Castor bean - poisonous plant
Talk about this plant causes a lot of controversy. On the one hand, they are adherents of evicting him from a person’s zone of residence as far as possible, in order to exclude the possibility of any contact. On the other hand, there are people who carelessly cultivate it in their garden, constantly in contact with it, propagate and distribute seeds to friends and acquaintances. Most likely, this comes from ignorance.
In order to clarify let's talk more about what castor is, what is the use and harm of it. Whether this plant is necessary for us, what danger lies behind the outer beauty.
What is castor oil?
The castorplant is a poisonous plant. She is a guest in our area. It was introduced in the 19th century from India and quickly spread. It was grown abundantly in special lands for the purpose of producing medical and technical oil.
Until now, castor oil has been used to obtain lubricants for the aviation industry, which is used in soap-making, leather and paint and varnish production. The cake is used for the production of glue and nitrogen fertilizers. The appearance of the famous castor oil is also connected by castor oil.
For pharmaceutical purposes, castor oil has great benefits. The oil obtained from the seeds is included in the Vishnevsky ointment, “Kamphomen” aerosol for the treatment of the throat, and in the “Urolesan” preparation for patients with urolithiasis. It is a mild laxative to eliminate constipation and protect the stomach in case of poisoning.
Castor oil is the basis of ointments and creams. It is hard to imagine replacing this unique product! Many useful things have come into our lives with the appearance of castor bean.
A knowledgeable person at the sight of castor bells is alarmed. With all its virtues, castor oil can cause irreparable damage. All parts of this plant are poisonous.
Castor bean poison is represented by two substances:
- and ricinin.
Ricin contains a seed coat - this is the most poisonous part of the plant! It is during the use of castor bean seeds that poisoning is incompatible with life. And in appearance you can not say that they are dangerous. Imitate beans or beans - this makes sleep alert.
Ricinin contains all other parts of the plant: leaves, seeds and oilcake. Its content to bloom decreases in leaves, and increases in flowers.
Note that the lethal dose of castor bean seeds is:
- for adults - 20 pieces (0.3 mg / kg body weight);
- for children - 6 pieces.
An adult is unlikely to chew the seeds of an unknown plant. But it is quite another thing when children contact him. Their natural curiosity, in the case of castor oil, turns into an irreparable disaster.
Castor Bean Poisoning
Poisoning, especially of children, often occurs in boarding houses, children's camps, where the beds are decorated with these tall, juicy-green bushes. Moreover, they are planted so much that they unwittingly attract the eye and cause interest.
Animals once tasted the leaves of this plant, then bypass his life. The death of animals occurs when eating cake from spent castor bean seeds.
Symptoms of poisoning
The danger is that signs of poisoning appear late. To associate the reception of ordinary seeds with poisoning is very difficult. Sometimes an adult does not remember this, and what can we say about the child. Characteristic signs appear in a day, or even three.
In case of poisoning by the castor, the symptoms resemble food intoxication. It all starts with a sharp pain in the abdomen, gradually its intensity increases. Then the bloody diarrhea joins, the temperature rises, and the general weakness increases.
Poison ricin causes agglutination - gluing of red blood cells. As a result, capillary circulation is disturbed in all organs. They are clogged with blood clots, hemorrhages and erosion appear. All this leads to bleeding, the work of the organs is paralyzed. The clinical picture is reminiscent of endotoxic shock. Castor oil poison is the death of capillaries.
The first ulceration of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. A mixture of blood is characteristic of vomiting and diarrhea. The work of the kidneys is disturbed, erythrocytes and protein appear in the urine - a sign of the destruction of the kidney vessels. Hemorrhages in the lungs appear. The picture of intoxication, despite the treatment, is growing. When hemorrhage in the brain appears stunned, then loss of consciousness, possible convulsions. Death occurs on day 6–7 amid collapse.
First aid for poisoning
Due to the fact that the first symptoms resemble food poisoning, the complex of urgent measures includes repeated washing of the stomach, preferably through a tube. If it is impossible to do this, then it is necessary to induce artificial vomiting. Be sure to take the sorbents: activated carbon (30-50 grams) is better to crush and give in 2% sodium bicarbonate solution.
If there is poisoning by castor oil, first aid does not differ from the treatment of other types of poisoning. Gastric lavage combined with enemas. To prevent the violation of the kidneys, the patient is given 5 to 15 grams of sodium bicarbonate. After washing the stomach, you must give a laxative, for example, magnesium sulfate (30 grams) and then the enveloping means are shown: “Almagel”, “Enterosgel”, flax seed solution, jelly, jellies, raw eggs.
To weaken the local effects of ricin, you must thoroughly wash your mouth, eyes, nasopharynx with 4% sodium bicarbonate solution or simply with water. Treat the skin with alcohol. Call an ambulance! This is necessarily because, despite the successfully carried out emergency measures, the patient's condition may deteriorate sharply in a few hours or days. The patient is usually transported lying on his side. This is done in order to vomit did not get into the lungs.
Qualified hospital care includes possible blood transfusions, infusion therapy of 500–800 ml of 5% glucose, and the introduction of narcotic painkillers. Abdominal pain is so strong that they resort to these painkillers.
To stimulate the kidneys: diuretics "Lasix" or "Furosemide." Oxygen therapy is appropriate - oxygen treatment. It gives a good result, because in case of poisoning the oxygen delivery is disrupted, the cells begin to experience oxygen starvation, which inevitably leads to disruption of the organs.
Symptomatic and supportive therapy is mainly performed. Treatment of castor-oil poisoning, even in the intensive care unit, is a difficult task. For failure of one body, followed by violations of another. Internal "disaster" is growing like a snowball. Often, doctors lose in this battle. The severity of the condition depends on the number of seeds taken. If a person can be saved, unfortunately, the function of the organs is not fully restored.
To date, there have been many reports of resuscitation specialists on the danger of castor beans. Severe poisoning of children has become more frequent, and almost no child can be saved. After all, there is no specific antidote for castor bean venom.
Many people have no idea whether castor oil is poisonous. Therefore, continue to carelessly plant it in the courtyards. And the calls of the doctors remain unheard.
Even an unloaded gun can shoot, because it has such a purpose. With castor oil a similar situation. No matter how many virtues she has, they are all nothing compared to the life of a child. After all, even in time for emergency measures can not help. And we do not need to stay away from the castor, and its not to let people on the gun shot!