Food poisoning during pregnancy - how to determine and what to do
The state of pregnancy is perhaps the most beautiful thing in the life of every woman. Waiting for a baby is filled with joy, and with it a little excitement for his well-being. A pregnant woman tries to follow the proper diet and listens more attentively to her health. Nevertheless, not all future moms manage to avoid all the troubles in 9 months.
One of these problems is food poisoning. Incidentally, the risk of food intoxication during pregnancy increases significantly and this is due to the peculiarities of the female body. Here are some of them:
- Immunity during pregnancy is reduced and the body becomes more susceptible to any infections, including gastrointestinal intoxication.
- Diversity in nutrition dictates the need to try new dishes, vegetables or fruits. Everyone, of course, heard about such a concept as taste perversion during pregnancy (the desire to eat incompatible or unusual foods).
- The intensive work of all organs and systems during pregnancy leads to their overstretching and malfunction. For example, future mothers often suffer from heartburn, belching, bloating, and constipation. Against the background of such symptoms, food poisoning with foods that would not cause intoxication outside of pregnancy is quite easy.
Causes of food poisoning in pregnant women
The most common causes are food poisoning.
This group includes:
- expired products;
- spoiled food (due to improper storage conditions);
- contamination of food by pathogenic bacteria or their toxins (E. coli, staphylococcus in creams, cakes, milk).
The second group of poisonings is the consumption of poisonous plants, mushrooms, or inedible chemicals (for example, accidental use). As a result, any intoxication during pregnancy leads to symptoms of acute poisoning.
Signs of food poisoning in pregnant women
At the initial stage, discomfort appears:
- lack of appetite;
- belching or heartburn;
- headache or dizziness;
Gradually, the symptoms intensify and abdominal pain occurs due to spasm of the smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines. It is said that the pain in case of poisoning may not be at all.
Nausea and vomiting join after 30 minutes - a few hours after eating food. For pregnant women, severe repeated vomiting is dangerous, since it leads to intense contractions of the uterus, which is especially dangerous in early pregnancy.
Upset stool (diarrhea) also poses a threat to the mother, increasing the tone of the uterus.
Vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration of the female body, loss of vitamins and electrolytes, thickening of the blood and the risk of thrombosis in the veins of the lower extremities and the placenta, the release of oxytocin into the bloodstream.
With severe poisoning, such severe symptoms as collapse (drop in blood pressure), fever up to 39–40 degrees Celsius, hypovolemic shock (a significant decrease in blood volume due to fluid loss), toxic shock, hallucinations and convulsions are possible. The latter are very dangerous for both the mother and the fetus.
It is difficult to say at what period of pregnancy food poisoning is the most dangerous. The answer to this question will depend on the individual characteristics of the organism, the type of toxin, the severity of the symptoms. For example, poisoning during pregnancy in the early stages can cause miscarriage . Many poisons do not pass through the placental barrier, so do not cause any harm to the baby. However, the above complications can affect the fetus in the most negative way.
Toxins of poisonous mushrooms, some drugs, alcohol still penetrate the placenta, so you should be especially careful with them.
What should pregnant women do if they develop symptoms of food poisoning? How to give yourself and your baby first aid?
Treatment of food poisoning during pregnancy
The treatment is the same as in other groups of patients, only more gentle.
All types of sorbents (Enterosgel, Smekta, Polysorb) are actively used. Many are interested in the question, is it possible to drink activated carbon in pregnant women during poisoning? Of course, you can and even need! Only for effective absorption of toxins in the stomach, it is necessary to take at least 4-6 tablets of coal in a single dose. Other types of sorbents are drunk either in the early stages of intoxication (in case of indisposition) or after vomiting.
Constant fluid replenishment in small portions is a very important stage in the treatment of food poisoning in pregnant women. As a rule, 1–2 tablespoons of a solution of Regidron or mineral water every 15 minutes until the dry mouth disappears. Such a simple treatment prevents the development of many complications of intoxication.
The use of antidiarrheal and antiemetic drugs in pregnant women is prohibited at any time, provided there is a mild course of food poisoning. In severe cases, drugs are injected intramuscularly or drip into a vein in the hospital under the supervision of a physician.
Let's talk about what you can eat for pregnant women with poisoning. On the first day of treatment, it is better to refuse to eat, taking only sweet tea or non-carbonated mineral water. Then it is necessary to expand the diet gradually, starting with porridge on the water, kissels, broths, eggs, steam cutlets and chicken meat.
In mild cases of poisoning, pregnant women can be treated at home. During treatment, doctors advise to carefully listen to your body and baby as well. Strengthening or slowing movements of the fetus in late pregnancy, a change in his heartbeat, pain in the abdomen may indicate any trouble.
Severe intoxications (especially mushrooms!) With repeated vomiting and diarrhea require the immediate hospitalization of a pregnant woman at any time and treatment in the intensive care unit.
Prevention of food poisoning during pregnancy
It is enough just to remember that the prevention of any poisoning comes down to washing your hands before eating and eating only high-quality and proven products. Only then will there be no unpleasant consequences of poisoning during pregnancy.
Future moms, be especially attentive to your health and then all the troubles will bypass you and your baby's side!