What can a child have in case of poisoning
Every parent at least once in their life faced such a nuisance as child poisoning. In this case, there are many questions in terms of treatment, treatment, nutrition. Is it possible to feed a child at all in case of poisoning?
Nature herself made sure that the child refused to eat on the day of poisoning. Parents in this case should not try to feed him. But then the question arises: how to organize the nutrition of the child during the illness?
First Aid reminder
Before we talk about nutrition, we recall about first aid in case of poisoning of children.
If the child is very small, it is necessary to call the ambulance brigade. In this case, the paramedic will flush the stomach, give an enema, prescribe enterosorbents.
Gastric lavage is carried out with warm boiled water at the rate of 20 ml per kilogram of body weight (a child up to one year old). This manipulation can be done both independently (feeding) and through a nasogastric tube.
After washing the stomach, the child must be given drugs that absorb toxic substances:
- Activated carbon;
It should be remembered that taking other drugs and food is not allowed within 1-1.5 hours after taking enterosorbents.
Principles of child nutrition in case of poisoning
The main symptoms of poisoning in children are:
- abdominal pain;
- possibly increased body temperature.
It should be remembered that the child loses a significant amount of fluid in the body! Consequently, the water-salt balance is disturbed, the symptoms of intoxication increase, the blood thickens. Therefore, on the first day of poisoning, it is necessary to unsolder the child. You can give him a sweet black tea, broth hips, brewed St. John's wort, compote of dried fruit. In this case, doctors prescribe the solution "Regidron." It should be taken according to the instructions.
The next day, after adequate treatment, the child's body will begin to recover. In this case, a sparing diet is necessary. In drawing up the menu for the day, you need to consider that you can have a child with poisoning. Food should contain sufficient amount of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. The first days after poisoning it is better to serve food in liquid and semi-liquid form. Food should be warm, but not hot. In drawing up the menu, it is necessary to avoid products that increase the secretion of the stomach and bile secretion, as well as irritating the esophageal mucosa.
Fluid loss replacement
In this case, the lost fluid can be replenished with the help of oral rehydration. They feed the child with water-salt solutions, which contain salt, glucose, potassium and sodium. A classic drug in pediatric practice is a powder for solution preparation - “Regidron”. An alternative drug is Citroglucosolan. The use of these drugs is possible only according to the instructions.
The contents of the bag dissolve in 3 liters of warm boiled water. The prepared solution should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. The required amount of fluid is assigned at the rate of body mass. A child under one year must be given 200 ml for each kilogram of his body weight. Thus, the one-year-old baby should drink about 2 liters of water per day.
Feeding the child should begin on 1 teaspoon every 3-5 minutes. Parents should remember that you should not increase the recommended dose of fluid. Otherwise, if you consume a large amount of fluid, you can cause repeated vomiting. Feeding will need to start over. Since these solutions do not have the most pleasant taste, you can alternate them with rosehip decoction or sweet tea. Keep in mind the temperature conditions. Liquid must be at room temperature.
Oral rehydration is carried out until the main symptoms of intoxication of the body - vomiting and diarrhea - disappear. With persistent diarrhea, oral rehydration with water-salt solutions should be continued at the rate of 10 ml per kilogram of the baby’s body weight.
Also, do not starve the child with hunger. Once vomiting has stopped, you can begin the gradual introduction of liquid and semi-liquid food.
Each parent, faced with the poisoning of their child, asks himself - what can he be fed during the recovery period?
Meals should start with sweet black tea with homemade crackers. The next day you need to add lean chicken broth . You can also offer your baby:
- low-fat kefir;
- mashed potatoes (no added butter and milk);
- rice water.
Gradually, you can enter the child's diet:
- chicken meat;
- boiled fish;
- steam meatballs.
Baby food should be fractional. Offer food is better 5-6 times a day, but little by little.
Forbidden products in case of poisoning
Parents should also know not only that they can eat a child if they are poisoned, but also a list of foods prohibited for consumption. These products include:
- fresh white bread;
- fat broth;
- smoked products;
- fatty meats;
- fried foods;
- raw vegetables and fruits;
- canned compotes;
- millet, pearl barley, barley;
- spicy dishes;
- carbonated drinks.
If the above rules are observed, the child’s body will recover in a few days. It is necessary to move on to the usual diet gradually, as the baby’s body condition improves. Also, for the full recovery, you need an additional appointment of multivitamin preparations. Always remember: proper nutrition helps to prevent many serious problems.