Poisoning by aura with caustic and poisonous
Buttercups are a vast family of perennial or annual herbaceous plants. In total, the genus Lyutikov (Latin Ranunculus) has about 600 species growing in the temperate climate of the Northern Hemisphere; In Russia there are just over 100 varieties. Some types of buttercups are bred for decorative purposes. Not all kinds of buttercups are safe for humans and animals. The very name of the flower comes from the word "fierce". The answer to the question: "Buttercup poisonous or not?" - depends on what its variety is in front of you. The most common types of buttercups, which have a toxic effect: caustic, poisonous, burning (acne), large, field. And such kinds of buttercup: creeping, purgatory or golden - are completely harmless.
Let's consider in detail the description of the buttercup of caustic and buttercup venomous as the most characteristic representatives of its family - how they act on the person where they found application, the symptoms of poisoning by them, first aid.
Description of buttercup
All buttercups are small herbaceous plants with small yellow, less often white, five-petalled flowers.
Buttercup acrid (night blindness, meadow dawn, scrotal, pearl). This kind of buttercup is more common than others. Perennial plant with a straight branchy stem, whose height is from 30 to 100 cm. The lower leaves are dentate-separate, five-lobed, with long petioles. The upper leaves are tripartite almost sessile on the stem. Flowers on long legs, up to 2 cm in diameter, are golden yellow, composed of five petals.
The flowering period is at the end of spring and summer. Fruits - round achenes brownish, slightly compressed laterally. The rhizome of the plant is short, with numerous roots. Propagates buttercup acrid seeds, from which in the first year grows rosette leaves. In the winter, the aerial part of the plant dies off, and in the spring a new shoot from the rhizome grows.
The plant is found in the European part of our country and in Siberia. Where does the buttercup grow pungent? It is weed grass growing in meadows and pastures. It can also be found in glades in the woods.
Description of the buttercup of poisonous
In the people it is called in different ways: korostovaya, fever grass, aishak, abscess, bishak, criminal buttercup. This species of buttercup grows in the European part of Russia, in the Far East, in Siberia, and in the republics of Central Asia. Like most other species of this family, whose Latin name is froggy - speaks of frequent proximity to frogs, the poisonous buttercup prefers wet fertile soils.
You can meet him in wet, waterlogged places, along the banks of reservoirs and ditches. Unlike buttercup, caustic buttercup is poisonous - an annual or biennial plant with a height of 20 to 45 cm, the stem is hollow branched. Leaves are fleshy, shiny, three-five-parted. Flowers are small (7-10 mm in diameter) light yellow, when ripe they form a fruit - a head of a cylindrical shape. The season of the year, when the buttercup is poisonous, falls at the end of spring and summer.
Where are buttercups used
Raw materials from the grass of buttercups officially in Russia are not harvested. Nevertheless, the buttercup is acrid, even though it is a poisonous plant, it is applied in folk medicine externally as a cauterizing and bactericidal agent for skin diseases such as purulent wounds, wounds, warts, fungal diseases. Lotions of fresh herbs and juice help with various inflammatory diseases - rheumatism, radiculitis, arthritis, gout and osteochondrosis.
Buttercup venison is used as a disinfectant for skin diseases. The diluted juice of a fresh plant is able to rid of scabies mites, fungal and furunculosis lesions.
During drying, the poisonous protoanemonin is destroyed and other chemical compounds contained in the grass of the buttercup: cardiac glycosides, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, vitamin C, coumarins act to the fore. Dried plants are used to make infusions and broths. With their help they cure various diseases:
- women's diseases;
- edema and dropsy;
- bronchial asthma;
- weakness and dizziness.
Poisonous properties of all buttercups are given by a substance from the group of lactones, called protoanemonin. It is found in all parts of the plant. Specific fluctuations in the content of this toxin are poorly understood. Of practical importance are poisoning by the most common types of buttercups, as well as by the buttercup with caustic if it is used improperly as a means of traditional medicine.
