Use of Levomycetin in food poisoning
Digestive disorders in the form of diarrhea and vomiting are among the most frequent symptoms of food poisoning. Comprehensive measures will help to overcome the unpleasant state - abundant drinking, gastric lavage, taking sorbents and dieting.
In order to speed up the process of recovery, patients often take medicines themselves. But not all drugs are suitable for food poisoning. One of the popular "appointments" for self-treatment of poisoning is Levomycetin. Therefore, it is important to know when it is beneficial, and in what cases its use is not only unjustified, but also dangerous to life. Let's sort out these questions.
Properties of Levomycetin and indications for its use
Levomycetin belongs to synthetic antibiotics, with an effective action against gram-positive cocci (gonococci and meningococci), as well as bacteria that cause the disorder of the alimentary tract (Escherichia coli, protea and serration, shigella, salmonella, leptospira, klebsiella, hemophilic bacillus).
Indications for the use of chloramphenicol in case of poisoning are:
- severe condition of the patient with increasing weakness, reusable vomiting and diarrhea (more than 10 times), which do not stop after the generally accepted events;
- the presence of blood and / or pus in the feces;
- keeping the fever for longer than a day, despite the basic therapy;
- laboratory examination of feces (seeding) with the determination of the pathogen sensitive to Levomycetin;
- in special cases when other antibiotics other than Levomycetin do not affect the pathogen.
It should be emphasized that only a doctor prescribes antibiotics for treatment, especially in case of poisoning! After consultation, examination and results of laboratory tests, he establishes a diagnosis and recommends appropriate treatment, indicating the dose of the drug, the frequency of intake per day and the duration of therapy.
For review, we give general recommendations according to the instructions for use of chloramphenicol in case of poisoning:
- the drug is taken 30 minutes before taking a meal or, in the event of nausea in a patient, 1 hour after eating;
- It is recommended to swallow the tablet whole, do not chew or crush, drink plenty of water (sweet water is allowed);
- used for the treatment of adults at 0.5 grams 3-4 times a day, the techniques should be organized at regular intervals;
- courses of application according to the doctor’s prescription - on average 5–7 days;
- Levomitsetin children with poisoning prescribed after 3 years and expect the dose of the drug per kilogram of body weight of the child.
Negative consequences of uncontrolled administration of Levomitsetina
Levomitsetin refers to bacteriostatic drugs, it has a fairly strong effect on certain types of bacteria. In addition, it is characterized by a no less aggressive effect on the human body.
With uncontrolled treatment of chloramphenicol, side effects will be as follows.
- Allergic reactions - from urticaria (itching and rash) to serious health problems in the form of swelling of the throat, lips and tongue, face.
- The effect on hematopoietic function leads to a decrease in the number of cellular elements in the blood. The fall in the concentration of leukocytes contributes to the reduction of protective forces and the occurrence of colds. Low platelet count causes a predisposition to the development of bleeding - nasal, gums, intestinal. Violation of the formation of red blood cells is the basis of anemia.
- Changes in the amount of glucose in the blood, should be used carefully in patients with diabetes mellitus.
- Irritation of the intestinal mucosa by type of pseudomembranous colitis, which is characterized by the appearance of watery diarrhea with blood.
- Urine can get a dark shade.
- Headaches, blurred vision and hearing.
- Nervous system disorders are manifested by depressive states, psychomotor disorders, and hallucinations are possible.
- Symptoms of general malaise.
Children under 3 years are generally not recommended to take Levomitsetin from poisoning. Taking the drug can cause the development of "gray child syndrome", which manifests weakness and drowsiness, reusable vomiting and refusal to eat, the child's body temperature is below normal, diarrhea with greenish feces is noted, pale skin becomes gray sometimes blue. If in this condition you do not immediately stop taking the drug and do not call an ambulance, it is possible for the child to be fatal.
Given the above adverse reactions, you should specify the main contraindications to the drug.
- It is not advisable to use chloramphenicol in food poisoning caused by toxins. The drug does not affect them and does not contribute to their removal.
- Approximate situation develops with viral intestinal diseases that are insensitive to the drug.
- In patients with resistance (insensitivity) to chloramphenicol due to uncontrolled use as self-treatment, not respecting the dosage of the drug and the duration of treatment. In the case of the use of drugs for 1 or 2 days, the patient not only does not get rid of pathogens, but contributes to the development of their resistance to antibiotics.
- Not recommended for the treatment of pregnant women, nursing mothers and babies up to 3 years.
- The prescription of a medicine for patients with diabetes mellitus, severe liver and kidney damage is not welcome.
- Patients with impaired hematopoietic function or cancer patients who are taking chemotherapy or cytostatics should not use the drug.
Thus, Levomycetin, due to its broad antimicrobial action, has good therapeutic effects for a specific list of pathogens. But its use requires preliminary laboratory confirmation, and it is necessary to adhere to the doctor's recommendations on how to take Levomycetin in case of poisoning, also take into account that when taking it there is a high risk of side reactions and it is important to pay attention to contraindications.