How to restore the intestine after poisoning
After food poisoning, the body needs some time to recover. Of great importance in this period is the normalization of the activity of intestinal microbes. Why is it important and how to restore the intestinal microflora after poisoning?
Normally, the community of bacteria lives in the digestive tract, 99% consisting of lacto-and bifidobacteria, enterococci, Escherichia coli. They help digest proteins, fats and carbohydrates, synthesize vitamins and amino acids, secrete substances that inhibit harmful microbes. During the illness, the balance is disturbed, reproduction of conditionally pathogenic microflora or pathogenic bacteria that have entered the intestine from the outside occurs. By isolating toxins and forming rotting products, such microbes prevent the restoration of a healthy community and complicate the normalization of the activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
Signs of dysbiosis
When the acute phase of the poisoning is over, some symptoms that indicate indigestion remain. The change in the normal intestinal microflora by quantity or qualitative composition is called dysbacteriosis. It is characterized by the following features:
- loose stools;
- unpleasant smell of feces;
- poor digestion of food;
- weak pain in abdomen.
Dysbacteriosis can develop after the use of antibiotics and other antibacterial agents.
Recovery of the intestines with diet
How to restore the intestine after poisoning? In light cases, it is enough to stick to a reasonable diet. Nature has provided a lot of products that colonize the gut with beneficial microbes. Also, diet food will help restore the mucous membrane and creates conditions for the reproduction of normal microflora. General rules for diet after food poisoning:
- digestible food;
- small portions 5–6 times a day;
- do not wash down food with water;
- avoid eating simple carbohydrates;
- eat foods rich in fiber: vegetables, fruits;
- the bread must be stale or dried;
- can not be fatty and fried.
Also a bad effect on the intestinal microflora have coffee, alcohol, sweet soda.
What can restore the intestinal microflora after poisoning? First of all, these are products containing lacto-and bifidobacteria:
- fermented milk products - fresh homemade yogurt, kefir, various bifidokefiry and yoghurt are useful;
- sauerkraut and pickle from her;
- wet apples;
- bread kvass.
Other products create a favorable environment for the development of those bacteria that have survived in the intestine, and also prevent the reproduction of harmful microbes:
- dried fruits;
- garlic, onion;
- herbal teas with mint, currant and raspberry leaves, chamomile, and St. John's wort;
- wheat bran and flour;
- chicory, Jerusalem artichoke, dandelion leaves;
- fresh vegetables and fruits, greens.
The answer to the question of how to restore bowel function after poisoning may be some dietary supplements. They contain a substrate on which beneficial microbes will actively proliferate.
- seaweed - seaweed, kelp;
- Brewer's yeast - not to be confused with regular food yeast for the dough.
In cases where the poisoning is severe, or strong antibiotics are used, it is better to use drugs.
All drugs to restore the intestinal microflora after poisoning can be divided into two groups.
- Probiotics are medicines containing one or more live cultures of bacteria. Once in the intestine, they colonize the mucous membrane and replenish the rows of beneficial microbes. Under favorable conditions, bacteria take root and begin to multiply rapidly.
- Prebiotics are products that do not contain live bacteria, but include chemicals that are “food” for beneficial microbes or create conditions for their growth, as well as suppress pathogenic microflora.
Drugs from the probiotic group may contain one or more cultures. Such agents are produced in the form of tablets, capsules and rectal suppositories.
Here is a list of some drugs that can restore the intestines after poisoning.
- "Lactobacterin", "Acilact", "Biobacton" - they contain a monoculture of lactobacilli.
- "Bifidumbacterin", "Probifor" - they include the monoculture of bifidobacteria.
Monopreparations are incompatible with taking antibiotics, will not help with complex dysbacteriosis, they have age restrictions.
Probiotics involving several cultures of bacteria:
- "Florin Forte" - contains bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. Can be used for children. Store the drug must be in the refrigerator.
- "Linex". Includes three types of bacteria (lacto-and bifidobacteria, enterococci). It can be combined with the use of antibiotics, there is no age limit, suitable for nursing and pregnant women.
- "Bifikol" - contains bifidobacteria and E. coli.
Another group of probiotics is microbes that are not normal representatives of the intestinal biocenosis. They form spore forms, therefore, they are extremely resistant to the aggressive environment of the stomach. Once in the intestine, bacteria multiply rapidly and inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes. They live in the body for about a month, then are gradually excreted, giving way to normal microflora. This class includes drugs "Bactisubtil" (Bacillus cereus) and "Sporobacterin". They are successfully used to treat diarrhea.
Probiotics have their limitations. They are carefully prescribed to people with impaired immunity and patients prone to allergic reactions.
Prebiotics will help restore the intestinal microflora after poisoning. Preparations of this group contain lactulose, which passes into the large intestine and is digested there, creating a nutrient medium for the development of beneficial bacteria. Prebiotics include:
These drugs can be taken to children, pregnant and lactating women. They do not need to be stored in the refrigerator, can be combined with the reception of antibiotics. You can not assign people with intolerance to fructose and galactose, intestinal obstruction, bleeding of the rectum. Patients with diabetes need to consult a doctor.
There are complex preparations containing live bacteria and a substrate for their reproduction. They are compatible with antibiotics and most quickly restore the microflora of the digestive tract. These include:
- "Bifiform" - contains bifidobacteria, E. coli, enterococci;
- "Hilak Forte" - lactobacilli and lactic acid, and among other things, the drug restores the normal pH in the stomach.
How to restore the intestinal flora after poisoning? First of all, it is desirable to stick to a sparing diet for 2-4 weeks, as much time will be required for the normalization of microflora. Replenishment of microbes occurs at the expense of lactic and fermented foods. Also useful food, creating favorable conditions for the reproduction of beneficial bacteria. For quick recovery or in severe cases, as well as after a course of antibiotics, it is recommended to take pharmaceutical preparations - drugs from the group of probiotics and prebiotics. The duration of treatment depends on the degree of indigestion and ranges from 7 to 21 days.