Than to feed a dog at a poisoning
Dogs often become victims of poisoning. Picking up all sorts of nastiness on the walk, your pet risks getting a digestive disorder. What to feed the dog after poisoning, and what products will help restore the shaken health?
Recommendations for a diet for your pet are primarily related to the so-called food poisoning, that is, when the dog was poisoned by stale food. Poisonings of a specific nature - drugs, industrial poisons, gases, caustic substances, poisonous herbs and others - should be treated by a veterinarian. He will also recommend a feeding regimen. In any case, it will not hurt to normalize the diet, making it as useful and easily digestible for the dog.
Within a day after the appearance of vomiting and diarrhea, a hunger diet is recommended. Then the dog can be given broths and liquid decoctions of cereals.
Why you need a diet for poisoning
During acute poisoning, the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines is affected, the liver and pancreas are affected. Kidneys as an excretory organ also need support. During a hungry diet, poisons and toxins are more intensively removed from the body, and the mucous membrane has time to heal damage. Also, the liver is not distracted by the digestion of food, but throws all its forces into the fight against the products of decay and inflammation.
After the first day, broths and broths are gradually given, then liquid porridges and minced meat. This is necessary to ensure that the food that has entered the intestines is quickly digested, without forming stagnant phenomena. During this period, the gastrointestinal tract is very vulnerable, enzymes and gastric juice are not produced at the proper level, and the liver is difficult to cope with a large number of incoming nutrients.
Easy food for dogs
Dogs are carnivores, so the concept of light food is slightly different from human. What to feed the dog with poisoning, so that the food is fully absorbed? Here is the list of suitable products:
- low-fat varieties of meat - beef and horse meat;
- a chicken without bones;
- liquid porridge on the broth: oatmeal, rice, buckwheat.
In a few days you can additionally include in the diet:
- chicken eggs;
- skim cheese;
- beef liver;
- sea fish;
- boiled carrots, beets;
Meat and fish are twisted in a meat grinder and boiled. Egg white is better absorbed in boiled form, yolk can be given raw if you are sure of the quality of eggs. The same applies to the liver - if it is fresh and not infected, then you can give it in its raw form.
Butter is given in small amounts, other fats are temporarily excluded from the diet. Raw foods are fed in small quantities. They stimulate the production of gastric juice, the proliferation of useful microflora, intestinal peristalsis.
It is not recommended to give foie, barley, semolina and pearl gruel, as they are difficult to digest. But if your pet is accustomed to such cereals, you can mix them with light porridges in a ratio of 1: 1 or 1: 2.
As a stimulant of muscular contractions of the intestine with constipation, you can give the dog a little fresh carrot juice.
Dog feeding regime for poisoning
What can we feed the dog after poisoning, we found out. It is also clear that all products should be given mainly in boiled form. Now a few words about the feeding regime.
- It is necessary to return to four or five meals, like the time when your pet was still a puppy.
- The break between feeding should be at least two hours.
- If your dog is not a glutton, she will determine the amount of feeding she needs.
- In breaks between meals, take the food out into the refrigerator, and warm up before feeding to a warm state.
- All foods should be slightly salted.
- Water should always stand in an accessible place.
Remember that a healthy diet for dogs corresponds to a proportion - two-thirds of meat, one-third of porridge and vegetables. For puppies and whelmed bitches, protein food should be more - about 3: 1.
Gradually, as the pet recovers, go back to a two-time meal. By appointment, the doctor can continue to give enterosorbents and begin treatment with probiotics to restore the intestinal microflora. It is better to buy probiotics in a veterinary pharmacy - it's cheaper, but you can also use human drugs. As a probiotic, it is recommended to give the dog bifidokefir 2-3 days ago (fresh kefir has a laxative effect).
Prohibited products for poisoning
It is clear, than to feed the dog after poisoning. And what products can not be given during this period? First of all, this is the food that is forbidden for feeding carnivores in principle:
- sugar, carbohydrates;
- bread, rolls, pasta, potatoes;
- boiled bones.
Also, during the diet, they exclude the dacha of raw bones, fiber - raw vegetables, all fruits. They stop taking fodder supplements and vitamins, except those prescribed by a veterinarian. Do not give any canned food, human food and the product that the dog was poisoned with. It is also better to wait with offal - ruber, udder, kidneys.
Milk can be given only to puppies up to 3-4 months of age! For adult dogs, dairy products are heavy food.
Dry food or canned food?
During the recovery of digestion after poisoning it is better to feed the dog fresh, natural food. Categorically not recommended dry food - it causes mechanical irritation of the mucosa, contains artificial supplements and poorly affects the activity of the intestine. Also it is undesirable to give a wet food - canine cans. In addition to the content of additives and preservatives, such food is "dead", does not contain living enzymes, enzymes and digestive stimulators. Canned food can be given only as a last resort.
After poisoning, the dog's digestive system is extremely vulnerable. It is necessary to exclude from the diet heavy fodders, replacing them with broths, low-fat varieties of meat and liquid porridges - buckwheat, oatmeal, rice. To feed the pet after poisoning should be small portions, increasing the frequency of feeding up to 4-5 times a day. Before feeding, the food must be heated to a warm state. Return to the normal diet is done gradually, for one to three weeks - depending on the severity of the poisoning.