Intoxication with oncology and methods of cleaning the body
Many patients suffering from cancer, have experienced the manifestation of the syndrome of intoxication. So let's examine in this article, what symptoms are accompanied by intoxication in oncology? What awaits oncological patients in the terminal stage? What methods at home and in the hospital are able to maximally help the body with intoxication? Are there any national means of detoxification?
But first of all, it will be appropriate to understand the concepts. Many think that oncology, it's only cancerous tumors. In fact, oncology is a concept that unites all malignant tumors that arise in different organs and develops as a result of the degeneration of any tissue of the body. Cancer same intoxication a narrower term is a group of neoplasms from epithelial tissue and is a section of oncology.
Symptoms of an organism intoxication in cancer patients
Manifestations of oncological intoxication depend on the location of the tumor, the stage of the process, the size of the tumor, the presence of metastases, their number and other.
When the organism is intoxicated in cancer patients, the following symptoms are common:
- temperature increase;
- nausea, vomiting, unstable stool, decreased appetite;
- general weakness, fatigue, drowsiness;
- sensation of interruptions in the heart, tachycardia, changes in blood pressure;
- weight loss;
- possibly, the appearance of dyspnea;
- pallor of the skin, acrocyanosis (blue tip of the nose, ears), cyanosis of the lips;
- signs of renal and hepatic insufficiency;
- in the blood, the number of leukocytes and ESR (the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation) increases, the level of protein and erythrocytes decreases, and other changes occur.
In the terminal (ie, terminal) stage of oncological diseases, the symptoms of endotoxicosis are pronounced and occur most severely in comparison with the early phases. Patients experiencing a strong weakness, most of the day they lie. The mood is reduced, they are dull, irritable, apathetic, crying and anxious. There is practically no appetite. There is much depletion. Appears abnormal irregular, arrhythmic breathing. They sweat a lot, the temperature periodically rises. Oncological patients are familiar with the aching aching pain in muscles and joints. Blood pressure is reduced. The skin may have an icteric or even a grayish hue.
Methods of detoxification therapy in oncology
One of the reasons for the onset of intoxication in oncology in the early stages is the circulation of metabolic products of neoplastic cells in the blood, in the late stages - the disintegration of the tumor. Therefore, emphasis should be placed on the treatment of the underlying disease. Detoxification is carried out in preparation for surgical treatment, as well as during chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Each method of detoxification therapy in oncology has indications and contraindications. Their application largely depends on the clinical manifestations, the type of tumor, the state of the organism, the stage of the disease.
The method is based on the creation of blood dilution (hemodilution). Intravenous drip is administered up to several liters of solutions:
- sodium bicarbonate;
- albumin and others.
When the body floods, an injection of Furosemide is made. At the same time, cardiovascular parameters, respiratory function and other values of homeostasis are monitored.
This method is based on the installation of drainage in the abdominal cavity. In the upper tubes, pour up to 20 liters of liquid in the first day, and through the bottom it pours out itself.
Thus, toxins are washed out of the abdominal cavity. The procedure lasts 2-3 days.
Enterosorption consists in taking a sorbent in a large dose (up to 1 gram per kilogram of the patient's weight).
The patient takes the medication alone or is administered via a probe in a diluted state. The course of treatment lasts up to 5 days.
Indirect Oxidation of Blood
Indirect oxidation of blood is carried out with sodium hypochlorite (HCCH). Intravenously injected HCN, which is involved in detoxification with oncology of the liver, pancreas, kidneys, accompanied by their insufficiency.
Detoxication of toxins occurs due to the formation of active oxygen. By time, the session can last up to 6 hours. In total, 2-3 procedures are used to cleanse the body. Indirect oxidation is used in cases of multiple organ failure in severe patients.
Hemodialysis and filtration methods
With high blood creatinine (more than 800 mmol per liter), the development of metabolic acidosis, accompanied by a decrease in bicarbonate less than 15 mmol / l, hemodialysis is performed. The removal of toxins occurs with the aid of the apparatus "artificial kidney".
Hemodialysis is not performed with malignant tumors in advanced stages and in oncology of the hematopoietic system, as well as with 2 or more concomitant diseases. For each patient, an individual dialysis program is painted. The hemodialysis session lasts 4-5 hours.
If the hemodialysis is poorly tolerated, a temporary substitute for isolated ultrafiltration is used. It is effective in the case of development of edematous syndrome in cancer patients.
Hemofiltration consists of carrying blood through a hematological filter and replenishing the fluid with electrolyte solutions. Thus, substitution of up to 7 liters of fluid takes place without decreasing the volume of blood.
The hemodiafiltration is performed by the "artificial kidney" apparatus. The method consists in combining dialysis and filtration. In this case, the concentration of toxic substances with low and medium molecular weight decreases and at the same time - the electrolyte blood composition is corrected.
Hemosorption is used to remove toxins from the blood with large and medium molecular weight. Access is made to two veins. Blood is passed through a special apparatus with 200-400 grams of sorbent. The procedure lasts 50 minutes, spend it 2-3 times a day.
Hemosorption is contraindicated when:
- multiorgan insufficiency;
- low blood pressure;
- instability of cardiovascular parameters;
This method is based on plasma replacement. It is taken in the volume from 700 milliliters to one and a half liters during one procedure. Instead of it pour in:
- frozen plasma;
- protein solutions.
Detoxification is carried out for 1-4 procedures. Such methods of purification in oncology reduce the large-molecule compounds and, to a lesser extent, low-molecular compounds.
People's methods of cleaning the body with oncology
How else to get intoxication in oncology? There are folk methods that are based on the intake of vegetable doses in small doses with a smooth increase to a maximum and with a subsequent gradual decrease. Treatment is carried out under careful control of the general condition of the patient.
Apply phytotherapy to plant herbs with great caution, especially in weakened patients. Only a doctor prescribes this treatment. Further, gentle methods that can be used at home without limiting the dose will be given.
- Decoction of flax seeds, licorice root. One cup of broth can add one teaspoon of honey. If the acidity of the stomach is reduced, 1-2 tablespoons of sea buckthorn juice or pomegranate are added to the broth. Preparation: 1.5 tablespoons of seeds, a pinch of licorice root for 200 milliliters of water. Cook on a small fire for half an hour. Reception: half a cup every 2 hours, plus at night.
- Broth of Hercules boil on milk for 30 minutes, then strain.
- Tea made of needles of pine or fir, onion husks and dogrose. Pour boiling water and leave overnight. Take in any quantities.
With oncology, different methods of cleaning are used. Some of them can be spent in a hospital, some - out-patient and at home. The given national recipes can be used by everyone. The remaining methods of cleaning are performed under the guidance of a doctor, they are selected individually, taking into account the course of the disease, the development of intoxication and the patient's condition.