Can I poison myself with mushrooms?
Among the huge number of mushrooms in Russia always a special place was occupied by mushrooms. Their special taste attracted a huge number of fans.
But most people do not even think about the fact that these fungi are conditionally poisonous. Therefore, let's examine in this article, whether it is possible to poison with gruel.
Types of masturbation and the causes of poisoning them
The main reasons for the poisoning of these fungi are inability to recognize false mushrooms from the present and non-compliance with the rules for their preparation.
In the West, these mushrooms were not recognized as fit for consumption, but in Russia, the mushrooms, as we have said, are considered conditionally edible. Before consumption, such a mushroom must undergo culinary processing (soaking in water for at least three days). Otherwise, they have an unpleasant burning taste and can cause poisoning.
Botany distinguish real and false mushrooms.
Mushrooms are real
Gruzes present have original taste qualities. In adult form this fungus is very easy to distinguish from others. It has a large funnel-shaped hat and a short leg. The fungus's pulp has a sweetish pleasant smell.
But this variety of mushrooms requires soaking for three days with a change of water every 4 hours. Only after such treatment mushrooms are boiled and salted.
Among the false mushrooms are:
- pepper mushrooms;
- the squeaker;
- Muffin Camphor.
The first two types have dry pressed hats of cream color. It should be noted that these species of fungi produce a significant amount of milky juice.
Mushrooms pepper - its name speaks for itself, it has a burning pepper smell.
The fiddle can be distinguished by the characteristic squeak when carrying a sharp object over the mushroom head.
Mushrooms most often cause poisoning. This is due to the fact that it accumulates a huge amount of muscarinic substances. Initially, the camphor mushroom has a characteristic smell, which changes with the age of the fungus to coconut. If you press on the surface of the cap of this fungus, a dark golden brown stain appears.
Clinical picture of poisoning with mushrooms
Poisoning with mushrooms can manifest with various symptoms after a certain time.
Regardless of the type of poisoning by these fungi, the main symptom is gastroenterocolitis. The difference will only be in the latency period:
- with a short latent period passes from 30 minutes to 2 hours from the time of eating mushrooms to the development of a clinical picture of poisoning;
- with a long latent period from two to 48-72 hours from the time of consumption of mushrooms in food.
There are resists and pains in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, intestinal colic and diarrhea. All is accompanied by loss of water and salts and the development of a dehydration clinic and electrolyte disorders.
Treatment of poisoning with mushrooms
With a timely start, treatment is not particularly difficult.
General principles of treatment for poisoning with these fungi:
- stopping the intake of poison in the body;
- removal of poison from the body (washing of the stomach and intestines, enterosorbents);
- symptomatic therapy (most often - antiemetics);
- method of forced diuresis (infusion therapy and the appointment of diuretics).
When these symptoms appear, you need to call an ambulance team. But before the arrival of a paramedic you need:
- rinse the stomach by drinking more than 5 cups of brine (for one liter of water - one tablespoon of salt), induce vomiting by pressing the tip of the spoon on the root of the tongue;
- if possible, drink a laxative (vaseline or linseed oil );
- to go to bed, take shelter in a warm blanket, warm the limbs;
- constantly drink salt solutions or warm water.
It should be remembered that with any food poisoning categorically forbidden to eat food and alcohol. Also, antipyretic and analgesic agents are not allowed. Since such measures can erase the clinical picture of poisoning and mislead the doctor.
It is best if an adult will be with the victim who can describe the cause of this condition and describe the manipulations performed at the pre-medical stage.
After collecting anamnesis (interview) in the hospital poisoned stomach wash. Depending on the level of consciousness, this manipulation can be carried out both independently and through the nasogastric tube. Gastric lavage is best done in the first two hours after the appearance of clinical signs of poisoning. The dose of liquid for gastric lavage should be 8-10 liters (for an adult).
In addition to washing the stomach in the hospital, the bowels will be cleaned with an enema. It also needs to be done in the first two hours after the appearance of signs of poisoning.
After such unpleasant manipulations, the doctor will prescribe to the patient preparations for enterosorption:
- Activated carbon;
Laxatives are prescribed immediately after washing the stomach at a dosage of one gram per kilogram of body weight orally. If vomiting occurs, the drug should be repeated after 30-40 minutes.
The next stage of treatment is - forced diuresis with the help of diuretic drugs (Furosemide).
Intravenously injected Ringer's solution or isotonic sodium chloride solution to eliminate dehydration and prevent collapse (acute vascular insufficiency, accompanied by a fall in arterial and venous pressure). They also use drugs to increase blood pressure (Mesaton, Noradrenaline).
It should be remembered that only specialized medical assistance can prevent possible serious complications. And the lost time can become fatal for the patient.
Measures to prevent the poisoning of mushrooms
Not all people know that even true mushrooms under adverse environmental conditions can cause acute poisoning. When collecting mushrooms, attention should be paid to the presence near any industrial enterprises, roads, factories.
Thus, when collecting and preparing mushrooms, one should adhere to some simple rules:
- collect in the forest only when you are sure that it is just a mushroom in front of you (and be able to distinguish between real and false);
- avoid collecting places with a high concentration of toxic substances (routes, industrial production);
- soak the mushrooms for at least three days, changing the water every four hours;
- after soaking the mushrooms it is necessary to boil, and then to salt.
Thus, under certain conditions, it is safe to enjoy the results of harvesting the mushroom crop.
Can I poison myself with salted mushrooms? - No, if the mushrooms are properly harvested and soaked before the ambassador. Bon Appetit!