Antibiotics for food poisoning
Poisoning, in particular food, refers to problems that occur in the lives of almost everyone. After traditional, common and effective detoxification activities - gastric lavage, copious drinking and the right diet , the patients are interested in which medications will help the body to cope more quickly with the symptoms and consequences of this pathological condition, and some think about antibiotics.
Do you need antibiotics for food poisoning and in which cases are they indicated for use? When their reception is harmful and if there is an alternative for intoxication? Let's figure it out.
Indications for taking antibiotics for poisoning
Antibiotics for poisoning in adults are shown in case of severe current, when after rendering assistance to the victim, weakness grows, diarrhea is observed more than 10 times a day, it is impossible to stop vomiting, high temperature lasts for more than 24 hours and feces are detected in the stool - then there is a need for antibiotic treatment.
The intake of antibiotics is not only justified, but has indications, with intestinal infection, the symptoms of which are quite often at the beginning of the disease difficult to distinguish from signs of food poisoning.
It should be emphasized that only the doctor prescribes the reception of antibiotics and only after receiving the results of bacteriological analysis with the determination of the type of pathogen! It is important to know - what kind of drug to prescribe in order to influence the cause point, not harming all the other bacteria of the body!
Most often antibiotics for poisoning in adults are used in severe clinical forms of the pathological condition and in situations caused by pathogens:
- with poisoning caused by staphylococci;
- with shigellosis (dysentery);
- with severe forms of salmonellosis (typhoid-like and septic).
When antibiotics for poisoning are prescribed for children
The appointment of antibiotics in children with poisoning is shown:
- with klebsielleznoy infection;
- with campylobacteriosis;
- with escherichiosis and cytobacteriosis;
- when poisoning is caused by a prosthesis.
Antibiotics for children are prescribed strictly according to indications and only a doctor can do it!
Antibiotics for poisoning of children can be shown only with a severe form of the clinical course of the disease!
In this case, it is necessary to take into account the results of laboratory tests and side effects of the drug on the immature organism of the child!
The use of antibiotics is a very useful video
- As it was said above, antibiotics are used according to the prescription of the doctor for microbial poisoning, when the causative agent and the drug to which it is sensitive are determined.
- It is forbidden to self-medicate antibiotics, both food poisoning, and to apply them for the purpose of prevention!
- Dosage and frequency of application should be observed according to the instructions of the doctor, for the accumulation of the therapeutic concentration of the drug in the blood, and for the prevention of overdose (especially in young children).
- You can not drink the drug with drinks, so as not to provoke unwanted consequences, you need only use water.
- After the course of antibiotic therapy, the use of drugs to restore normal microflora (probiotics) is shown.
Arguments against self-treatment with antibiotics
In addition to helping and benefiting, taking antibiotics can do harm, which can be logically explained. In most cases, with food poisoning, the main role in the pathological process is played by toxins that accumulate in food and cause the disease. Reception of antibiotics for food poisoning as a self-treatment, without a previous laboratory examination for sowing food, vomit and stool to determine the cause of intoxication, has the following negative consequences:
- Does not neutralize and does not destroy toxins, does not contribute to their elimination;
- Ineffective in intoxication caused by viruses;
- adversely affects the normal intestinal microflora, causing or enhancing dysbiosis and as a consequence diarrhea (diarrhea), weakens the defenses of the body, which aggravates the patient's condition;
- some antibiotics have toxic effects on the liver, pancreas and kidneys, which, in case of poisoning, work with increased strain to detoxify the body;
- uncontrolled taking of drugs can cause an allergic reaction in the patient;
- the use of medicines at its own discretion provokes the development of resistance (lack of therapeutic effect) from admission and, in the future, if necessary, requires the use of more aggressive antibiotics;
- the reception of antibiotics until the moment of applying for medical advice creates the possibility of distortion of the clinical picture (the characteristic signs of the disease are erased), which complicates the diagnosis and the appointment of adequate (appropriate) treatment.
Antibacterial drugs and their characteristics
What then is most often used for drug treatment for poisoning? For the treatment of food intoxication there are alternative antibiotics drugs - antibacterial (antimicrobial) drugs. They are often mistakenly referred to as antibiotics, but they are not. The main representatives of these types of drugs - sulfonamide preparations, are characterized by the following advantages:
- have a sufficiently wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity and high activity;
- less toxic, with the permission of the doctor used to treat children, pregnant women and nursing mothers;
- due to insignificant absorption into the blood, their main action is concentrated in the intestine (mainly local influence).
In addition, they should take into account the presence of side effects - possible allergic reactions, intolerance (individual) sulfonamides, and contraindications to use (severe lesions of the thyroid gland, kidneys and liver).
Therefore, the use of antibiotics for food poisoning has its clear indications and takes a definite place in the treatment. They are used when the patient's condition after poisoning deteriorates sharply, with intestinal infection, microbial poisoning, also after taking infected food, when microorganisms continue to multiply in the human body.
The effectiveness and less aggressive influence of antimicrobial agents on the body due to local action is proved, and serves as an indication to their active use in poisoning.
For a speedy recovery, complex therapy is under control and according to the doctor's instructions (especially children, pregnant women), in accordance with the main task of medicine - do no harm.