Diet for adult poisoning
Poisoning - this word can cause unpleasant memories for many people. It would seem that nothing portends its occurrence, but it suddenly appears, and a person is forced to do something urgently.
Food poisoning most often occurs after eating substandard food. In this regard, the main symptoms are sharp abdominal pain, cramps, nausea, retching, diarrhea, severe weakness, dizziness, dry mouth, and sometimes a rise in temperature. Therefore, let's find out how to help your body recover with the help of a diet, which products contribute to replenishing lost forces, and what, on the contrary, is undesirable to eat.
Why do I need a diet after poisoning
Follow a strict diet after poisoning - this is the main method of treatment. The main goals of a diet for adult poisoning are:
- reduction of fluid loss in the body, electrolytes - replenishment of water-salt balance;
- create sparing conditions in the intestines - for the fastest healing of the mucous membrane, restoration of the epithelium;
- provide the body with vitamins, restore lost protein, avoid depletion of the body.
Principles of compliance with diet after food poisoning
So, on the first day of poisoning it is better to fast - drink more liquid, better than herbal tea with lemon, stewed fruit, do not eat anything. Drinking should be warm, consumed in small portions, so as not to provoke vomiting - about two liters per day.
Such a diet with poisoning will help the body remove all toxins.
On the second day, if the body is not required, then you do not need to force yourself to eat anything. It is better to drink something nutritionally in liquid form - jelly, broth, yogurt. You can add a slice of crackers or yesterday's bread.
As soon as the appetite appears, many people make a mistake - they try to eat more and provoke a relapse of the disease - the intestinal mucosa that does not have time to recover begins to hurt again, besides, the weakened body produces little enzymes. All this again causes pain and malaise. Therefore, food intake should be frequent, but in small portions. The dishes themselves should be eaten warm.
Recommended and prohibited products
In the first days after any poisoning, the human body is weakened, so you should not overload it with fats and carbohydrates, as they require significant energy costs for their absorption. The best option is to add a drop of butter to the finished dish. Vegetables better to boil. Fruits can cause fermentation in the intestines — be careful not to take them excessively. In no case can you limit protein. During poisoning, the body loses protein in large quantities, so the main focus when drawing up a diet for food poisoning in adults should be on protein foods.
Recommended dishes for food poisoning:
- cereal cereal, you can milk;
- soups, made from cereals, in lean broth;
- meat or fish souffle, mashed potatoes, meatballs and meatballs, steamed, made from lean meat;
- low-fat grated curd, plain yogurt, one-day kefir;
- steam omelette, eggs;
- soaked crackers, lean cookies;
- vegetables and fruits - cooked and chopped.
All dishes are best steamed, in a double boiler or served boiled, warm.
In no case the following products should be consumed in food poisoning:
- white cabbage and dishes from it;
- dishes of meat, poultry, fatty fish, canned in oil;
- all types of legumes and soybeans;
- raw vegetables and fruits;
- spices, sauces, fatty, spicy, smoked dishes;
- whole milk.
All of these products can only irritate the immature stomach.
Diet with liver intoxication
When liver intoxication experts recommend adherence to a very strict diet. It is necessary to exclude the intake of foods rich in oxalic acid: garlic, radish, radish, sorrel. Coffee and tea should also be cut. Alcohol is strictly prohibited. Limit the refractory fats: margarine, sour cream, cream, butter. All canned food, sausage, spicy sorts of cheese, fatty broths, egg dishes, chocolate, cakes, pastries are banned.
What can you eat? In this case, the following dishes will do:
- low-fat fish;
- vegetable, dairy, cereal soups;
- boiled vegetables, fruits, vegetable dishes;
- dairy products.
Try not to overload the liver - eat everything in small portions, but every three hours.
Diet with alcohol poisoning
Alcohol poisoning can occur not only when it is consumed excessively, but also after a low-quality beverage. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning are almost the same as in food poisoning, but the danger to human life and health is greater. In the diet for alcohol poisoning, it is recommended to adhere to the same principles that were cited above: drink more liquid (decoction of herbs, tea with honey, compote), with emetic urges not to restrain them - the body needs to be cleaned, and then drink water again.
There is better everything in a liquid, wiped form: porridge, jelly, broth. From the intake of solid food is better to abstain for two days. Then a few days there is only boiled, steamed. Strong and carbonated drinks are prohibited.
Diet for intestinal poisoning
In case of intestinal poisoning of a person, loose stools are more concerned than vomiting. But man also needs to restore the water-salt balance, to compensate for the loss of fluid.
The first day becomes fasting - hunger and peace. Drink at least two liters of liquid per day: clear water, compote, jelly, decoctions of herbs (thyme, chamomile, mint).
Then mucous soups are introduced into the diet: oatmeal, buckwheat, rice. A weak broth without fat, grated vegetables and fruits will do. White croutons will help to fix intestines. You can use dried yesterday's bread.
Such a diet for intestinal poisoning is better to adhere to about five days, gradually introducing into the diet, solid food: mashed potatoes, steam omelette, meatballs from lean meat and chicken.
Symptoms of poisoning are very unpleasant and can bother a person for several days. Help in this case will be able to correct diet. Its main postulate is that everything needs to be taken in a liquid, wiped form, little by little, but often. Liquid is better to take in the form of heat, in small portions, at least two liters per day. This will help remove all toxins and eliminate the effects of poisoning. Eat everything freshly cooked, cooked in a saucepan or in a double boiler. Fruit compotes, decoctions of herbs with honey - perfectly restore the deficit of salts, vitamins and microelements. Porridges, mucous soups, broths - a variety of dishes will help brighten up these sad days. If the diet does not bring relief to the state, consultation with a specialist is required.
It is not necessary to poison the weakened body with drugs, but in severe cases they are simply vital. In the future, try to avoid poisoning - do not eat in an unfamiliar place, carefully check the shelf life of food, do not self-medicate - drug poisoning is much more difficult to cure. Alcohol is best taken in very small quantities and quality. All these precautions will help to maintain health for many years.