Antibiotics for food poisoning
Poisoning, in particular food, refers to the problems that occur in the life of almost every person. After carrying out traditional, generally accepted and effective detox measures - gastric lavage, heavy drinking and proper diet , patients are interested in which medication will help the body to quickly deal with the symptoms and effects of this pathological condition, and some people think about antibiotics.
Are antibiotics necessary for food poisoning and in what cases are they indicated for use? When their use is harmful and is there an alternative to them during intoxication? Let's figure it out.
Indications for taking antibiotics for poisoning
Antibiotics in case of poisoning in adults are indicated in case of severe course, when weakness grows after helping the victim, diarrhea is observed more than 10 times a day, it is impossible to stop vomiting, high temperature lasts for more than 24 hours and blood impurities are detected in the feces - then there is a need for antibiotic treatment.
Taking antibiotics is not only justified, but has indications for intestinal infections, the symptoms of which are often difficult to distinguish from the signs of food poisoning at the beginning of the disease.
It should be emphasized that only a doctor prescribes the use of antibiotics and only after receiving the results of bacteriological analysis with the definition of the type of pathogen! It is important to know - what kind of drug to prescribe, in order to influence the point of the cause without causing harm to all other bacteria in the body!
Most often antibiotics for poisoning in adults are used in severe clinical forms of the pathological condition and in situations that can be caused by pathogens:
- in case of poisoning caused by staphylococci;
- with shigellosis (dysentery);
- in severe forms of salmonellosis (typhoid and septic).
When antibiotics for children are prescribed for poisoning
Appointment of antibiotics in children with poisoning is shown:
- with klebsiella infection;
- with campylobacteriosis;
- with escherichiosis and cytobacteriosis;
- in case of poisoning caused by proteal.
Antibiotics for children are prescribed strictly according to indications and only a doctor can do it!
Antibiotics in case of poisoning of children can only be shown in the severe form of the clinical course of the disease!
It is necessary to take into account the results of laboratory research and side effects of the drug on the immature body of the child!
Antibiotic use is a very useful video.
- As mentioned above, antibiotics are prescribed by a physician for microbial poisoning, when the pathogen and the drug to which it is sensitive is determined.
- It is forbidden to engage in self-treatment with antibiotics, such as food poisoning, and use them for the purpose of prevention!
- It is necessary to observe the dosage and frequency of use as directed by the physician, to accumulate the therapeutic concentration of the drug in the blood, as well as to prevent overdose (especially in young children).
- You can not drink the drug drinks, so as not to provoke unwanted effects, you need to use only water.
- After a course of antibiotic therapy, the use of drugs for the resumption of normal microflora (probiotics) is indicated.
Arguments against self antibiotics
In addition to helping and benefiting, taking antibiotics can be harmful, which can be logically explained. In most cases with food poisoning, the main role in the pathological process is played by toxins, which accumulate in food and cause disease. Taking antibiotics for food poisoning as self-treatment, without previous laboratory tests for planting food residues, vomit and feces to determine the cause of intoxication, has the following negative consequences:
- does not neutralize and does not destroy toxins, does not contribute to their removal;
- ineffective with intoxication caused by viruses;
- adversely affects the normal intestinal microflora, causing or intensifying dysbacteriosis and as a result diarrhea (diarrhea), weakens the body's defenses, which aggravates the patient's condition;
- some antibiotics have a toxic effect on the liver, pancreas and kidneys, which, in the case of poisoning, work with increased stress to detoxify the body;
- uncontrolled medication may cause an allergic reaction in a patient;
- the use of medications at its own discretion provokes the development of resistance (lack of therapeutic effect) from taking and, if necessary, their use, requires the appointment of more aggressive antibiotics;
- taking antibiotics before seeking medical advice creates the possibility of distorting the clinical picture (the characteristic signs of the disease are erased), which complicates the diagnosis and the appointment of adequate (appropriate) treatment.
Antibacterial drugs and their characteristics
What, then, is most often used for drug treatment for poisoning? There are alternatives to antibiotics for the treatment of food intoxication - antibacterial (antimicrobial) agents. They are often mistaken for antibiotics, but they are not. The main representatives of these types of drugs - sulfa drugs, are characterized by the following advantages:
- possess rather wide range of antimicrobic action and high activity;
- less toxic, with the permission of a doctor, used to treat children, pregnant women and nursing mothers;
- due to insignificant absorption into the blood, their main action is concentrated in the intestine (mainly local influence).
In addition, they should take into account the presence of side effects - possible allergic reactions, intolerance (individual) sulfonamides, and contraindications to the use (severe lesions of the thyroid gland, kidneys and liver).
Consequently, the use of antibiotics in food poisoning has its clear indications and takes a certain place in the treatment. They are used when the patient's condition after poisoning deteriorates sharply, with intestinal infection, microbial poisoning, also after taking an infected food, when microorganisms further multiply in the human body.
Proven efficacy and less aggressive effect on the body of antimicrobial drugs due to local action, and serves as an indication for their active use in poisoning.
For a speedy recovery, complex therapy is carried out under control and as directed by a doctor (especially children, pregnant women), in accordance with the main task of medicine - do no harm.