Diet for poisoning in adults
Poisoning - this word can cause unpleasant memories in many people. It would seem, nothing foretells its occurrence, but it suddenly appears, and the person is compelled to urgently do something.
Food poisoning most often occurs after consuming poor-quality food. In this regard, the main symptoms will be severe abdominal pain, spasms, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, severe weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, sometimes a rise in temperature. Therefore, let's find out how to help your body recover with a diet, what products contribute to replenishment of lost forces, and what, on the contrary, to eat is undesirable.
Why you need a diet after poisoning
To adhere to a strict diet after poisoning is the main method of treatment. The main purposes of the diet for poisoning in adults are:
- reduction of fluid loss in the body, electrolytes - replenishment of water-salt balance;
- create sparing conditions in the intestines - for the speedy healing of the mucosa, the restoration of the epithelium;
- provide the body with vitamins, restore the lost protein, avoid depletion of the body.
Principles of following a diet after food poisoning
So, on the first day of poisoning it is better to fast - to drink more liquid, better herbal tea with lemon, compote, nothing to eat. Drinking should be warm, used in small portions, so as not to provoke vomiting - about two liters per day.
Such a diet for poisoning will help the body to remove all toxins.
On the second day, if the body is not required, then you do not need to force yourself to eat anything. It is better to drink something nutritious in a liquid form - jelly, broth, yogurt. You can add a piece of breadcrumbs or yesterday's bread.
As soon as you have an appetite, very many make a mistake - they try to eat more and this provokes a relapse of the disease - the mucous membrane of the intestines that does not have time to recover again starts to ache, besides, the weakened organism produces few enzymes. All this again causes pain and malaise. Therefore, the intake of food should be frequent, but in small portions. The dishes themselves should be eaten in a warm form.
Recommended and prohibited products
In the first days after any poisoning the human body is weakened, so do not overload it with fats and carbohydrates, as they require considerable energy costs for their assimilation. The best option is to add a droplet of oil to the finished dish. Vegetables are better for boiling. Fruits can cause fermentation in the intestines - beware of excessive intake. In no case can you limit the protein. During the poisoning the body loses the protein in large quantities, so the main emphasis in making a diet for food poisoning in adults should be on protein dishes.
Recommended dishes for food poisoning:
- cereals from cereals, it is possible on milk;
- Soups made from cereals, on lean broth;
- meat or fish soufflé, mashed potatoes, meatballs and chicken cutlets, steamed, from low-fat meat;
- low-fat grated cottage cheese, yogurt without additives, one-day kefir;
- steam omelet, eggs;
- Roasted biscuits, lean cookies;
- vegetables and fruits - cooked and crushed.
All dishes should be cooked steamed, in a double boiler or served boiled, warm.
In no case should food poisoning use the following foods:
- white cabbage and dishes from it;
- dishes from meat, poultry, fish of fatty varieties, canned in oil;
- all kinds of beans and soybeans;
- raw vegetables and fruits;
- spices, sauces, fatty, spicy, smoked dishes;
- whole milk.
All these products can only exert an irritating effect on the fragile stomach.
Diet with liver intoxication
When liver intoxication experts recommend compliance with a particularly strict diet. It is necessary to exclude the intake of foods rich in oxalic acid: garlic, radish, radish, sorrel. Coffee and tea should also be restricted. Categorically prohibited alcohol. Limit refractory fats: margarine, sour cream, cream, butter. Banned all canned food, sausage, hot cheese, fat broths, egg dishes, chocolate, cakes, pastries.
What can you eat? In this case, the following dishes are suitable:
- low-fat fish;
- vegetable soups, dairy, cereals;
- boiled vegetables, fruits, vegetable dishes;
- dairy products.
Try not to overload the liver - eat everything in small portions, but every three hours.
Diet for alcohol poisoning
Alcohol poisoning can occur not only when it is used excessively, but also after a poor-quality drink. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning are almost the same as in food poisoning, but the danger to human life and health is greater. In a diet with alcohol poisoning, it is recommended to adhere to the same principles that were given above: drink more liquid (decoction of herbs, tea with honey, compote), with vomiting urges they do not contain - the body needs to be cleaned, and then again to drink water.
There is better all in a liquid, wiped kind: porridges, kissels, broths. From reception of firm food it is better to refrain two days. Then a few days there is only boiled, steamed. Strong and carbonated drinks are prohibited.
Diet for intestinal poisoning
When intestinal poisoning is more concerned about the liquid stool than vomiting. But the person also needs to restore the water-salt balance, make up for the loss of fluid.
The first day becomes unloading - hunger and peace. Drink at least two liters of liquid per day: clean water, compote, kissel, broths of herbs (thyme, chamomile, mint).
Then slowly enter the diet of mucous soups: oatmeal, buckwheat, rice. Suitable is a thin broth without fat, wiped vegetables and fruits. Help to fix the intestine white crackers. You can use dried yesterday's bread.
This diet for intestinal poisoning is better to stick to about five days, gradually introducing into the diet, solid food: mashed potatoes, steam omelet, meatballs from lean and chicken meat.
Symptoms of poisoning are very unpleasant and can bother people for several days. Help in this case can the right diet. Its main postulate is that everything should be taken in liquid, wiped form, little by little, but often. The liquid is better to take in a warm form, in small portions, at least two liters for the whole day. This will help to remove all toxins and eliminate the effects of poisoning. Eat everything freshly cooked, cooked or in a saucepan, or on a double boiler. Fruit compotes, broths of herbs with honey - will perfectly restore the deficit of salts, vitamins and trace elements. Porridge, slimy soups, broths - a variety of dishes will help brighten up these sad days. If the diet does not bring relief, then a specialist consultation is required.
It is not necessary to poison the weakened organism with medicines, but in severe cases they are simply vital. In the future, try to avoid poisoning - do not eat in an unfamiliar place, carefully check the shelf life of food, do not self-medicate - drug poisoning is much harder to cure. Alcohol is better to take in a very small quantity and quality. All these precautions will help to maintain health for many years.