Is Phenibut Addictive and Overdose Possible?
Many consider Phenibut to be a cure for anxiety; for some, its presence in a pocket adds courage. There are opinions on the effectiveness of Phenibut for various nervous disorders. On the forums you can find both positive and negative reviews of people taking it. Someone even says that it causes addiction, and someone consumes the drug in large doses and is satisfied with life.
How correct are these judgments in reality? Let's try to find out what kind of medicine it is, how it affects the body, when it is used, whether it is addictive. Talk about the symptoms and treatment of Phenibut overdose.
Phenibut - what is it
What is it - Phenibut? First of all, it is a nootropic agent, that is, it affects the function of the cerebral cortex: thinking, attention, memory, speech, criticism, etc.
Phenibut improves the transmission of nerve impulses in the central nervous system through special molecules called GABA receptors. It improves blood circulation in the brain tissue by increasing blood flow through the vessels in the microcirculation zones. By reducing the adherence of platelets, phenibut improves the rheological (circulating) ability of the blood. Due to this effect, the drug relieves nervous tension, anxiety, has a calming, psychostimulating effect (makes mental activity more productive), improves sleep. A positive effect on performance is associated with effects on the choline and adrenal receptors. Course acceptance stimulates an interest in life, increases motivation for normal activities.
However, the drug is not essential in the treatment of anxiety disorders, but is used in combination with other drugs. Is Phenibut a universal remedy for depression and anxiety? Let's find out.
Phenibut is considered to have low toxicity. It is well absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, evenly distributed in the body. Its destruction occurs in the liver. Phenibut does not accumulate in the body and begins to leave after 3 hours. The content of the drug in the brain tissue gradually decreases after 6 hours. Phenibut is eliminated from the body mostly by the kidneys, and only a small amount of it - from the bile through the intestines.
The maximum dosage per day should not exceed 2.5 grams with adequate work of the liver and kidneys. The largest single dose - 750 mg for an adult. Exceeding the permissible dose leads to Phenibut poisoning.
Symptoms and treatment of overdose
Phenibut poisoning is characterized by the following symptoms:
- increased sleepiness;
- nausea, vomiting;
- lowering blood pressure, palpitations;
- renal dysfunction with the formation of their failure.
Prolonged use of elevated doses of the drug leads to fatty degeneration of liver cells, followed by disruption of its work. The occurrence of acute liver failure is also not excluded. Intoxication also reduces eosinophils in the blood.
The treatment of Phenibut poisoning is based on following general instructions. Conducted gastric lavage to clean water. Since part of the drug is excreted in the bile to prevent re-entry into the blood, the procedure is repeated. Activated carbon is prescribed for several days. A special antidote that could neutralize the drug in the body has not yet been invented. If necessary, conduct hemosorption, forced diuresis, hemodialysis. According to indications, symptomatic remedies are prescribed to maintain the cardiovascular system, respiration, and liver function. The prescription of additional drugs in the treatment of phenibut poisoning is largely determined by the situation.
Is addictive Phenibut
In general, any dependence can be mental and physical. Mental - implies an emotional attraction to the subject of addiction and its use in order to calm, relieve tension, achieve mental comfort. Physical dependence occurs when the body becomes so accustomed to the drug that it is included in the metabolism and abstinence develops when it is canceled, which is characterized by various functional disorders.
Is addictive Phenibut? Prolonged use of pills (more than 6 weeks) can provoke not only mental but also physical dependence, when discontinuation of a condition worsens a person's condition so much that he resumes his consumption. The addiction to Phenibut, possibly, by using different combinations of it with other drugs, for many, this causes the desired or unexpected euphoria. This can be avoided if you strictly adhere to the recommendations of the doctor on the dose and duration of the course of treatment, combined with other medications. And in case of any questions, contact a professional.
How long can you take Phenibut
The course of treatment with Phenibutum is determined only by a doctor. It all depends on the purpose of his appointment, the severity of the disease. Some patients will benefit from courses for 2 weeks with a break, others are advised to take the medicine for a month. The doctor may prescribe a single application, in certain situations. Therefore, expert advice on this matter is necessary.
This nootropic is prescribed - 3 times a day, if it is necessary to maintain a certain concentration in the body for a certain time, since the half-life of Phenibut is 6-8 hours. In certain cases, use a single dose at night.
Phenibut and alcohol
The drug enhances the action of alcoholic beverages. Therefore, if the doctor prescribed this drug, you can not drink alcohol for the period of treatment. Although this "no" is often ignored, and some specifically combine tablets with alcohol.
This nootropin is used to reduce craving for alcohol with withdrawal syndrome. Narcologists prescribe it for the treatment of delirium tremens. Phenibut is not used for alcohol intoxication. It is also not a means of excretion from binge.
Having considered the peculiarities of the influence of Phenibut on the organism, what conclusion can be drawn? The drug helps many patients to overcome diseases associated with increased anxiety, reduced interest in life, poor performance, neurosis, and other neurological and mental disorders. He is assigned to children. It helps one well, others relieves it for a while. There is a category of people who have not seen a positive effect. Proper use as prescribed by a doctor will help to cope with the disease and will not cause addiction, as well as prevent an overdose of Phenibut.