What to do if the puppy is poisoned
In addition to knowledge of the care, feeding and maintenance of the dog, the owner must acquire the minimum skills in first aid in case of accidents. Small puppies are very curious and enthusiastically explore their surrounding space. Left to his own child can eat something harmful to his health.
How to recognize the poisoning, and how to help your pet? What to do if the puppy was poisoned, because in the acute case, every minute counts? A little knowledge of the causes of poisoning and methods of treatment will help the owner not to get lost and quickly take action if necessary.
The main causes of puppy poisoning
Nature provided the dog with reliable protection from eating poisonous substances - scent and taste. When instincts fail?
Oddly enough, the cause of the poisoning of the pet can be its owner:
- the use of therapeutic drugs without consulting a veterinarian;
- dose non-compliance;
- improper use of means against worms and fleas.
The puppy's body is still vulnerable: the metabolism proceeds at a high rate, and the systems for excretion of harmful products are not well formed to combat poisons. Small body mass also contributes to rapid intoxication.
Pills from the first-aid kit are dangerous for a puppy - take it away.
Food "with a scent" has some attractive properties for the canine family. Unlike cats, dogs are less choosy in this regard. Yes, their stomach is designed so that it can digest a lot. And still it is impossible to give dogs, especially small puppies, suspicious foods, cheap dog food, to allow them to pick up “sweets” for a walk.
Intentional poisoning. Neighbors, dog hunters, city authorities without any remorse use toxic substances to fight animals. Poisonous bait with rat poison (zookumariny) or isoniazid can cause poisoning in a puppy. The symptoms will vary depending on the drug used.
In a private house, there may be cases of poisoning with pest control products from the garden and vegetable garden: from insects, ants, rodents, Bordeaux mixture, herbicides (weed control products).
In rare cases, a puppy may suffer from exposure to alkali, acid, household chemicals, petroleum products (gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel). Dogs are more often poisoned by petroleum when inhaled.
Also, there are, although rare cases of poisoning with wild poisonous plants.
Signs of poisoning in a puppy
It should be noted that some symptoms of poisoning are similar to the onset of an infectious disease (vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy). Important role played by the circumstances and the nature of the signs.
Vomiting in a puppy may occur if the dog ate something wrong. Sometimes the process of emptying the stomach does not lead to health consequences. If the puppy feels good, and vomiting is a one-time - nothing terrible. See the contents - what caused such a reaction? A bad sign is strong vomiting, the contents are small, it is of an uncharacteristic color, it has a strange smell (acid, gasoline, garlic).
In most cases of poisoning, diarrhea, abdominal pain, refusal of food, drooling occur. If the puppy has swallowed a caustic substance (acid, alkali, household chemicals) - redness and soreness of the mouth, tongue.
Weakness, lethargy, clouding of consciousness. Or, on the contrary, unnatural excitement.
Nervous phenomena - staggering, involuntary twitching or trembling of muscles, paralysis, convulsions, seizures, loss of consciousness, dilation or contraction of the pupil.
Some plant poisons, anticonvulsants, or cardiac drugs cause slow heartbeats and respiratory problems (irregular, delayed, difficult).
First aid for a puppy in case of poisoning
If a puppy is poisoned, the treatment will work the better, the earlier it was started. It is necessary to take measures of pre-medical assistance aimed at stopping the flow of poison into the blood.
To induce vomiting, forcing the puppy to swallow one of the following solutions:
- table salt or baking soda - 1 tablespoon for a glass of water;
- a three percent solution of hydrogen peroxide diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio;
- weak pink solution of potassium permanganate.
All solutions must be warm.
When exposed to harmful gases, remove the dog to fresh air. If the puppy has been subjected to carbon monoxide poisoning, the mouth and tongue are washed abundantly with a 2% solution of baking soda.
If the poison acts through the skin (flea products, oil products), then the puppy should be washed in warm water with baby soap.
Do not induce vomiting in case of poisoning with acids, alkalis, petroleum products.
It is necessary to seek qualified medical assistance.
Treatment of poisoning in a puppy
While the veterinarian is traveling, you can carry out some procedures yourself.
Give the puppy an adsorbent (a drug that binds poison in the intestines). It may be:
- Activated carbon;
To feed enveloping - it will prevent the absorption from the intestine into the blood. If intestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhea, colic) predominate in case of poisoning, mucous broths, egg white (diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio), liquid starch paste are given.
If there are nerve phenomena (pupil dilation, agitation or depression, abnormal heart function), the use of astringent solutions gives a good effect:
- 3% tannin solution;
- decoction of oak bark;
- sage herbs.
Laxative. Oil laxatives should not be given - many poisons dissolve perfectly in oils. Apply salt preparations:
- Glauber's or Karlovy Vary salt;
- magnesium sulphate.
If slower heart rate is noted, give Corvalol.
You know for sure that the puppy was poisoned because the bait was eaten during the walk. What to do, how to help before the arrival of the doctor? If there are cases of deliberate poisoning in your area, and vomiting and convulsions have occurred in dogs, then this poison is most likely to be isoniazid. To neutralize, make an intravenous or intramuscular injection of an aqueous solution of vitamin B6. It is sold in any pharmacy, there will be no harm from it. Dose of 5% solution on a puppy - 5-10 ml.
It is forbidden to water a puppy with folk remedies: vodka, hawthorn tincture, etc.; milk should be given only in case of poisoning with heavy metal salts (mercury, lead).
After providing veterinary care, the puppy is placed in a warm, darkened place. The first day is not fed, but provide water. Over the next 3–7 days (depending on the condition of the dog) they follow a diet:
- low fat boiled meat;
- cottage cheese;
- the eggs.
Be attentive to what your pet eats, remove all hazardous substances, use medications only as prescribed by a doctor. If you find symptoms of poisoning in a puppy - as soon as possible, give first aid and take to the clinic. If you called the vet at home while you wait, give the adsorbent and laxative. If you have managed on your own, consult with your doctor anyway, since exposure to some poisons can have lasting effects.