Is it possible to poison melons

внешний вид дыни In the middle and late summer, cases of poisoning melons become more frequent. Doctors say that in most cases, it is not the melons that are to blame, but the people who abuse this tasty and useful fruit.

How to recognize - just eaten or poisoned by a poor-quality product? After all, indigestion of the stomach can be obtained even with the use of good melons. How dangerous is poisoning melons and what to do in such cases?

To begin with, let's talk about what a melon product is, what is its use and in what cases eating this melon culture can harm your health.

What is the use of melon

The melon pulp contains many useful vitamins, macro and microelements. These are vitamins of group B (including folic acid, which is important for pregnant women), A, C, E, rutin. Of the mineral elements - calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron and silicon.

в чем польза дыни

These active participants in the exchange favorably affect the skin and its derivatives, strengthen blood vessels, increase immunity, improve hemopoiesis and promote the production of hemoglobin.

The use of melon in small amounts stimulates the work of the kidneys and removes excess fluid , which prevents the development of edema. The flesh of the fruit contains a lot of fiber. In moderate doses, it improves intestinal motility, relieves constipation and normalizes the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract.

Who should not eat melon

On the other hand, because of the high content of nutrients and fiber, melon is a heavy product for the stomach. It is recommended to eat it in breaks between meals - 2 hours before or after another meal.

Can it be poisoned with good quality melons? If you mix it with alcohol, dairy products, drink cold water, it is very easy to provoke diarrhea and swelling in the intestines.

Who should not eat melon? Strict prohibition applies only to people with individual intolerance. Other categories should use this fruit with caution, limited to a few pieces - 100-200 grams per day. Especially it concerns the following groups:

  • кому нельзя дыню patients with diabetes mellitus;
  • suffering from a stomach ulcer and duodenum;
  • people with diseases of the urinary system, accompanied by edemas;
  • pregnant women with suspected gestosis.

In general, pregnant women are recommended to eat no more than 200 grams of melon per day, as with large quantities the product delays the liquid and develops edema.

To small children it is impossible to give a melon, for the same reason it is impossible to eat it to nursing mothers. There is a high likelihood of poisoning with toxins, in addition, children under one year have no enzymes to fully digest this product. After one-year-old age, the child can be offered a small piece, and children over two years old - 100-200 grams per day.

Another question - is it possible to eat melon after food poisoning? Since it is a product difficult for digestion, the answer is no, this fruit can not be used in any intestinal disorder.

Causes of Poisoning

причина отравления дыней
testing melon on nitrates

In addition to the problems caused by overeating this for digestion, the melon can be poisoned in other cases. Most often, nitrates are found in it, accumulating in melons and gourds as a result of violating the rules of agricultural technology.

In the human body, nitrates pass into nitrites and violate the patency of oxygen and carbon dioxide, paralyze the breathing of tissue. There is a lack of oxygen - hypoxia. Violated the work of the heart and brain. Blood pressure drops, which further exacerbates the situation. Children, patients with signs of heart failure are very sensitive to poisoning with nitrates and nitrites.

Another reason why a melon can become a dangerous product is the reproduction in the pulp of bacteria causing foodborne toxic infections. This can occur as a result of decay of the fetus, improper storage of it, disruption of the integrity of the peel.

Also in the pulp can accumulate various pesticides and stimulants of early maturation. From the fact that the factor has become the cause of the unfitness of the product, it depends on what time the poisoning of melons is manifested.

Symptoms of different types of poisoning

If you overeat this heavy product for the stomach, the first symptoms appear after 2 hours:

  • nausea;
  • diarrhea;
  • heaviness in the abdomen;
  • increased gassing.

Symptoms of poisoning melons with a high content of nitrates develop after 6-8 hours:

  • nausea, vomiting;
  • diarrhea, sometimes with an admixture of blood of a chocolate shade (a characteristic symptom for nitrate poisoning);
  • симптомы отравления дыней stomach ache;
  • dizziness;
  • weakness;
  • blue nails and lips;
  • dyspnea;
  • convulsions;
  • violation of liver function - pain in the right hypochondrium, bitterness in the mouth, yellowing of the eye proteins.

In the case of microbial poisoning of melons, the symptoms will be nonspecific - vomiting, diarrhea, fever.

First aid and treatment

When poisoning melons, treatment includes the following actions.

  1. лекарства при отравлении дыней Vomit and rinse the stomach with a large amount of a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate or salted water.
  2. Take sorbent - activated carbon, Enterosgel, Polysorb MP, Smecta.
  3. Cleans the intestines of the enema well .
  4. After all activities, rest and bed rest are needed.

Follow the replenishment of fluid loss. It is necessary to drink a lot of liquid, a strong sweet tea with lemon works well. For a few days, you need to maintain a sparing diet.

When nitrate poisoning helps to recover:

  • sauerkraut;
  • cucumbers;
  • vitamin C;
  • natural bread kvass;
  • kefir.

In the case of poisoning melons during pregnancy or in children under three years of age, it is better to be safe and consult a doctor. Also, medical care is needed if there are signs of damage to the nervous system-convulsions, loss of consciousness; or diarrhea does not stop within 24 hours, vomiting does not stop, blood pressure drops sharply, there are problems with breathing.

Prevention

Avoid poisoning melons can be, observing the precautionary measures:

  • buy fruits only in season;
  • профилактика отравления дыней
    melon storage

    Do not take spoiled and unripe fruit, cut or damaged;

  • choose melons with a pleasant aroma and a uniform coloring of the peel;
  • The cut fruit should not be stored in the refrigerator for more than a day.

That the child does not poison the melon, do not allow him to eat a large amount, and young children accustom to this product gradually.

Let's sum up. Melon is a useful product, but it should be moderated. With caution, you need to offer a melon to children, do not abuse it pregnant, people with ulcer diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and some other diseases. Poisoning melons can be both the result of overeating of a quality product, and the consequence of using melons and gourds grown with improper application of fertilizers and pesticides.

Signs of poisoning will be common to all food toxicoses: vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain. In case of poisoning with a product with a high content of nitrates, the cardiovascular system is also developing, in severe cases, convulsions and loss of consciousness are possible.

In mild cases, treatment with melon poisoning is standard - gastric lavage, enema, reception of enterosorbents, sparing diet. If severe symptoms occur, it is necessary to consult a doctor urgently, especially if it is a question of young children or pregnant women.

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