Is it possible to poison mushrooms
Fans of mushrooms are wondering - is it possible to poison mushrooms?
After all, everyone knows that these mushrooms do not belong to the category of poisonous, such as pale grebe or amanita. They do not apply to conditionally edible mushrooms like blueberries, waves and morels. However, not everyone knows that eating the usual edible mushrooms can cause serious harm to health.
So, in certain circumstances, it is possible that even the poisoning of the mushrooms.
The reason of poisoning by agony
The main danger of such poisoning is an underestimation of its severity. It doesn’t often occur to experienced mushroom pickers that well-known edible mushrooms can cause serious health problems.
Violations that develop in this case do not lead to death, if the body is detoxified in time. However, this can be very dangerous due to toxic effects on vital organs and systems, as well as serious violations of water and electrolyte balance.
Poisoning with honey agarics can occur if they grew up in areas with poor ecology (factories, laboratories, sites near highways or railways). In this case, the mushrooms accumulate heavy metals:
- zinc and others.
It is also known that the mushrooms have the ability to accumulate a significant amount of zinc and cobalt compared with other edible mushrooms.
In addition, during long-term storage of already collected mushrooms without thermal or any other processing, they can form various harmful substances.
Symptoms of mushroom poisoning mushrooms
The main symptoms of poisoning by mushrooms, as well as other mushrooms, appear in the first hour after their use, however, the latent period can reach twelve or more hours.
The toxins in the body are absorbed very quickly into the bloodstream, then they enter the vital organs by the hematogenous and lymphogenous pathways and have a detrimental effect on them. Heavy metals or toxic compounds, which were formed as a result of improper storage of fungi, disrupt the functioning of cell membranes, cause damage to cell structures, and prevent the normal flow of all physico-chemical reactions occurring in the body. The fastest of all organ systems to these pathological processes is the digestive system.
First of all, the victim feels:
- abdominal discomfort;
- pain in the stomach or intestines;
- signs of dehydration.
In case of poisoning by agony, if there are signs of dysfunction of the central nervous system (dizziness, lethargy, drowsiness), then they are a terrible symptom, when it appears, you should immediately call an ambulance!
Treatment and first aid
If you have eaten honey agaric and after an hour you have the first signs of mushroom poisoning, you must immediately wash the stomach. At home, tubeless rinsing is used; for this, it is necessary to drink a large amount of warm water (two to three liters) at a time and induce vomiting.
After washing the stomach, finely chopped activated charcoal should be taken - one tablet for every ten kilograms of weight, or any other sorbent.
After that, you should observe bed rest and take a large amount of liquid, preferably alkaline mineral water without gas.
Symptomatic therapy is also carried out - taking antiemetic drugs, antispasmodics.
Do not use painkillers, anti-diarrheal drugs! This may hide the clinical picture of life-threatening disorders and make further state worse.
In case of deterioration of the condition, it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance crew or go to a medical institution!
How not to poison edible mushrooms
In order to avoid all the above troubles, it is better to abandon the use of mushrooms, which grew in unfavorable areas. It should be remembered that it is undesirable to collect mushrooms near:
- railway tracks;
- near industrial enterprises;
- in the city, where there is always a huge amount of exhaust gases, and, therefore, lead compounds.
Never buy mushrooms from strangers, especially in the case of violation of the integrity of the cap or leg, as it is in this mushroom litter can get a piece of pale toadstool or mushroom.
Also be aware of the culinary processing. Mushrooms are best soaked before salting (change water every three hours for three days). Heat treatment should be carried out for at least thirty minutes. It should be remembered that the storage of mushrooms in aluminum, galvanized or earthenware is unacceptable.
Following these simple rules will help you avoid many problems and maintain your health!