What to do if a cat is poisoned by a rat poison
Adult cats are real hunters. Freely walking animals are not averse to catch a bird, mouse, and some cope even with older rats. Unfortunately, there is a danger for furry pets, a cat can be poisoned with drugs used to combat rodents.
How to recognize the signs of intoxication in an animal and what to do if a cat is poisoned by rat poison?
Where a cat can find a poison
Most poisons against rodents belong to the group of zookoumarins. These substances disrupt blood clotting and cause internal and external bleeding. As a rule, in order for the drug to act, repeated administration is required. Here, the danger for the cat is small. A pet can be poisoned by eating baits or poisoned rodents on a regular basis.
But there are other groups of poisons, more powerful. The same zookoumarins of the last generation:
- Zinc phosphide;
- Sodium Fluoracetate.
All these substances are extremely dangerous for animals, and poisoning of the cat with rat poison can occur both in the case of eating bait and poisoned rodent. It is clear that baits for mice that make on grain, will not interest your pet, but poison for rats is often mixed with meat products.
Symptoms of poisoning with rat poison in cats
If the cat is poisoned by rat poison based on zookoumarins, the symptoms will be as follows:
- Bleeding from the nose, the appearance of blood in the feces and urine, hemorrhages on the gums. These signs develop within 1 to 10 days after the introduction of the poison into the body.
- Vomiting may be, but not necessarily. Occurs after eating bait or rodent.
- A cat can die in a few days without obvious signs as a result of internal bleeding.
- If you use such poisons in your area, the dead rodents will have leaky blood from the mouth or anus.
In the case of eating baits containing preparations of other groups, when poisoning with rat poison in cats, the symptoms will be different:
- excitation, nervousness, increased motor activity;
- impaired coordination: the paws are braided, the animal falls to the side, can not stand up, shakes its head;
- trembling of muscles, convulsions, involuntary jerking of limbs;
- lethargy, drowsiness.
Treatment of a cat for poisoning with rat poison
If the cat has signs of poisoning with rat poison, then do not self-medicate, call or deliver the animal to the vet! As a rule, the symptoms mean that the poison has already completely absorbed into the blood and affects the body for quite a long time. Qualified veterinary assistance will be required:
- administration of an antidote;
- symptomatic and supportive therapy;
- intravenous drip of medicinal preparations.
But before the doctor comes, you can give the cat first aid.
- To induce vomiting makes sense in the event that the animal has eaten a suspicious food in front of your eyes. Otherwise, the poison has already sucked into the blood, and the procedure instead of help can harm - lead to dehydration of the body. In order for the cat to vomit, 3% hydrogen peroxide solution diluted in water (in a 1: 1 ratio) is calculated from the calculation of 1 teaspoon per 2 kg of body weight. Or apply a saturated solution of common salt. Pour violently from a spoon or syringe without a needle about 2-3 tablespoons per adult animal. You can also put a small piece of baking soda on the root of the tongue.
- To bind the poison in the stomach give a suspension of activated carbon or any adsorbent from the medicine cabinet: Polysorb MP, Enterosgel, Polyphepanum and the like. The adsorbent is diluted in warm water and poured into the mouth in an amount of about 100 ml.
- To the poison is not absorbed from the intestine into the blood, give enveloping mucous solutions: egg white, diluted with water; milk, starch paste, decoction of flax seed. The adsorbent and enveloping agent are given after vomiting has ceased.
- After three hours after evaporation of the enveloping, give a laxative: 2% solution of magnesium or sodium sulfate in an amount of 5-10 ml, vaseline or castor oil.
- The intestines can be cleaned with an enema: 20-30 milliliters of physiological saline or boiled water are injected into the anus. The enema should be at room temperature.
If the symptoms of poisoning the cat with rat poison indicate the effects of anticoagulants (drugs that violate blood coagulation), then intramuscularly inject vitamin K (Vikasol) in a dose of 1-2 ml. Treatment is carried out for a long time - from a few weeks to two months.
Another common drug for fighting rodents is Zinc Phosphide. It is dangerous only in the event of a cat eating bait. If your pet eats a rodent poisoned with such poison, then there is no threat to life. Symptoms develop within an hour after the poison enters the body: repeated vomiting, sometimes of a dark brown color; sharp pain in the stomach, smell of rotten fish from the mouth, difficulty breathing, convulsions. When zinc phosphide is poisoned as a first aid, the stomach is washed with 0.5% solution of copper sulfate (copper sulfate), 2% with baking soda solution, and preparations of aluminum and magnesium (Maalox).
Care of the convalescent cat
In all cases, the animal requires qualified veterinary care. Even if the poisoning is at first sight not strong, the consequences can be manifested for a long time. In addition to pills and injections, the animal will need proper care.
The first day after poisoning the cat is given only water. Then the animal is transferred to a diet:
- low-fat boiled meat;
- a fish;
- a little boiled carrots, courgettes, cauliflower;
- in small quantities give rice and oatmeal.
When Bromethalin is poisoned, the cat may not have an appetite for a long time. Do not feed the animal by force! In this case, you will need the help of a veterinarian. Maybe for a while the cat will have to be held on droppers.
Be attentive to your pets. Do not dismiss minor signs of malaise. Sometimes the life of an animal depends on the speed of your actions. If signs of poisoning occur, immediately induce vomiting and seek veterinary care.