Linseed oil - beneficial properties, contraindications

лен фото Lyon is one of the oldest cultures cultivated by humanity. This plant has a rich historical past - it was treated with respect in ancient Egypt and Colchis, and the great healer Hippocrates used linseed oil to treat wounds, burns and stomach ailments. In Russia, flax has been known since the 2nd millennium BC, and has been cultivated since the 10th – 13th centuries. Flax was used to make butter, made clothes from it, and also used as food. Today, this culture is cultivated in many countries of Europe and America, and linseed oil is often called "Russian".

Why does this product remain popular for thousands of years of human history? What are the benefits and harms of flaxseed oil and how to take it to preserve youth and health?

The composition of flaxseed oil

Let's start with the fact that linseed oil has a unique composition, which somewhat distinguishes it from similar vegetable products. Immediately make a reservation that we are talking about cold-pressed oil, produced without the use of modern technology.

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This product is made from flax seeds. Dry grains are pressed and get oily liquid. First grade is used for food, and the second is widely used in industry, in particular, it is used to make drying oil and quick-drying varnishes.

льняное масло фото How to choose flaxseed oil in the store? A quality product has a yellow-brown or caramel color, to the light - transparent. It is pleasant to the taste, not bitter, with a delicate specific aroma. The product is rapidly oxidized during storage, therefore it is packaged in small dark-colored glass bottles. It is better to buy unrefined linseed oil - it is more useful than refined.

The use of flaxseed oil for the body is determined by the content in the product of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which the body can not produce itself and must receive from food. They are also known as vitamin F.

Linseed oil has the optimum ratio of acids:

  • omega-3;
  • omega-6;
  • omega-9.

One tablespoon per day fully covers the human need for polyunsaturated fatty acids. Here is the approximate ratio of fatty acids in flaxseed oil:

  • linolenic (omega-3) - from 44 to 61%;
  • linoleic (omega-6) - from 15 to 30%;
  • oleic (omega-9) - from 13 to 29%;
  • saturated acids - from 9 to 11%.

By the way, alpha-linoleic acid omega-3 in such quantities is contained only in fish oil, so the smell of high-quality flaxseed oil resembles this medicine. In addition, it found a significant amount of tocopherols, hormone-estrogen phytohormones and folic acid. In small doses, the product contains magnesium, potassium, zinc, copper, vitamins A, B1, B2, B6 and C.

What is the use of flaxseed oil

The beneficial properties of flaxseed oil are determined by the effect of unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants on all body structures. With regular use of the product in food, note the following effects.

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  1. The level of cholesterol in the blood decreases, normal blood viscosity and elasticity of the vascular wall are restored. The risk of diseases such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, thrombosis, atherosclerosis and cardiac arrhythmia is reduced.
  2. Work of the digestive system is normalized, constipation, intestinal and stomach inflammation disappear, the functioning of the liver improves. Also, this product has antiparasitic action for the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. In women, hormones are restored, and during menopause, all changes are easier.
  4. Linseed oil for men is beneficial in that it improves blood circulation in the pelvic organs, increases potency and reduces the risk of prostate diseases.
  5. Faster tissue regeneration occurs, which is important in the postoperative period, with wound healing, muscle recovery after intense physical exertion, to increase skin elasticity and joint flexibility.
  6. чем полезно льняное масло

    Participating in fat metabolism, it helps reduce the amount of fat deposits, speeds up the metabolism, prevents the development of diabetes and endocrine disorders in the body.

  7. Favorably affects the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract in asthma, pulmonary diseases, dry cough, rhinitis.
  8. There is evidence that regular use stimulates the immune system, including against cancer cells. Revealed a positive preventive effect in breast cancer in women and prostate in men, oncological diseases of the rectum.

Also, flaxseed oil is widely used in cosmetology to rejuvenate the skin and improve hair health.

To fill the needs of the body and the prevention of many diseases, it is enough to take 1-2 tablespoons of flaxseed oil per day. This can be done separately from other foods, and you can replace them with traditional vegetable plants for salad dressing and cereals - sunflower, olive, corn. If you experience unpleasant sensations in the abdomen or a weakening of the stool, reduce the dose, but do not stop taking it. Side effects should disappear in 3-5 days.

For therapeutic purposes, you can take the drug in capsules, which is sold in pharmacies.

Let's take a closer look at how to take flaxseed oil to affect certain body systems.

