Whether Phobia is an addictive and whether overdose is possible
Many people consider Phenibut to be a means of alarm, some of it in their pocket gives courage. There are opinions on the effectiveness of Phenibut in various nervous disorders. On the forums, you can find both positive and negative feedback from the people who received it. Someone even says that it causes dependence, and someone consumes the drug in large doses and is satisfied with life.
How correct are these judgments in fact? Let's try to find out what kind of medicine it is, how it affects the body, when it is used, whether it is addictive. Let's talk about the symptoms and treatment of an overdose with Phenibut.
Phenibut - what is it?
What is Fenibut? First of all, it is a nootropic remedy, that is, it affects the functions of the cerebral cortex: thinking, attention, memory, speech, criticism, etc.
Phenibut improves the transmission of nerve impulses in the central nervous system through special molecules called GABA receptors. It improves blood circulation in the brain tissue by increasing blood flow through the vessels, in the microcirculation zones. By reducing the adhesion of platelets, phenibut improves the rheological (circulating) ability of the blood. Thanks to this effect, the drug relieves nervous tension, anxiety, calming, psycho-stimulating effect (makes mental activity more productive), improves sleep. A positive effect on performance is associated with exposure to choline and adrenaline receptors. Coursework stimulates interest in life, increases motivation for ordinary activities.
However, the drug is not the main one in the treatment of anxiety disorders, but is used in combination with other medicines. Is Phenibut a universal remedy for depression and anxiety? Let's find out.
It is believed that Phenibut has a low toxicity. It is well absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, evenly distributed in the body. Its destruction occurs in the liver. Fenibut does not accumulate in the body and starts to leave it after 3 hours. The content of the drug in the brain tissues gradually decreases after 6 hours. Phenibut is excreted from the body mostly by the kidneys, and only a small amount - with bile through the intestine.
The maximum dosage per day should not exceed 2.5 grams with adequate work of the liver and kidneys. The largest single dose is 750 mg for an adult. Exceeding the permissible dose leads to poisoning with phenibut.
Symptoms and treatment of an overdose
Poisoning with Phenibutum is characterized by the following symptoms:
- increased drowsiness;
- nausea, vomiting;
- decreased blood pressure, palpitations;
- a violation of kidney function with the formation of their insufficiency.
Long-term use of increased doses of the drug leads to fatty degeneration of liver cells with subsequent disruption of its work. The emergence of acute liver failure is also possible. Intoxication also reduces eosinophils in the blood.
Treatment of Phenibut poisoning is based on the following general instructions. The stomach is washed to clean water. Since part of the drug is secreted with bile to prevent re-entry into the blood, the procedure is repeated. Activated charcoal is assigned for several days. A special antidote, which could neutralize the drug in the body, has not yet been invented. If necessary, hemosorption, forced diuresis, hemodialysis. According to the indications, symptomatic agents are prescribed for the maintenance of the cardiovascular system, respiration, and liver function. The appointment of additional drugs in the treatment of poisoning with Phenibutum is largely determined by the situation.
Does the habit of Phenibut
In general, any dependence can be mental and physical. Mental - implies an emotional attraction to the subject of addiction and its use with the goal of calm, relieve tension, achieve mental comfort. Physical dependence arises when the body becomes so accustomed to the drug that it is included in the metabolism and when it abolishes the development of abstinence, which is characterized by various functional disorders.
Is Fenibut getting used? Prolonged use of tablets (more than 6 weeks) can provoke not only mental, but also physical dependence, when the termination of reception so worsens a person's condition, that he renews his consumption. Adapting to Phenibutum, perhaps, when using various combinations of it with other drugs, in many this causes a desired or unexpected euphoria. This can be avoided by clearly adhering to the doctor's recommendations for doses and duration of treatment, combining with other medications. And in case of any questions, contact a professional.
How long can I take Phenibut
The course of treatment with Phenibutum is determined only by a doctor. Everything depends on the purpose of his appointment, the severity of the disease. One patient will benefit from courses for 2 weeks with a break, others recommend taking the medicine within a month. A doctor can appoint a one-time application, under certain situations. Therefore, a specialist consultation on this matter is necessary.
Assign this nootropum - 3 times a day, if it is necessary to maintain a certain concentration in the body for a certain time, since the half-life of Fenibut is 6-8 hours. In certain cases, a one-time reception is used at night.
Phenibut and alcohol
The drug enhances the effect of alcoholic beverages. Therefore, if the doctor has prescribed this drug, you can not drink alcohol during the treatment period. Although this "impossible" is very often ignored, and some specially combine tablets with alcohol.
This nootropum is used to reduce the craving for alcohol with an abstinence syndrome. Narcologists prescribe it and to treat white fever. Fenibut with alcohol intoxication is not used. He is also not a means of getting out of the binge.
Having examined the peculiarities of the influence of Fenibut on the body, what conclusion can be drawn? The drug helps many patients to overcome diseases associated with increased anxiety, decreased interest in life, poor performance, neurosis and other neurological and mental disorders. He is also assigned to children. One helps well, the other only relieves the condition for a while. There is a category of people who have not seen a positive effect. Correct use by appointment of a doctor will help cope with the disease and will not become addictive, and will prevent an overdose of Phenibutum.