What to feed the child after vomiting
Small children react very sensitively to unusual food, low-quality products and food poisons. Vomiting in a child is a protective mechanism that allows the stomach to be freed from hazardous substances. It can occur for various reasons and be one-time or long-term.
After giving the baby medical care, you need to take care of an appropriate, sparing diet, especially if diarrhea and vomiting are combined in a child.
What to feed a convalescent to support a weakened body and restore impaired digestion?
When vomiting occurs
The duration and severity of the diet will depend on the reasons why vomiting occurred. Disruption of diet, the use of unusual or annoying products (spices, seasonings, food additives), stress, head injury and teething are usually accompanied by a single vomiting. In this case, the therapeutic diet is observed for 1-2 days, on the third day they gradually return to the normal diet.
But how and what to feed the child with vomiting, if it is caused by food poisoning, a disease of the digestive system, fever, prolonged nervous system disorder? This will require a more serious approach.
During vomiting, there is no appetite, and it is not necessary to feed the child by force, except for otpaivaniya his teas, infusions, water-salt solutions.
But during the period of recovery of the body to comply with a sparing diet, you should know which foods are easily absorbed by the stomach, and which cause indigestion.
Light and heavy products
Babies on the lure leave only breast milk. It is an ideal product, easily absorbed by the stomach. Restoration of feeding is carried out gradually, re-accustom the child to new products. What to feed the child after vomiting?
First, they give liquid rice and buckwheat pods, in 1–2 days they introduce children's cottage cheese, then vegetable puree, then fruit juices. Porridge is boiled in diluted milk (1: 1 ratio with water). On the first day, you can make soaked biscuits or wheat crackers. Starchy jelly has a good enveloping and sedative effect on the gastric mucosa.
Products recommended for the violation of the stomach:
- baked apples;
- decoction of dried fruit;
- boiled carrots, broccoli;
- not sour kefir, yogurts without additives;
Heavy for stomach products:
- meat and fish - they are introduced into the ration in the form of a souffle 2–4 days after cessation of vomiting;
- pears, plums, grapes;
- fruit juices;
- fresh bread, rolls, other flour products;
- barley, barley and millet porridge;
- vegetables, fruits, berries, raw;
- fats: butter, sunflower oil and others.
Of course, no sausage, chips, smoked meats, soda and the like.
Oil-free mashed potatoes can be given several days after vomiting. It contains a lot of carbohydrates, which in this case is undesirable for the intestines.
How to cook a baby after vomiting
So that the products are better absorbed and do not injure the gastric mucosa, they are crushed in a blender or rubbed through a strainer. Cereals need a lot of boil, small children also grind into jelly. Useful mucous decoctions of rice and oatmeal porridge. You can offer your child ready-made products for baby food - meat and fish souffles, vegetable purees, cereals. They should not be sugar. Better still cook fresh food.
All foods that a child can eat after vomiting are boiled, stewed or steamed. Of great importance is the temperature of the food - it should be warm. Do not give hot or cold food - it also hurts the walls of the stomach.
Feeding regime after vomiting
In addition to answering the question of what a child can have when vomiting, it is important to know how often and in what portions to feed the baby.
- On the first day, the child is given plenty of drink: dogrose decoction, weak sweet tea, and pharmacy water-salt solutions: Regidron, Oralite, Glukosolan. When dehydrating, to compensate for the loss of fluid, a child up to a year should drink 150–200 ml of solution per kg of weight, after a year - 120–170 ml. They are fed in small portions, 1–2 teaspoons, in order not to provoke repeated vomiting.
- Do not offer food until vomiting stops. Usually, the child does not have an appetite for 5-6 hours. You can not force to eat at the same time, it is quite possible to do by filling the fluid with a glucose-saline solution.
- Feed the child often, but in small portions. The multiplicity of food intake is up to 7 times a day, with an interval of 2-2.5 hours. Do not force the baby to feed, do not force to eat by volume more than he wants. The first days the amount of food will probably be less than usual. A return to a normal daily dietary volume occurs at 3-5 days after vomiting.
- A gentle diet and diet must be followed for 1-3 weeks after the illness.
How to feed a child with vomiting and diarrhea
The appearance of diarrhea means that the intestines are also involved in the painful process. With diarrhea, the dehydration factor increases, so drinking is given after each stool. To facilitate the work of the intestine, milk is eliminated if possible. Instead, give dairy products.
What can a child have with diarrhea and vomiting? In the preparation of the diet should be considered:
- one-day kefir, beets and prunes have a laxative effect;
- curd, rice and eggs have a fixing effect.
From the products exclude everything that is rich in fiber: legumes, cabbage, greens, cucumbers, radishes. Tomatoes can be given in small quantities in stewed form. Vegetable and melted butter is introduced gradually in small doses.
When violations of the digestive system must adhere to a sparing diet. Refusal of food for the first time after the onset of signs of the disease itself has a healing effect. After 6–12 hours after vomiting, children are offered easily digestible food: rice and buckwheat cereals, jelly, dried wheat bread. Then gradually boiled vegetables, fish and meat are introduced into the diet. All that the child is fed with vomiting and diarrhea, must have a liquid or mushy consistency and be offered to the baby in a warm form. Depending on the severity of the disease, dietary adherence is maintained for three to five days or several weeks after the disappearance of the signs of the disease.