Food poisoning during pregnancy - how to identify and what to do
The state of pregnancy is perhaps the most beautiful thing in the life of every woman. Waiting for the baby is filled with joy, and with it, and a slight excitement for his well-being. A pregnant woman tries to follow a proper diet and listens more attentively to her health. Nevertheless, all the future mothers can not avoid all troubles in 9 months.
One such problem is food poisoning. By the way, the risk of intoxication with food during pregnancy increases significantly and this is due to the characteristics of the female body. Here are some of them:
- Immunity during pregnancy decreases and the body becomes more prone to any infections, including gastrointestinal intoxications.
- Diversity in nutrition dictates the need to try new dishes, vegetables or fruits. Everyone, of course, heard about such a concept as a taste perversion during pregnancy (the desire to eat incompatible or unusual foods).
- Intensive work of all organs and systems during pregnancy leads to their overexertion and failures. For example, future mothers often suffer from heartburn, belching, bloating, constipation. Against the background of such symptoms, food poisoning with food that does not cause intoxication is quite easy to develop.
Causes of food poisoning in pregnant women
The most common causes are food poisoning.
This group includes:
- overdue products;
- spoiled products (due to improper storage conditions);
- contamination of food by pathogenic bacteria or their toxins (E. coli, staphylococcus in creams, cakes, milk).
The second group of poisonings is the consumption of poisonous plants, mushrooms or inedible chemicals (for example, accidental consumption). As a result, any intoxication during pregnancy leads to the appearance of symptoms of acute poisoning.
Signs of food poisoning in pregnant women
At the initial stage, discomfort appears:
- lack of appetite;
- belching or heartburn;
- headache or mild dizziness;
Gradually, the symptoms increase and there are abdominal pains caused by a spasm of the smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines. It is worth saying that there can be no pain at poisoning at all.
Nausea and vomiting attach after 30 minutes - a few hours after eating. For pregnant women, a strong multiple vomiting is dangerous, since it leads to intensive contractions of the uterus, which is especially dangerous in the early stages of pregnancy.
Stool disorder (diarrhea) also poses a threat to the mother, increasing the tone of the uterus.
Vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration of the female body, loss of vitamins and electrolytes, blood clotting and the risk of thrombosis in the veins of the lower limbs and placenta, the release of oxytocin into the bloodstream.
With severe poisoning, such formidable symptoms as collapse (drop in blood pressure), fever to 39-40 degrees Celsius, hypovolemic shock (significant decrease in blood volume due to fluid loss), infectious-toxic shock, hallucinations and convulsions are possible. The latter are very dangerous for both the mother and the fetus.
It is difficult to say on what term of pregnancy food poisoning is most dangerous. The answer to this question will depend on the individual characteristics of the body, the type of toxin, the severity of the symptoms. For example, poisoning during pregnancy at an early age can provoke a miscarriage . Many poisons do not pass through the placental barrier, so they do not cause any harm to the baby. Nevertheless, the above complications can affect the fetus in the most negative way.
Toxins of poisonous fungi, some drugs, alcohol still penetrate through the placenta, so it's worth to be especially careful with them.
What should I do if I have symptoms of food poisoning? How can I give myself and my baby first aid?
Treatment of food poisoning in pregnancy
Treatment is the same as with other groups of patients, only more sparing.
All kinds of sorbents are actively used (Enterosgel, Smecta, Polysorb). Many people are interested in the question, is it possible to drink activated carbon for pregnant women during poisoning? Of course, you can and even need it! Only here for effective absorption of toxins that fall into the stomach, take no less than 4-6 tablets of coal per reception. Other types of sorbents are drunk either in the early stages of intoxication (with malaise) or after vomiting.
Constant liquid replenishment in small portions is a very important step in the treatment of food poisoning in pregnant women. As a rule, 1-2 tablespoons of a solution of Regidron or mineral water every 15 minutes until the dryness in the mouth disappears. This simple treatment prevents the development of many complications of intoxication.
The use of antidiarrheal and antiemetic drugs in pregnant women is prohibited at any time, provided that there is a slight course of food poisoning. In severe cases, drugs are injected intramuscularly or drip into a vein in a hospital under the supervision of a doctor.
Let's talk on the topic that you can eat pregnant with poisoning. In the first day of treatment, it is better to give up eating, taking only sweet tea or non-carbonated mineral water. Then the diet should be gradually expanded starting with porridge on water, kissels, broths, eggs, steam cutlets and chicken.
In mild cases of poisoning, pregnant women can be treated at home. During treatment, doctors advise you to listen carefully to your body and the baby, including. The intensification or slowing down of fetal movements in late pregnancy, a change in his heart rate, and abdominal pain may indicate some kind of unhappiness.
Severe intoxications (especially fungi!) With multiple vomiting and diarrhea require immediate hospitalization of the pregnant woman at any time and treatment in the intensive care unit.
Preventing food poisoning in pregnancy
It is enough to remember that the prevention of any poisoning reduces to washing hands before eating and using only quality and tested products. Only then the unpleasant consequences of poisoning during pregnancy will not be.
Future moms, be especially attentive to your health and then all the troubles will bypass you and your baby!