What to do when poisoning paint
Different chemicals may present a certain danger to health. Immediately recollect poison gas, pesticides, carcinogens . However, even the most banal substances that are often used in any household can inflict the most serious health damage. It is a question of paints and about their integral component - solvents.
To paint something is a frequent household task, especially when living in a private house. Yes, there, even for a purely urban resident, not burdened with the burden of technical knowledge, painting home batteries, doors, thresholds seems something ordinary and does not require certain skills and knowledge. This is the real mistake. An underestimated danger, and as a result, violation of basic safety rules, can lead to the fact that such a painter sooner or later will feel signs of poisoning with paint.
Types of poisoning
In medical practice, acute and chronic poisoning with vapor of a paint is allocated.
Acute poisoning occurs much more often, especially in the summer, in people who have started repairing themselves. In this case, more often than not, there can not be a speech about safety. Therefore, the classic symptoms of steam poisoning often occur. The danger of such poisoning lies in the fact that the victim immediately and does not notice changes in the state of his body.
Chronic intoxication of the body with vapors of paint and solvents does not occur immediately. This condition is observed in professionals who daily inhale poisonous vapors through the upper respiratory tract. This condition is characterized more often by the appearance of depressive states, the accumulation of fatigue, which often does not pass even after the days off.
In case of acute poisoning with the paint, the symptoms appear already in the first hours after the inhalation of the vapor, then, as with chronic poisoning, the first symptoms can be recognized after several months. It is important to remember which symptoms occur in the first place in case of paint poisoning.
Symptoms of poisoning with paint
Symptoms of vapor poisoning are divided into primary and remote. The primary signs of poisoning include:
- unbearable headache;
- irritation of the mucous membrane of the eyes - redness, burning, lacrimation;
- upper respiratory tract burn;
- the smell of acetone from the mouth;
- an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth;
- possible diarrhea;
- heavy, shallow breathing;
- pallor of the skin;
- a syncope is possible.
Possible long-term effects of paint poisoning can be as follows:
- functional impairment of the cardiovascular system (reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure), which can also lead to severe headache and dizziness;
- functional impairments on the part of the respiratory system - due to the burn of the upper respiratory tract with steam of the paint, there is a difficult surface breathing, patients complain of chest tightness. As a result of such violations, a sufficient amount of oxygen does not enter the lungs. This can also be the cause of severe headaches;
- ophthalmic pathology (irritation of the mucous membrane of the eyes with vapors of the paint, damage to the optic nerve leads to a significant decrease in vision).
If the above signs occur, first aid should be given when poisoning with paint. Since in this situation the victim often loses consciousness, not everyone will be able to navigate, how to help the patient and what, in general, do when poisoning with paint.
First aid for poisoning and treatment
First aid for paint poisoning includes a number of the following activities.
- Provide the victim with a good flow of air, it is better to take him outside.
- Abundant alkaline drink.
- If you lose consciousness, the patient must be laid on one side, bending one leg in the knee joint for the most stable position. Toward the nose, bring cotton wool soaked with ammonia.
In the most severe cases, the patient may experience life-threatening conditions - significant lowering of blood pressure, shallow breathing or completely lack of it, as well as palpitations. In this case, immediate medical assistance is required. Call the emergency medical team as soon as possible!
In the absence of breathing, the patient should be placed on his back, ensure the patency of the upper respiratory tract, and carry out artificial ventilation of the lungs using the "mouth to mouth" method. In the absence of pulsation on the carotid artery, an immediate massage of the heart should be performed. Only quick, clear actions on your part can save the life of the patient.
Treatment of poisoning with vapors of a paint is spent only in a hospital by the doctor the toxicologist. In severe situations, the patient is hospitalized in the intensive care unit. The main task of doctors is to remove toxins from the body by performing infusion therapy. Patients are also prescribed sedatives and funds to maintain the cardiovascular system.
How to prevent steam poisoning
Before starting repairs, you need to protect yourself as much as possible. The most important attribute in this situation is a mask or respirator. Also, after a while, go out into the air. If on the way out you feel the smell of acetone from the mouth or dizziness, you should postpone the work for a few days.
After all of the above, it becomes clear that working with paint, like in any other kind of activity, requires certain knowledge and skills. Perhaps it's worth thinking about hiring a professional painter. Disorganization, frivolous attitude to work and carelessness can force to pay with own health. Conversely, a strong knowledge of safety techniques, an idea of what symptoms of paint poisoning may appear during work, and what to do when poisoning with paint vapor, will help to avoid very serious problems. A little care and attention - and any work will be easy and safe!