What to do if the kitten was poisoned?
Kittens are more prone to poisoning than adult cats. They, like all children, are very curious and often drag their stuff into their mouths. A small organism is more vulnerable, it has a smaller margin of safety and usually has more serious consequences for toddlers.
If your kitten is poisoned, contact your veterinarian immediately!
Pre-call the clinic and describe in detail the symptoms, if possible, name the poisonous substance that caused the poisoning. Do not attempt to treat the baby yourself, because poisoning with various substances may require different help and a specific antidote.
The most common causes of poisoning in kittens
A kitten living in a house can be poisoned for the following reasons.
- In contact with household chemicals, which contains corrosive substances (concentrated acids and alkalis, alcohols, aldehydes). Usually a strong smell scares away animals, but not all the drugs they have. For example, ethylene glycol, contained in antifreeze, has a sweet taste and is very attractive for kittens. A small kitten needs to swallow less than one milliliter of antifreeze to get poisoned.
- Preparations against insects and mites. These poisons can act through the skin. Poisoning occurs when improper use of funds from fleas: solutions, drops, shampoo. Kittens up to 4 months of age are not recommended to use strong insecticides. Limit yourself a special shampoo for kittens, or even better, comb the fleas by hand. Be careful when processing the room, otherwise the kitten may be poisoned by residual amounts of insecticide.
- Poisons against rats and mice: when eating bait or rodent, killed by such poison.
- Indoor plants can cause inflammation of the skin on contact, poisoning when eating a kitten leaves, or if it gnaws the stem. Dangerous for chrysanthemum cats, dwarf ficus, Benjamin ficus, spurge, calla, diffenbachia, philodendron, some species of lilies, amaryllis, asparagus, plums, calanchoe, azalea.
- Medications from the home medicine chest.
- A kitten who walks freely on the street, in addition, can be poisoned by contact with other substances.
- When inhaled petroleum fumes.
- When eating wild plants poisonous.
- In contact with drugs for the destruction of weeds, pests of the garden.
- Poisoning of garbage happens in cats extremely rarely, because they are very picky in food, but you can not completely exclude this possibility.
Signs of poisoning
With most food poisoning in the kitten, diarrhea and vomiting develop as natural protective reactions. But you should know that they are not signs characteristic only of poisoning. Vomiting in the kitten can occur with certain infections or with non-contagious diseases of the stomach and intestines. Acute poisoning is characterized by a sudden and sharp manifestation of symptoms, normal or low body temperature. Also possible with poisoning in the kitten:
- symptoms of central nervous system damage: convulsions, paralysis, muscle tremors, difficult or frequent shallow breathing, abnormal enlargement or narrowing of the pupil, coma;
- soreness in the abdomen;
- excitement, continuous meowing, bouts of hysteria;
- sudden blindness.
First aid for kitten poisoning
What to do when poisoning a kitten in the first place? Regardless of whether you contact the veterinarian or not, immediately give the kitten first aid.
Discontinue the animal's contact with the poison. If the kitten inhaled harmful fumes - take it to fresh air. If he has stained the wool or suffered from improper use of the remedy for fleas, wash it with soap or baby shampoo.
Induce vomiting if the cat is poisoned by eating poison. You can do this in one of the following ways.
- 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide from the calculation of half a teaspoon per 1 kg of mass. Repeat up to three times in ten minutes.
- Salt solution: dilute one teaspoon in half a glass of water. The kitten is enough to pour 10-20 ml of the solution.
- A solution of potassium permanganate is slightly pink.
- Place several baking soda crystals on the root of the tongue.
- Syrup Ipecacuans one teaspoon for 5 kg of weight.
Solutions are poured into the mouth from a teaspoon or a syringe without a needle.
Do not induce vomiting in the following cases.
- If he already vomited. It is also useless to induce vomiting, if more than 2 hours have elapsed since eating poison - he has already left his stomach.
- If the animal is slowed or in a coma. In this state, the probability of disturbing the emetic reflex is great, and the kitten can be choked with vomit.
- When poisoning with alkalis, acids, detergents, petroleum products.
Do not despair if you do not manage to cause vomiting in the kitten. What to do next?
With food poisoning, give the kitten adsorbents and enveloping substances to slow the absorption of poison. Activated carbon, crushed and diluted in water, Polysorb, Enterosgel or other adsorbents.
Decoction of flaxseed, milk, egg white solution (with water 1: 1), liquid starch paste or other mucus broth.
What to do if the kitten was poisoned, and professional veterinary care for some reason is not available? In this case, you need to accurately determine if not the poison itself, then the nature of its effect on the body.
Than to treat a kitten after a poisoning
After the implementation of first aid measures at home, you can conduct treatment.
- Three hours after giving enveloping substances and adsorbents, give a laxative: one teaspoon of vegetable oil, salt laxatives (sodium or magnesium sulfate 2% solution 1-5 ml).
- Well clears the intestines of enema: kitten 5-10 ml of saline from the syringe in the rectum.
- To enhance the work of the kidneys are given a diuretic, better than vegetable origin: broths of bearberry, cowberry, juniper berries, diuretic collection.
- When dehydrated, saline or Ringer's solution is evaporated.
- To maintain the body, a solution of glucose is evaporated.
- To work the liver. When the kitten was poisoned, what to treat the liver, so as not to harm? It is possible to give Karsil on 1/4 tablets, Hepatovet on 0,5 ml within a month is well will support an organism.
Remember, when poisoning is important to provide first aid as soon as possible. This will determine the success of further treatment. Stop the poison absorption, and then seek qualified veterinary care.