Intoxication in oncology and methods of cleaning the body

раковое заболевание Many patients suffering from oncological diseases experienced the manifestation of intoxication syndrome. Therefore, let us analyze in this article, what symptoms is accompanied by intoxication during oncology? What is waiting for cancer patients in the terminal stage? What methods at home and in hospital can help the body as much as possible during intoxication? Are there any folk detoxification products?

But above all, it would be appropriate to understand the concepts. Many people think that oncology is only cancer. In fact, oncology is a concept that unites all malignant tumors that occur in different organs and develop as a result of the degeneration of any tissue of the body. Cancer intoxication is a narrower term - it is a group of tumors from epithelial tissue and is a section of oncology.

Symptoms of intoxication in cancer patients

Manifestations of oncological intoxication depend on the location of the tumor, the stage of the process, the size of the tumor, the presence of metastases, their number and other things.

In case of intoxication of the organism in oncological patients, the following symptoms are observed:

  • headache;
  • temperature rise;
  • перебои в работе сердца nausea, vomiting, unstable stool, decreased appetite;
  • general weakness, fatigue, drowsiness;
  • feeling of heart failure, tachycardia, drops in blood pressure;
  • weight loss;
  • possibly the appearance of shortness of breath;
  • pallor of skin, acrocyanosis (blue tip of the nose, ears), cyanosis of the lips;
  • signs of renal and hepatic failure;
  • the number of leukocytes and ESR increases in the blood (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), the level of protein and erythrocytes decreases, and other changes occur.

In the terminal (that is, the final) stage of oncological diseases, the symptoms of endotoxicosis are pronounced and proceed most severely compared to the early phases. Patients experience strong weakness, most of the day they lie. The mood is reduced, they are sad, irritable, apathetic, tearful and anxious. Almost no appetite. There is much depletion. Abnormal irregular, irregular breathing appears. They sweat a lot, periodically the temperature rises. Cancer patients are familiar with constant aching pain in muscles and joints. Blood pressure is reduced. The skin may be jaundiced or even grayish.

Methods of detoxification therapy in oncology

One of the causes of intoxication in the body during oncology in the early stages is the circulation of the products of the metabolism of neoplasm cells in the blood, in the later stages, the disintegration of the tumor. Therefore, emphasis should be placed on the treatment of the underlying disease. Detoxification is carried out in preparation for surgical treatment, as well as during chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Each method of detoxification therapy in oncology has indications and contraindications. Their use largely depends on the clinical manifestations, the type of tumor, the state of the body, the stage of the disease.

Forced diuresis

введение глюкозы The method is based on the creation of blood dilution (hemodilution). Intravenous drip injected to several liters of solutions:

  • glucose;
  • sodium bicarbonate;
  • albumin and others.

When flooding of the body is reached, Furosemide is injected. At the same time, cardiovascular parameters, respiratory function and other homeostasis values ​​are controlled.

Peritoneal dialysis

This method is based on the installation of drainage in the abdominal cavity. Up to 20 liters of liquid are poured into the upper tubes in the first 24 hours, and through the lower tubes it pours out on its own.

Thus, toxins are washed out of the abdominal cavity. The procedure lasts 2–3 days.

Enterosorption

энтеросорбция Enterosorption consists in taking the sorbent in a large dose (up to 1 gram per 1 kg of the patient's weight).

The patient takes the medicine independently or is administered through a probe in a diluted state. The course of treatment lasts up to 5 days.

Indirect blood oxidation

Indirect blood oxidation is carried out using sodium hypochlorite (GHN). Intravenous GHN, which is involved in detoxification in oncology of the liver, pancreas, kidneys, accompanied by their failure.

Neutralization of toxins occurs due to the formation of active oxygen. By the time the session can last up to 6 hours. In total, 2-3 procedures are used for cleaning the body. Indirect oxidation is used in the case of multiple organ failure in severely ill patients.

Hemodialysis and filtration methods

гемодиализ With high blood creatinine (more than 800 mmol per liter), the development of metabolic acidosis, accompanied by a decrease in bicarbonates of less than 15 mmol / l, hemodialysis is performed. Removal of toxins occurs with the help of the “artificial kidney” apparatus.

Hemodialysis is not performed for malignant tumors in advanced stages and in the oncology of the hematopoietic system, as well as for 2 or more severe associated diseases. An individual dialysis program is described for each patient. Hemodialysis session lasts 4–5 hours.

With poor tolerance to hemodialysis, a temporary replacement with isolated ultrafiltration is used. It is effective in the case of the development of edema syndrome in cancer patients.

Hemofiltration consists of carrying blood through a hematological filter and filling the fluid with electrolyte solutions. Thus, up to 7 liters of fluid are replaced without reducing the volume of blood.

Hemodiafiltration is carried out by the “artificial kidney” apparatus. The method consists in combining dialysis and filtration. When this occurs, a decrease in the concentration of toxic substances with low and medium molecular weight and at the same time - correction of the electrolyte composition of blood.

Hemosorption

гемосорбция Hemosorption is used to remove toxins with large and medium molecular weight from the blood. Two veins are being accessed. Blood is passed through a special apparatus with 200-400 grams of sorbent. The procedure lasts 50 minutes, spend it 2-3 times a day.

Hemosorption is contraindicated in:

  • bleeding;
  • multiple organ failure;
  • low blood pressure;
  • instability of cardiovascular parameters;
  • dehydration.

Plasma exchange

This method is based on the replacement of plasma. It is taken in a volume of 700 milliliters to one and a half liters during one procedure. Instead, pour in:

  • frozen plasma;
  • Reopoliglyukin;
  • Poliglyukin;
  • protein solutions.

Detoxification is carried out in 1-4 procedures. Such methods of cleaning with oncology carry out the reduction of large-molecular compounds and to a lesser extent low-molecular ones.

Traditional methods of cleaning the body in oncology

народные методо очистки How else to remove intoxication in oncology? There are folk methods that are based on the reception of plant fees in small doses with its gradual increase to the maximum and with the subsequent gradual decrease. The treatment is carried out under careful control of the patient’s general condition.

Herbalists recommend using herbal poisons with great care, especially in debilitated patients. Prescribes such treatment only a doctor. Next, gentle methods that can be applied at home without dose limiting will be given.

  1. Broth from flax seeds, licorice root. On one glass of broth, you can add one teaspoon of honey. If the acidity of the stomach is reduced, add 1-2 tablespoons of sea buckthorn or pomegranate juice to the broth. Preparation: 1.5 tablespoons of seeds, pinch of licorice root per 200 milliliters of water. Boil on low heat for half an hour. Reception: half a cup every 2 hours, plus at night.
  2. A decoction of rolled oats boiled in milk for 30 minutes, then strain.
  3. Tea made from pine or fir needles, onion peel and rosehip. Pour boiling water and leave overnight. Take in any quantities.

Oncology uses different methods of cleaning. Some of them can be carried out in the hospital, some - on an outpatient basis and at home. These recipes can be used by everyone. The remaining methods of cleaning are performed under the guidance of a doctor, they are selected individually, taking into account the course of the disease, the development of intoxication and the patient's condition.

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