Poisoning by Corvalol
Corvalol is now present in almost every home medicine cabinet. Many consider it a universal remedy for "pain in the heart," with anxiety, as well as for calming. Frequent use of Corvalol, for various reasons and in large doses, can have serious consequences.
What awaits Corvalol's "lovers"? How much it should be drunk to poison? What are the symptoms of overdose? What to do when poisoning Corvalol? Everything about this, as well as the rules of first aid and treatment, will be discussed further.
Can it be poisoned by Corvalol and by what means? Poisoning can and happens at the expense of the long-acting barbiturate contained in it - Phenobarbital.
How many drops of Corvalol are needed to get poisoned? The maximum dose of the drug per day can reach up to 150 drops. If there is a violation of the kidneys, as well as in elderly people, it can already cause intoxication. Incorrect selection of the dose to the child is also threatened with poisoning. The cause may be anxiety-depressive disorders, and other reasons when the maximum dose is exceeded.
The deadly value of Corvalol is 0.1-0.3 grams per kilogram of weight, or an average of 20 grams of the drug. The average lethal dose of Phenobarbital is 100 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.
Symptoms of Corvalol poisoning
When Corvalol is poisoned, the symptoms can be mild, moderate and severe.
- Easy intoxication Corvalol. At the same time there is drowsiness, general weakness. During wakefulness, sluggishness, absent-mindedness, decreased muscle strength, blurred speech. Noticing at yourself or someone from around this unusual state, you need to take urgent measures, which will be discussed below.
- Symptoms of moderate poisoning are characterized by a prolonged sleep, which is pathological in nature. Such patients are very difficult to wake up. Even if they manage to plant them, they again lie down and fall asleep. In this stage salivation is more noticeable. Muscle weakness is more pronounced until the development of paresis (incomplete paralysis). Blood pressure is reduced. The patient releases little urine. Dilation of the pupils can be noted.
- Symptoms of Corvalol poisoning in severe cases are characterized by the development of barbituric coma. The patient lacks consciousness, develops a violation of breathing. Reflexes are not determined. An acute cardiovascular insufficiency develops. It manifests itself: the fall of arterial pressure, tachycardia, the appearance of wheezing in the lungs, audible at a distance, growing cyanosis of the skin from the tips of the nose, ears, nasolabial triangle, ending with a common cyanosis. Progression of acute heart failure may result in pulmonary edema.
What to do if you poison with Corvalolum
When Corvalol poisoned, what can be done at each stage of poisoning, how to provide first aid?
With mild intoxication, gastric lavage is performed to clean washings, taking any sorbent available at hand, taking into account the absence of intolerance from the calculation - one third of the maximum daily dose. At this stage, also give a salt laxative, make cleansing enema. Suitable and the reception of any enveloping drink (but this is the last thing). Be sure to call an ambulance, because the severity of the condition can quickly build up.
At a condition of average and heavy gravity it is necessary to cause an ambulance immediately!
While the brigade of medical workers of the victim is going to lay on the floor, to unbutton the restraining clothes, to turn his head to one side. Assess the presence of cardiac activity to determine pulsation at the neck.
To recognize if there is breathing, you need to put your ear to the chest. Having a phonendoscope at home will facilitate the procedure. If cardiac activity is not detected, you need to conduct an indirect cardiac massage and do artificial respiration.
Even during the transportation of the patient, the antidote of Corvalolum-Bemegrid is injected intravenously. It is most effective for mild intoxication.
In the hospital, the victim will be under the watchful eye of doctors. If breathing is disturbed, connect to the ventilator (artificial lung ventilation), inhalation of oxygen. They give a water load: they introduce solutions of sodium chloride, glucose, plasma substitutes. An increase in the volume of urine output is stimulated by Euphyllin and osmotic diuretics under the control of the concentration of magnesium and potassium in the blood.
In such patients, tissue nutrition is rapidly disrupted, and pressure sores develop, so it is very important to carry out thorough care and other anti-bedsore procedures. This is often done by relatives, not by medical personnel.
With a high concentration of Phenobarbital in the blood and a stable level of blood pressure, hemodialysis is performed. Severe poisoning is an indication for hemosorption of activated carbon, which for 1 session allows you to remove up to 70% of the poison.
Mandatory symptomatic treatment is prescribed.
Consequences of Corvalol poisoning
When Corvalol is poisoned, the consequences can be very serious. Starting from severe dermatitis, ending with acute respiratory, cardiac and renal insufficiency. The greatest number of fatalities among drug poisoning is observed precisely from drugs containing Phenobarbital and other derivatives of Barbituric acid of long-term effect. The consequences are largely determined by the dose of the substance taken, the severity of intoxication, and the timeliness of the therapeutic measures.
Today in any pharmacy you can buy Corvalol without a prescription. Because of the low availability of free medical care, it is easier for a person to drink the same Corvalol or its famous analogue Valocordin and so calm down. It became easier and better. No wonder they say that in our outpatient clinics only the healthiest person can get to the doctor. Today many heart patients and are treated. This is the result of myocardial infarction on the legs. Despite this, medical help should still be handled. Knowing about the dangers of improper treatment and intoxication with Corvalol, one must take care of your health and do not take anything without consulting a specialist!