What you can eat a child with poisoning
Every parent at least once in his life faced such a nuisance as child poisoning. In this case, there are many questions in terms of treatment, diet, nutrition. Is it possible, in general, to feed a child with poisoning?
Nature herself took care that on the day of poisoning the baby would refuse to eat. In this case, parents should not try to feed him. But then the question arises: how to organize the baby's nutrition during illness?
First Aid Reminder
Before talking about nutrition, let us recall the first aid in poisoning children.
If the child is very small, you need to call an ambulance. In this case, the paramedic will wash the stomach, put the enema, and appoint enterosorbents.
Gastric lavage is carried out with warm boiled water at a rate of 20 ml per kilogram of body weight (child up to a year). This manipulation can be performed both independently (soldering) and through a nasogastric tube.
After washing the stomach, the child should be given drugs that absorb toxic substances:
- Activated carbon;
It should be remembered that the intake of other drugs and food is not allowed within 1-1.5 hours after taking enterosorbents.
Principles of feeding a child with poisoning
The main symptoms of poisoning in children are:
- abdominal pain;
- possibly, a rise in body temperature.
It should be remembered that the child loses a significant amount of fluid in the body! Consequently, the water-salt balance is disturbed, the symptoms of intoxication are amplified, and the blood is condensed. Therefore, on the first day of poisoning, the child must be repaired. You can give him a sweet black tea, a broth of wild rose, brewed by St. John's wort, a compote of dried fruits. In this case, doctors prescribe a solution of "Regidron". Take it should follow the instructions.
The next day, after adequate treatment, the baby's body will begin to recover. In this case, a sparing diet is necessary. When making the menu for the day, you need to take into account that you can eat a child when poisoning. Food should contain enough protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. The first days after poisoning it is better to serve dishes in a liquid and semi-liquid form. Food should be warm, but not hot. When making the menu, it is necessary to avoid products that increase gastric secretion and bile secretion, as well as irritating the esophagus mucosa.
Replenishment of fluid loss
Replenish the lost fluid in this case can be through oral rehydration. Solder the child with water-salt solutions, which contain salt, glucose, potassium and sodium in their composition. The classic preparation in pediatric practice is the powder for the preparation of the solution - "Regidron". An alternative drug is Citroglucosolan. The use of these drugs is possible only according to the instructions.
The contents of the sachet are dissolved in 3 liters of warm boiled water. The prepared solution should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. The necessary amount of fluid is assigned from the calculation of body weight. A child of up to a year should be given 200 ml for each kilogram of his body weight. Thus, a one-year-old should drink about 2 liters of water per day.
To solder a child, you should start 1 teaspoon every 3-5 minutes. Parents should remember that you should not increase the recommended dose of fluid. Otherwise, if you consume large amounts of fluid, you can cause a second vomiting. The soldering will have to start again. Since these solutions have not the most pleasant taste, you can alternate them with broth of rose hips or sweet tea. Remember the temperature mode. The liquid to be consumed must be at room temperature.
Oral rehydration is performed until the main symptoms of an organism's intoxication disappear - vomiting and diarrhea. If diarrhea persists, continue oral rehydration with water-salt solutions from the calculation of 10 ml per kilogram of the body weight of the baby.
Also, do not exhaust the child with hunger. Once the vomiting has stopped, you can begin the gradual introduction of liquid and semi-liquid food.
Every parent who encounters the poisoning of his child asks himself - what can you feed him during the recovery period?
Meals should start with sweet black tea with homemade croutons. The next day, add low-fat chicken broth . You can also offer the baby:
- low-fat kefir;
- mashed potatoes (without adding oil and milk);
- rice broth.
Gradually, the child's diet can be entered:
- chicken meat;
- boiled fish;
- steam meatballs.
Baby food should be a fraction. Offer food better 5-6 times a day, but little by little.
Prohibited products for poisoning
Parents also need to know not only what can be eaten by the child in case of poisoning, but also the list of products prohibited for consumption. Such products include:
- fresh white bread;
- fatty broth;
- smoked products;
- fatty meat;
- fried food;
- raw vegetables and fruits;
- canned compotes;
- millet, barley, barley cereals;
- spicy dishes;
- carbonated drinks.
If the above rules are observed, the child's body will recover within a few days. Go to the usual diet should be gradually, as the improvement of the body of the baby. Also for complete recovery, additional multivitamin preparations are needed. Always remember: proper nutrition helps prevent many serious problems.