Use of "Laktofiltrum" for poisoning
Both adults and children can become victims of food poisoning. Even if you are very careful in choosing food, there is no absolute guarantee against this disease. What to say about the lovers of exotic cuisine or those who sometimes suffer from hangover.
Light food poisoning is usually treated at home. To remove intoxication and restore bowel activity help different pharmaceutical preparations. One of these magic wands is a medicine from the Laktofiltrum enterosorbent group. When poisoning substandard food enterosorbents are an integral part of first aid. What are the features of “Lactofiltrum”, and how to apply it in various types of poisoning?
"Lactofiltrum" from food poisoning is a pill, packaged in blisters. Also on sale you can find the drug "Lactofiltrum IVF." This is a complete analogue of the usual "Laktofiltrum", but it is registered as a food additive (BAA). “Laktofiltrum EKO” is produced in the form of powder, lozenges and tablets; additional excipients are added to its composition - flavorings, colors and flavors. The mechanism of action of both drugs is exactly the same, but the dosage will be different, since they have a different form.
The active ingredient "Laktofiltrum" is hydrolytic lignin and lactulose.
- Lignin is a derivative of wood pulp. Due to its fibrous structure, the substance as a sponge absorbs various low-molecular compounds - poisons and toxins. Lignin is responsible for the enterosorbing effect of the drug.
- Lactulose is a substance from the group of prebiotics, obtained synthetically. Prebiotics contribute to the reproduction of beneficial microflora, creating favorable conditions for it in the intestines.
How does "Laktofiltrum"
What is the reason for the high therapeutic effect of “Lactofiltrum” in case of poisoning? First of all, it should be emphasized that this is a complex drug that has a multilateral effect on the body:
- lipid-lowering (lowers blood cholesterol).
Once in the intestine, lignin binds poisons and toxins, harmful metabolic products, on its surface. This cleans the food mass and the contents of the large intestine. Also removed toxins excreted by the body with bile and intestinal juices. Lignin is an inert substance with a large molecular size and cannot be absorbed into the blood. After 24 hours, he leaves the intestines along with feces, taking with him harmful substances.
The adsorbing capacity of lignin is estimated to be 5–7 times higher than that of activated carbon.
Laktofiltrum binds the following types of toxins:
- organic poisons;
- heavy metal compounds;
- microbial toxins;
- alcohol and its metabolites;
- food allergens;
Removal of toxic substances from the intestines stops diarrhea and prevents intoxication of the body, the development of toxic hepatitis and acute nephritis in case of poisoning. Lignin does not affect the composition of the intestinal microflora.
Lactulose, in turn, contributes to the reproduction of beneficial microflora. Getting into the large intestine, it breaks down into two molecules of monosaccharide, which is a nutrient medium for intestinal bacteria. Thus, dysbacteriosis is cured. Organic acids produced by normal microflora have a detrimental effect on pathogenic bacteria, which always actively reproduce during food poisoning. Thanks to the beneficial microflora, the stool is normalized and the absorption of nutrients from the intestines is restored. All this has a positive effect on the function of local immunity.
How to use "Laktofiltrum" in case of poisoning
The drug is used for many disorders of the digestive system - inflammation of the intestine, bloating, dysbacteriosis, food allergies, a tendency to constipation or diarrhea, in the treatment of liver, kidney, urticaria and dermatitis. Let us consider in detail how to take "Lactofiltrum" in case of poisoning.
The drug is indicated for food poisoning, as well as in all cases when the toxin has entered the stomach (mouth poisoning). If intoxication occurred by inhalation of toxic fumes or by contact with toxins on the skin - "Lactofiltrum" will not help.
Tablets are taken orally with a glass of plain water. Before taking the pill is recommended to crush. This can be done in a spoon or just chew it in your mouth.
It is best to drink "Laktofiltrum" in 1.5-2 hours after a meal. Like all enterosorbents, the drug is taken so that between it and other medicines there was a break of at least 1 hour. Otherwise, it will weaken the effect of other drugs.
Dosage "Laktofiltrum" for poisoning following. A single dose of 2-3 tablets, take them three or four times a day. In acute poisoning, the dosage is increased. The maximum daily dose is 50 tablets, they are divided into three or four doses at regular intervals, observing the hourly breaks with other medications.
How many days to drink "Laktofiltrum" in case of poisoning? Most often, “Laktofiltrum” is taken until the symptoms disappear - diarrhea, bloating, and discomfort in the stomach area. Usually this period ranges from three to five days. In total, the course of treatment can last up to three weeks, then it is necessary to take a break for a month. With prolonged use, they additionally drink vitamin complexes containing vitamins of group B.
Use of "Laktofiltrum" for alcohol poisoning
When alcohol poisoning "Laktofiltrum" removes excess ethyl alcohol from the stomach and intestines and neutralizes the decay products of ethanol released into the intestinal lumen. The difference of the drug from other sorbents is that after a hangover, Laktofiltrum restores the disturbed intestinal microflora and normalizes the stool.
"Lactofiltrum" for alcohol poisoning is taken in high dosages - from 5 to 10 tablets at a time. It is recommended to drink five tablets after a feast and five more before bedtime. In the morning, it is advisable to empty the intestines and take five more Lactofiltrum tablets. The drug can be combined with other drugs for hangover ("Alkozelzer", etc.), but you need to withstand the time interval between them.
To prevent a hangover, before drinking, drink 3-5 tablets of Lactofiltrum and as much after drinking liquor.
How to apply "Laktofiltrum" in case of poisoning of children
“Lactofiltrum” is widely used for children with poisoning, since it has practically no contraindications, and its prebiotic normalizes intestinal function. The drug has a neutral taste and does not have to persuade the kid to drink it for a long time. In addition, many parents note the effectiveness of the drug in allergic rashes in infants.
"Lactofiltrum" in case of poisoning in a child is applied according to the age (at one time):
- at the age of one year - half a pill;
- up to 3 years - half or whole tablet;
- from 4 to 7 years old - one tablet each;
- from 7 to 12 years old - one or two tablets.
Children over the age of 12 are prescribed the drug in an adult dosage and with the same course of administration as in adults, three to five times a day for several days, and, if necessary, up to three weeks.
In conclusion, we repeat that "Lactofiltrum" in food poisoning combines the properties of two drugs - enterosorbent and prebiotic. The first removes toxic substances from the intestines, and the second promotes the reproduction of normal microflora and inhibits the growth of pathogenic microbes. Take "Laktofiltrum" 10-20 tablets per day, breaking into three or four doses. The course of treatment depends on the duration of the symptoms and usually ranges from three to five days.