Dioxin - what is it?
In today's world, people often prefer not to notice the dangers in the environment, believing that the most harmful is malnutrition, psychological stress and hard work. Not many people know about the harmful filling of the beloved and irreplaceable products that surround us with water and air. For example, not everyone has heard of dioxins and their effects on the human body. Nevertheless, these are the poisons that can not only damage a person once, but also accumulate in the body for further attacks.
What are the dangerous dioxins and what organs of the human body do they affect in the first place? Let's find out, as well as the consequences of their ingestion and help with poisoning.
What is dioxin
Dioxin is a complex chemical compound, more precisely, a group of compounds, a derivative of organic chemistry. It is obtained as a result of combustion or thermal processing of many substances containing bromine and chlorine. These are the connections to touch and feel which we can not. But if they enter the human body, they remain there for a long time, because they are cumulative (accumulating) poisons, and subsequent dioxin inputs result in faster accumulation to a critical level. The half-life of dioxin in the human body is from 7 to 11 years.
These solid compounds are practically insoluble in water, penetrating into a person with water, food (more often with products of natural origin) and air.
Dioxins are in the environment thanks to the chemical industry. People living near plants for processing plastics and polyethylene, paper, fertilizers - are more prone to infection with such products. But not only they, because dioxins are everywhere.
Boiling of chlorinated water is one of the ways of getting these poisons into the body. But this does every day.
- Dioxins are found in the water, due to ingress of fertilizers from the beds into the sewage through the sewage system.
- In the air in the form of minute microparticles.
- In the wild with the use of birds and animals of grasses that germinate near water bodies containing these chemical compounds. On the food chain, such small and large animals can enter the human body (when eating meat of wild animals).
Due to the cycle of compounds in nature, dioxins are found in food products. Accumulate these substances mainly in adipose tissue, but in order to destroy them, it is necessary to create specific conditions - the combustion temperature must be at least 900 ° C.
Dioxins and their effect on the human body
As already mentioned, dioxin not only accumulates in adipose tissue over time, but decomposes too slowly. And the daily intake of poison with food and air leads to significant health problems. The danger is that a person does not feel this substance. Does not smell dioxin, can not distinguish it to taste or see because of a small amount.
The lethal or lethal dose of dioxin for humans is 10 to minus the sixth power per kilogram of weight. And all that is less than this indicator leads to visible diseases and imperceptible pathologies. What is the cause of this action of substances?
- Dioxin significantly reduces immunity, acting directly on the process of cell division.
- Promotes oncological formations.
- It disrupts the work of receptors, that is, those structures that are responsible for communication and the work of organs.
In general, the negative effect on the body of dioxin can be reduced to the following general mechanisms.
Affects the work of the immune system, worsening the normal functioning of the organs responsible for this function (thymus, circulatory system).
- One of the dangerous effects of toxic effects on humans is dioxin - a teratogenic effect. Accumulating in the sex cells, leads to a violation of the reproductive function (infertility is developing) or the emergence of a generation with mutations.
- At a young age, it slows down the process of sexual maturation of a man - both in men and in women.
- It inhibits metabolic processes, disrupts balance in the body and reduces the functions of endocrine glands.
- Promotes the development of cancer.
These are all the remote consequences of daily use, albeit not on your own, of dioxin poison. Acute illnesses look a little different.
Acute poisoning does not have specific signs, it is difficult to guess about the presence of dioxin intoxication. Any dose can cause the following symptoms.
The prodromal period lasts 1-4 days. At this time, a person may be disturbed by a slight deterioration in health, weakness, nausea, mild dizziness. These are the usual symptoms that are observed in any acute, including viral, disease.
- If the substance has got on a skin - an itch and reddening of integuments, purulent defeats.
- Deterioration of vision, severe weakness, persistent headaches.
- When poisoning with dioxin worsens the nervous system and endocrine: there is drowsiness, irritability, decreased appetite, often losing weight.
- The healing process is much slower.
In addition, dioxin can significantly enhance the effect of other toxic substances, such as lead, mercury, radiation, nitrates.
Treatment and first aid for poisoning
Even an experienced specialist at the first sign of acute dioxin poisoning will not be able to determine its cause. It is practically impossible to learn this, except for cases of mass poisoning, when the cause was an explosion at a local chemical processing plant. Therefore, first aid for intoxication with dioxins is in general recommendations.
- It is necessary to provide access to oxygen for the injured person.
- Rinse the stomach.
- Deliver the victim to the intensive care unit of the nearest hospital.
All further treatment is completely performed in a hospital, under the supervision of toxicologists and resuscitators. Most often, symptomatic therapy is performed with the appointment of plasma-substituting solutions in large quantities.
Prevention of dioxin poisoning
How to remove dioxins from the body? This is a kind of prevention of acute poisoning. There is no clear and comprehensive answer to this question. He includes rules of personal safety and the right way of life.
- Do not fish in water near chemical plants (this also applies to hunting).
- Do not eat questionable products without a certificate, especially garden products.
- Use high-quality water filters that clean up chlorine compounds.
- Try not to burn polyethylene products yourself and do not dispose of chemical compounds.
While the definition of dioxin in food is difficult due to the lack of the necessary number of laboratories in the country, and its chemical properties do not allow to detect this substance in the environment, the only way to protect is the correct behavior of a person.