Food poisoning of bacterial origin

отравления бактериального происхождения When meeting people wish each other good health, because it is the basis of a happy and fulfilling life. Human health is a priceless gift that everyone disposes on his own.

Unfortunately, the human body is often exposed to all sorts of diseases and disorders. Each disease has its own symptoms, signs and consequences.

To be healthy, you need to know the components of the most common diseases and be able to prevent them, because, as you know, a sick person always causes pity, and a healthy person trusts and respects.

Types of food poisoning of microbial origin

кишечная палочка
E. coli

Deterioration of health, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, severe headache - symptoms that in no case can not be ignored. Perhaps all this is due to food poisoning.

Such a term as "food poisoning" is often replaced by the word "gastroenteritis". However, these two words have completely different meanings. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the intestines and stomach, and food poisoning is one of the factors of inflammation. Food microbial poisoning, unfortunately, is usually not less than 95% of the total number of food poisoning in the world.

Food poisoning of bacterial origin appears when a microbe-protea or Escherichia coli enters the human body. In most cases, E. coli enters the food when a person violates the rules of personal hygiene, especially with dirty hands.

  1. Bacterial toxins are poisonings that occur when consuming a large amount of live food bacteria.
  2. Staphylococcal poisoning is a disease that occurs as a result of a meal that contains staphylococcus toxin. After eating a food contaminated with poison, symptoms appear for this disease. Staphylococci are located in the intestine, nasopharynx, on the skin.

Staphylococcus

стафилококк
staphylococcus under the microscope

According to numerous statistics, this disease does not lead to death, but it is quite dangerous for the health of the human body as a whole.

The best medium for staphylococci are foods that contain large amounts of carbohydrates and proteins.

The cause of such toxicosis, most often, is the consumption of contaminated dairy products.

Also favorable environment for staphylococci are pastry cream products and meat products.

Botulism

Botulism - food poisoning that occurs when eating, which contains botulinum toxins.

Usually, a person receives food poisoning such as botulism, when eating foods that have been stored or have been mothballed incorrectly. There may develop botulism microbes. They secrete a bacterial toxin, which is called a botulinum toxin. Once in the body, this dangerous toxin affects the entire central nervous system, liver, blood and kidneys.

Also, botulism can be caused by spores found in the soil, entering the body with food or by infecting through deep wounds. As a result, the digestive tract absorbs toxin. Often botulism can result in paralysis of the entire respiratory system and muscles, along with other digestive symptoms.

The causative agents of toxic infections are very common. They can occur in the air, soil, water, feces of people and animals, on the surfaces of objects.

The human susceptibility of foodborne diseases is very high. As a result, from the moment of influence on the gastrointestinal tract to the development of characteristic symptoms, it can take from 30 minutes to several hours.

Scientists have found out that those who took fasting low-quality food and those who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of a chronic type are harder and much faster getting sick.

It takes only a few hours to perishable product (under adverse conditions) has become dangerous for the human body. If it is eaten, then the entire digestive system will be exposed to a large number of microbial toxins, which were formed during their decomposition. After that, symptoms of poisoning should appear. The appearance of the first symptoms, as a rule, does not exceed 24 hours.

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli

энтеропатогенные кишечные палочки
salmonella

Enteropathogenic colibacilli are bacteria that perform beneficial functions in the body. But there are harmful types of E. coli that can cause severe intestinal diseases.

Pathogens are Listeria and Salmonella.

Salmonellosis among food infections ranks first. Salmonella is a small, mobile sticks. The main source of pathogens are animals (rodents, cattle and others). In addition to eggs and meat infected with salmonella, often the cause of this disease are creams, jellies, butter, boiled vegetables, blood and liver sausages, fish products. Also the causative agents of salmonellosis are flies, mice, rats. People who suffer from salmonellosis are also carriers of bacteria.

Food poisoning of microbial origin is manifested in two forms - intoxication and toxic infection.

Caution - food microbial poisoning

пищевые микробные отравления Food intoxication is a serious poisoning, which is associated with food intake, including microorganism toxins. But even so, there may be no live microorganisms in the product.

Dietary toxicoinfections may be caused by the use of products that are infected with microbes. This and Salmonella, parakishechnaya and E. coli.

Foodborne microbial etiology poisoning (a science that studies the conditions and causes of disease) is characterized by an unexpected onset and is not transmitted to the healthy from the patient.

And now we should learn to distinguish healthy products from infected ones.

The first thing you need to pay attention to is the color, taste and smell of food. Infected products smell naturally unpleasant, have a sour taste.

Also one of the signs of deterioration of the product is gas bubbles, mold. When opening canned food you should pay attention to the cotton cover, which must be present. If it was not, then you need to think about the freshness of the product.

What to do when food microbial poisoning

When food poisoning is necessary to wash the stomach. To get rid of toxins often use substances that remove toxins from the body - these are sorbents, which are divided into two groups (white and black). Black is activated carbon, whites are, for example, Smekta and other drugs.

In the case when vomiting and diarrhea are present in food poisoning, they usually turn to heavy drinking. You should also remember that you need to drink not only just water, and salt solutions, which add drugs such as "Regidron" and others.

For poisonings that are not accompanied by diarrhea, laxatives are usually used to reduce the absorption of toxins from the intestines.

Take care of your body from such stress, watch the food, hygiene and always be healthy!

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