For digestion

льняное масло для пищеварения When indigestion or inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines take flaxseed oil on an empty stomach.

  1. For constipation 1-2 tablespoons twice a day before meals.
  2. When inflammation in the mouth, “rinse your mouth” for a few minutes, then spit it out. Repeat several times a day.
  3. To maintain the liver, doctors recommend drinking in doses of 15 to 40 grams per day, but not more.
  4. When gastritis combined with drugs that lower the acidity of gastric juice. Take 1 teaspoon three times a day, washed down with warm water. The course of treatment is three months.

For the heart and blood vessels

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And here is how to take flaxseed oil for medicinal purposes for cardiovascular diseases.

  1. For atherosclerosis, 1 tablespoon twice a day for three months.
  2. With ischemia of the heart for 4-6 months.
  3. For prophylactic purposes, to reduce cholesterol levels by courses of 2-3 weeks, 2-3 times a year.


Weight loss is achieved by normalizing the work of the intestine, improving liver function and accelerating fat metabolism. In addition, many women noted that if you drink flaxseed oil for weight loss, the condition of the skin and hair is greatly improved.

  1. Reception begins with 1 teaspoon per day half an hour before breakfast.
  2. After 10 days, the dose is gradually increased, bringing to 1 tablespoon.
  3. After a month, they take a break for 1-2 weeks, then repeat the course if necessary.
  4. Linseed oil has found its place in the treatment of joints, skin and hair diseases, in cosmetology. The use of flaxseed oil for women is a rejuvenating effect.

    1. где применяется льняное масло For diseases of the joints is recommended massage with heated linseed oil.
    2. In case of skin diseases, a moistened napkin is applied to ulcers and poorly healing wounds for several hours. You can also do with trophic ulcers and burns, but first consult with your doctor.
    3. Flaxseed oil for the skin has a softening and regenerating effect. It is added to masks and creams or used in pure form. Mix well with honey, sour cream, kefir, egg yolk, lemon juice. Abrasions and peeling can be lubricated with clean oil several times during the day.
    4. Linseed oil for the face is used for dry or aging skin. It is applied at night with a thin layer, except for the area around the eyes. For a peeling effect, a mask is made using oatmeal with linseed oil.
    5. Flaxseed oil for hair is used because of the beneficial effects on the scalp and the hair structure itself. It is perfectly absorbed, so it can be added to the mask for all types of hair. Masks are rubbed into the skin, evenly distributed on the hair and wrap the head with plastic and a towel. Stand for 1-1.5 hours. Mixtures with burdock, castor oils, egg yolk, onion juice, and honey act well.

    Linseed Oil Harm

    In some cases, the use of flaxseed oil inside can cause harm. Poisoning, possibly with the use of a rancid product, as it accumulates oxidized substances decomposition of polyunsaturated acids. They have a bad effect on the liver, causing nausea, pain in the right hypochondrium and diarrhea.

    Flaxseed oil can not be heated and even more so to fry on it, since the nutrients acquire carcinogenic properties. Store this product in a cool dark place in a well-closed glass container.

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    Flaxseed oil can also manifest itself if used improperly. In case of individual intolerance or exceeding the dosage side effects are possible:

    • diarrhea;
    • allergic reactions;
    • during lactation, the laxative effect of the product is manifested in the child;
    • increased blood clotting due to increased platelet levels.

    Caution should be taken to use flaxseed oil for pregnant women and people taking medications:

    • кому нельзя принимать льняное масло cholesterol lowering;
    • affecting blood clotting;
    • painkillers;
    • antidepressants;
    • antidiabetic;
    • contraceptive and hormonal agents.

    In this case, it is necessary to coordinate the reception of this product with your doctor.

    Flaxseed oil has contraindications. This primarily relates to the presence of chronic diseases:

    • cholecystitis;
    • cholelithiasis;
    • hepatitis;
    • pancreatitis;
    • polyps in the uterus and appendages.

    Summarizing all the above, we note that linseed oil is an extremely useful product. It is taken in food in small doses for the prevention of many diseases of the heart and blood vessels, stomach and intestines, female and male sexual problems. In cosmetology based on flaxseed oil, various masks and creams are made, and dermatologists successfully use it to treat skin diseases. You can eat only high-quality cold pressed product. It is unacceptable to heat the flaxseed oil, use it expired or rancid - in this form the product can cause poisoning.