Drugs that remove toxins from the body

детоксикация организма In the modern world it is impossible to completely protect your body from intoxication. In connection with the development of production and engineering, the emergence of new factories and plants, a significant increase in the number of motor vehicles on the roads is also increasing the number of harmful and hazardous to health chemicals released into the atmosphere. They are almost everywhere: they are dissolved in the air, they settle on the ground, plants and skin, products, get into living quarters, drinking water.

Over time, accumulating in the body, toxic substances poison all organs and systems, leading to the development of acute or chronic intoxication.

Methods of detoxification and used drugs

Depending on the type of toxin (heavy metals, ethylene glycol, carbon monoxide and sulfur, drugs, poisonous fungi, chemical substances, etc.), the severity of the lesion and the presence of a symptom, the time from the moment of poisoning uses certain drugs to detoxify the body. At acute expressed poisonings in a hospital often apply the combined Detox.

Intravenous drug administration

препараты для детоксикации Parenteral administration of special solutions is used for severe poisoning and only in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor. The following drugs are used:

  • Hemodez H;
  • Reamberin;
  • Rheosorbylact;
  • Neo-Compensated;
  • Reopoliglyukin;
  • Gelatinol.

Here is a list of the most effective drugs injected into the vein drip.

Effects of drugs:

  • detoxification (detoxification and elimination of toxins, purification of organs);
  • antioxidant effect (inhibit the oxidation of organic compounds-lipids, proteins);
  • improve rheological properties of blood (reduce viscosity, dilute) and microcirculation in tissues;
  • antihypoxic effect (oxygen saturation and improvement of metabolic processes).

Often, detoxification drugs are supplemented with the administration of albumin or vitamin C.

The above solutions for removing toxins from the body should be applied strictly according to the doctor's prescription in the dosage necessary for each particular patient! Their own use at home is unacceptable!

Hemodesis and hemodialysis

таблетки для выведения токсинов The procedures relate to extracorporeal ("outside the body") methods of purifying the blood of toxins and are performed in conditions of a small operating room.

With hemosorption, all poisons are removed from the blood by adsorption (toxin on the surface of the sorbent) and absorption (inside the sorbent) on an ion exchange resin or activated carbon.

Apply hemosorption in case of poisoning with medicines and chemical poisons also in acute liver failure.

Hemodialysis is based on the filtration of blood through a semipermeable membrane. The method is used in acute and chronic renal failure, poisoning with salts of heavy metals.

Both methods have their contraindications and features of the conduct.

Forced diuresis

выведение токсинов форсированный диурез The method is based on artificial enhancement of urination. To this end, intravenous diuretics are used to remove toxins from the body:

  • hypertonic glucose solution (40%);
  • solution of sodium chloride;
  • Mannitol;
  • Furosemide;
  • Torasemide.

Under their influence, the amount of urine released per day increases, and, accordingly, all the wastes.

Summing up, it should be said that preparations for all of the above detoxification methods: hemosorption, hemodialysis, forced diuresis are used only in hospitals and under medical supervision.

Enterosorbents

вывод токсинов These are medications that bind and remove toxins for ingestion. The most famous and effective:

  • Enterosgel;
  • Polyphepan;
  • Polysorb;
  • Smecta;
  • White clay.

These medications can be used alone, preferably in the early stages of poisoning. Sorbents are produced in the form of powders, granules, gel, suspensions. There are also tablets for removing toxins from the body, for example, activated charcoal.

The mechanism of action of all sorbents consists in finding, absorbing toxins on the surface and removing these complexes from the body. In the blood, drugs are not absorbed, but act directly inside the stomach and intestines. The faster the medicine is taken, the higher its effectiveness will be.

Antidotes

препараты при детоксикации Antidote is called a specific antidote to a certain type of toxin. The drugs inhibit the action of the poison, but do not eliminate the developed disorders and damages in the organs and tissues, so they are used in combination with other drugs (glucose solution, sodium chloride and potassium chloride, albumin and others).

The list of antidotes for today is quite large, but the most used ones are:

  • Uni thiol;
  • Kuprenil.

Uniothiol is a universal antidote and is used for poisoning with metals, carbons and drugs. Kuprenil is a complexing agent. When ingested, it binds to the toxin and removes it through the kidneys and the gastrointestinal tract.

Phytosets and homeopathic medicines

detoksikacia lehenie travami Decoctions and herbal tinctures have long been used to remove toxins by enhancing intestinal motility and urination. With urine and intestinal contents, a large number of slags, poisons, and metabolic products are washed out of the body.

The herbs with a diuretic and laxative effect include: dandelion root and burdock, thistle, echinacea, blueberry, horsetail and many others. As a rule, the pharmacy sells ready-made fees with a similar mechanism of action in the form of tea bags or tablets. For example, Detoxicol is a detoxification drug based on plant components and vitamins.

Well-known homeopathic medicines of the German company Heel: Lymphomyosot, Berberis-Homaccord, Nux vomica. The complex of these preparations not only removes slags, but also favorably affects many systems and organs at the cellular level.

How not to harm yourself by doing detoxification at home

детоксикаци гиповитаминоз It's important to remember one simple rule! Any drug for removing toxins from the body is not so harmless. The fact is that together with the slag, a certain percentage of substances useful for the body (vitamins, minerals, lipids and proteins) is also excreted. Many micronutrients are lost in urine and feces, so with diuretics and laxatives, one must be especially careful.

When carrying out detoxification at home, there is a risk of hypovitaminosis, loss of electrolytes and metabolic disorders, worsening of endocrine and immune systems, which can lead to the development of dangerous diseases and complications.

Before any procedure related to the removal of toxins from the body, it is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo the minimal necessary examination (blood and urine analysis, ultrasound of internal organs, ECG).

The detoxification program, its duration and the drugs used are also prescribed by the doctor in charge! Properly conducted procedure under the supervision of a specialist will benefit and will not cause any complications.

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