What can you eat and drink in case of poisoning?
Poisoning is a fairly common and extremely unpleasant problem. Opportunity and danger to face it haunts the modern man on the heels of - from not washed hands, non-compliance with the regimes of cooking and storage of food and to all sorts of microbial or chemical causes. Serious clinical manifestations or malaise in children are forced (forced) to seek medical help. In the case of a light flow, “rest to form” will help rest and proper diet - drinking and appropriate products.
General nutritional recommendations for poisoning
Gentle diet and abundant drinking are aimed at combating dehydration and elimination of toxins from the victim’s body, reducing the load on the functioning of the alimentary tract and returning to his normal work.
Gastric lavage and the use of drugs (activated carbon, Smecta, Regidron and others) remove food debris and decomposition products, thereby eliminating the cause of the pathological condition and speeding recovery.
Products with properties useful in poisoning
There are a number of questions that are most often asked in case of poisoning. To help the patient and his family, a list was compiled with an affirmative answer - “yes”, taking into account some details:
- whether it is possible to drink mineral water in case of poisoning - table mineral water can be consumed, but not without gas, so as not to irritate the gastric mucosa;
- whether it is possible to drink chamomile in case of poisoning - its decoction has anti-inflammatory and soothing function, favorably affects the patient’s body and improves well-being;
- whether it is possible to drink tea in case of poisoning - even it is necessary, from the moment the symptoms of the disease subside, green and / or weak black, preferably sweet broth from the hips;
- whether it is possible to eat apples in case of poisoning - it is better to use baked or mashed sweet and sour varieties, they stimulate the appetite and promote healing.
What products to refuse in case of poisoning
In addition to the popular opinion about the undeniable benefits of some products, the following are the reverse arguments and their explanation.
- Is it possible to drink milk in case of poisoning? In case of microbial poisoning, it is excluded from the diet for the duration of the acute period. Milk not only does not bind toxins and does not contribute to their removal, but additionally leads to irritation of the mucous membrane of the alimentary tract and may exacerbate the manifestations - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and flatulence (bloating). In addition, the increased fat content and the likelihood of deterioration without suitable storage, definitely remove the milk from the useful list. Chemical poisoning (household chemicals) carries the risk of disrupting the integrity of the wall of the esophagus and stomach (surface and perforated ulcers). The use of milk will only increase the likelihood of peritonitis (intraperitoneal inflammation). In the case of opposition to heavy metals, it has been proved that milk binds iron, for the rest, its usefulness has not been confirmed.
- Is it possible to have yoghurt in case of poisoning? Doctors advise to refuse not only whole milk, but also fermented milk products (yogurt, kefir) and stick without a dairy diet for at least 3 days.
- Is it possible to eat eggs in case of poisoning - they are products of animal origin and require special efforts for digestion. Therefore, from the 5th day after the stabilization of the state of the egg, one can eat only as a double omelette, in a fried or boiled state, it is allowed to be eaten after 2–3 weeks.
- Whether honey is possible in case of poisoning - like other sweets, honey causes fermentation processes that have a negative effect on the affected alimentary canal.
- Is it possible to eat fruit in case of poisoning? Most raw vegetables and fruits are not recommended for food intoxication, except for bananas. They are easily digested, contain insignificant amount of fruit acids, without irritating the alimentary canal, weakened and damaged by poisoning. In addition, the high content of potassium in bananas helps restore lost strength. They can be eaten with appetite. The relatively light products include pear and apple puree. Prepare it with a blender or a very small float and in small portions include in the patient's diet.
Definitely forbidden (not recommended) the presence of the patient's menu is hot and fried, canned and smoked, fatty and sweet foods, coffee and cocoa, heavy cereals (barley, barley and millet), milk and citrus. They aggravate the course of the disease and lead to an exacerbation of the process.
What to drink in case of poisoning
- It is recommended to take water - purified or boiled, mineral gas-free fractional portions.
- With a more complex course of the disease, it is justified to refuse to eat food on the first day and will focus on drinking and taking drugs that relieve the phenomenon of toxicosis.
- In simple cases, savory crackers and tea can be sweet.
- With the emergence of feelings of hunger - vegetable broths or mucous soups.
Drink in small portions and often, preferably warm (not hot) liquid.
What can you drink in case of poisoning, in addition to water, to patients without pronounced symptoms:
- sweet green or black tea;
- dried fruits compote;
- herbal decoctions - wild rose, chamomile, dill;
- cereal broths - rice or buckwheat.
They "start the work" of the digestive system, normalize the water and electrolyte balance and help relieve the symptoms of intoxication. In the future, the patient is offered weak fast broths for recuperation.
What can you eat in case of poisoning
What to consider when drawing up the menu for the victim, what foods you can eat in case of poisoning:
- crackers and galetny (dry) cookies;
- light cereal (buckwheat or rice) on the water;
- lean vegetable purée soups;
- non-sour fruits (apples, bananas, pears) - preferably boiled or baked;
- boiled lean meat and fish with the stabilization of the state (not earlier than the 5th day);
- cottage cheese soufflé or casserole (after the 5th day).
It is also advisable to adhere to the principles of fractional (in small portions) and frequent (every 2–3 hours) food exclusively with freshly prepared dishes from authorized products. Cooking should be steamed or boiled, preferably before serving to bring to a liquid or puree consistency.
Thus, a strict diet should be followed for at least 3-4 days after poisoning, and not to use prohibited foods for a further two weeks.
Compliance with the appropriate regime of drinking and nutrition, the use of medication when necessary, proper rest contribute to the rapid recovery and restoration of the functioning of the alimentary tract, including the function of the liver and gall bladder.