What to do when poisoning with hellebore water

чемеричная вода Poisoning with hellebore water and hellebore tincture happens quite often, because these drugs are sold freely in the pharmacy and are widely used in medicine for external use and in veterinary medicine. Cases of poisoning are associated by doctors in the first place with getting rid of alcohol dependence by popular methods, namely, the addition of relatives of hellebore's drugs to their food and drink. According to some data, acute poisoning of helmerits accounts for about 11% of cases of all poisonings. At the same time, doctors are convinced that a significant part of such cases are not taken into account, as it is taking place in other diseases: myocardial infarction, conduction and heart rhythm disturbances, alcohol poisoning and intoxication of an unexplained cause.

Fatal outcome of the disease is possible, but with timely medical care is unlikely. What is the effect of hellebore water on the body and how is the puppeteer's negative influence on the person determined?

What is cemerica water and where does it apply

Chemeritsa, or puppeteer - a perennial medicinal plant. Roots and rhizomes contain up to 15% of alkaloids, the most poisonous of them - protoveratrin, proterin, veratramine glucosides and others.

Official medicine uses a decoction and tincture of hellebore only externally due to their toxicity. When neuralgia and rheumatic pains do grinding, use ointment. Broth - hellebore water, has antiparasitic effect and is used to treat lice and dandruff.

чемерица In homeopathy, it is allowed to use the hellebore's drugs inside in large dilutions for diseases of the heart and blood vessels, the intestines, for cramps of the calf muscles and for neuralgia.

In veterinary medicine, the tincture of hellebore is known as a stimulator of the stomachs of ruminants, an emetic for pigs and dogs. In the dacha farm broths are used to combat plant pests.

In folk medicine, I widely use both tincture and hellebore decoction. Apply inside and in various diseases, but the most known cases of poisoning in the treatment of alcohol dependence.

If used incorrectly, the effects of poisoning can be very serious, up to the point of death from cardiac arrest!

Poisoning is possible when ingesting more than 1 gram of pharmacy raw materials, and death - if 2 grams of hellebore are ingested. Tinctures of the root and rhizomes make 70% alcohol in a ratio of 1:10. Cemeric water is obtained by boiling the raw material in water also in the ratio of 1:10. Thus, it is extremely dangerous for life to ingest already 10 milliliters of cobalt water, and in the form of tincture, the poison will act more intensively, since alcohol dissolves the alkaloids and glucosides of plants better.

Official medicine categorically prohibits taking the hellebore inside. Do not use the vial of tincture for food. It is also dangerous to get the powder on the mucous membranes of the mouth.

Consequences of poisoning with hellebore water

артериальное давление Can one be poisoned with death by death with kemerichna water and why is it so poisonous? The main danger of poisoning with puppeteer drugs lies in their strong influence on the work of the heart. The total effect of hellebore alkaloids on a person is manifested in a violation of the heart rhythm, a drop in blood pressure and a decrease in oxygen supply to the brain. Persistent violation of heart rhythm and conduction in severe cases is poorly compensated even with medications.

Chemeritsa also has a local irritant effect directly on the receptors of the stomach, which causes invincible vomiting. Under its influence, perhaps, the development of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract - catarrh of the stomach and intestines.

Very poorly tolerated by such poisoning people with diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Do not rule out the possibility of allergies with individual intolerance to the drug or the development of anaphylactic shock.

Symptoms of poisoning

жажда When poisoning with hellebore water, the symptoms and the speed of their appearance depends on the dose and the products that the victim ate. Fatty and starchy food slows down the absorption of poison, and alcohol - accelerates. Usually signs of poisoning develop after 20-40 minutes after taking the drug inside:

  • indomitable vomiting;
  • intense thirst;
  • slowing the heart rate to 30-50 beats per minute;
  • drop in blood pressure to 70–80 mm Hg. v .;
  • sweating;
  • salivation;
  • sometimes diarrhea, bloating, rumbling;
  • with prolonged exposure - impaired consciousness.

Orthostatic phenomena are pronounced, when dizziness is observed when changing the position of the body, it gets dark in the eyes, and loss of consciousness is possible. Death can occur in 3–12 hours.

First aid

отравление чемерицей What to do in case of poisoning with tester water in the first place? Be sure to ask for medical help! You can not hide the fact of using hellebore from the ambulance brigade, as this determines the correct diagnosis. It is almost impossible to cope with poisoning, and the patient's condition may worsen at any minute.

After the emergency call, the following pre-medical measures are taken.

  1. They give to drink a lot of liquid, the water temperature should be no higher than + 18 ° C.
  2. 40–60 tablets of activated carbon, adsorbents Polysorb MP, Enterosorb, Polyphepan are given to the victim. With a strong vomiting adsorbents useless.

To eliminate the effects of hellebore alkaloids on the body, antidote injections are required.

Antidotes and treatment

преднизолон In the case of poisoning with hellebore water, treatment is aimed primarily at restoring cardiac activity.

  1. Normalize the heart rate by administering an intravenous solution of atropine sulfate 1 mg to normalize the heart rate.
  2. In order to eliminate low blood pressure, Prednisolone is administered at 30–90 mg intravenously.
  3. Then proceed to the gastric lavage through a probe, enter the enterosorbent, put a cleansing enema.
  4. 400 ml of Reopoliglyukin is injected intravenously.
  5. According to indications to restore blood circulation do injections of dopamine or adrenaline.
  6. Transport the patient to the hospital in a horizontal position.

Chemerichnaya water and Hellebore tincture - very dangerous drugs. They are widely distributed and sold in pharmacies without a prescription, however when consumed inside, it is possible that there is a strong inhibition of cardiac activity, even death. Doctors are categorically against the treatment of alcoholism as a helper, because this is what causes most of the poisoning. To eliminate the effects of exposure to poison on the body at home is impossible. If the hellebore’s preparations are swallowed in doses of more than 1–2 ml, you should immediately call the ambulance team, take 40–60 tablets of activated carbon and drink plenty of cool water.