Poisoning by the buttercup people, perhaps only if they violate the ban on the reception of folk remedies on the basis of this drug inside. Animals are poisoned with buttercups more often, but deaths do not usually occur. Toxin, causing poisoning - a volatile oily liquid, which has a sharp unpleasant taste and smell. When the grass is dried, it decomposes and becomes harmless. Therefore, the poisoning of livestock, perhaps only in some cases - feeding hungry animals, harvesting green grass in marshy places, if buttercups are mixed with other herbs and they are difficult to separate when eating. Animals usually have a chronic form of intoxication.
The toxin protoanemonin has a highly irritating effect. If it gets inside, it causes inflammation of the mucous membranes of the digestive tract. Inhalation of protoanemonin vapor leads to lacrimation, shocks in the eyes, spasms in the throat, coughing and outflows from the nose.
Signs of poisoning
Symptoms of poisoning with buttercup poisonous and other species of this plant will be the same, since they all contain the same active substance. When the juice of the plant enters the skin, it is noted:
- inflammation in the form of vesicles (urticaria);
- sometimes abscesses.
When the plant juice gets on the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose, as well as when inhaling toxin vapors (for example, in a freshly picked bouquet of wildflowers), the following develops:
- spasms of the larynx;
- runny nose.
Severe damage to the mucous membranes of the eyes causes resists and can lead to a temporary loss of vision (hence the popular name of the buttercup - night blindness).
If toxin enters the digestive tract, there will be such symptoms:
- pain in the stomach;
- change of pulse.
When significant amounts of toxin enter the human body, signs of damage to the central nervous system appear:
- muscle shaking;
- impaired consciousness.
Poisoning in animals was studied in more detail. Most often, from the consequences of eating poisonous grass, cows and small cattle suffer, and more rarely horses and rabbits. Signs of poisoning cattle with buttercups:
- refusal of feed;
- absence of chewing gum;
- stomach ache;
- strong anxiety.
Then diarrhea develops, the amount of urine released increases, blood appears in it, urination painful. There is a shiver, convulsions, rotational movements of eyeballs. The animal falls down, a strong weakness develops. Death comes from a sharp decline in cardiac activity. Here it should be noted that cases of deadly poisoning of animals with buttercups are described only in foreign literature.
First aid for poisoning
As soon as the first signs of poisoning with caustic or corrosive poisonous must be given first aid to the victim. It is necessary as soon as possible to remove the poisonous substance from the body. In case of contact with skin or mucous membranes, the affected area should be rinsed with plenty of water and lubricated with an anti-burn agent, for example, Panthenol, Oksazol.
If toxins get inside, it is necessary to rinse the stomach with a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate or 2% solution of soda, to induce vomiting and seek medical help. If there are severe pain in the oral cavity and in the stomach, then you can keep in your mouth small pieces of ice and gradually swallow them.
When poisonous plants poisoned with buttercups, treatment consists of the following activities:
- gastric lavage with an aqueous suspension of activated charcoal;
- the appointment of enveloping agents - mucous broths, egg whites, milk;
- giving inside adsorbents, for example, "Smecta".
Depending on the condition of the patient, it may be necessary to administer painkillers, medicamentous restoration of the heart rhythm, intravenous infusions of antitoxic agents (glucose, sodium hyposulphite). In case of kidney damage, appropriate treatment is performed.
To prevent burns of the skin and mucous membranes, care must be taken to collect flowers and other herbal raw materials in case of skin irritation, eyes can not be rubbed with hands.
To avoid poisoning when getting into the inside of toxin, you must strictly observe the dosage of folk recipes, do not allow the use of fresh herb buttercup inside, while preparing raw materials for decoctions and infusions, dry the grass well.
To prevent poisoning, cattle are avoided harvesting green mass in biotopes where the buttercup grows. If necessary, hay is made from such grass or the areas contaminated with buttercups and pesticides are treated.
In conclusion, it can be said that buttercups are a vast family of annual and perennial plants, not all of which are poisonous. A distinctive feature of all buttercups is cicatrical leaves, yellow or white small flowers, proximity to water bodies or other sources of water. Poison can be poisoned when the juice of the plant enters the eyes or on the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth. This causes severe irritation, lacrimation, scarring, and even temporary loss of vision.
If improperly applied folk recipes based on buttercups, you can get poisoning accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea. For treatment it is necessary to consult a doctor, as serious burns, inflammation of the stomach and intestines, damage to the heart and kidneys are possible.