Poisoning at sea
Summer, sea and sun - what could be better for a family holiday? But in order to leave only pleasant impressions on vacation, it is advisable to follow the recommendations of the sanitary doctors, allowing you to keep yourself and your loved ones healthy. Sea poisoning, as well as infectious diseases, is not uncommon, as the hot climate, the coastal strip and mass concentrations of people from different parts of the world complicate the situation. For a person with a weak immune system, climate change, heat, or hypothermia in water can be a serious stress that weakens the body and increases its susceptibility to pathogenic agents.
Is it possible to get poisoned with sea water, with which it is easy to confuse food poisoning at sea and how to give first aid to the victim? When do I need to see a doctor, and when can I limit myself to self-treatment? Let's figure it out.
Is it possible to poison sea water
Vacationers at sea often complain of seawater poisoning. Accompanied by illness, fever, vomiting, feeling unwell, rarely stool disorder. Young children are especially susceptible to such diseases.
What really happens? Is it dangerous to swim in the sea?
Doctors infectious disease in one voice claim that sea water itself is absolutely safe. The increased content of sea salt and iodine compounds gives it weak antiseptic properties. For this reason, seawater is not capable of serving as an environment for the preservation and spread of intestinal or other infections, as is the case in polluted freshwater bodies and water sources.
Saline solutions rinse your throat with laryngitis, wash your nose when you have a cold, make stretching baths with them for purulent skin diseases. In addition, to get sick, you need to get a large enough dose of a toxic substance. And this is not fresh water, you will not drink much of it.
What happens if you swallow sea water while bathing? Usually this is the sin of the children. If the baby has received a significant portion of water, then the poisoning of a child at sea may be manifested by nausea and vomiting, poor health, loss of appetite. Temperature and diarrhea will not. This condition is caused by the influence of salt water on the wall of the stomach. It takes place in one day, and, in order to ease nausea, it is recommended to drink a lot of ordinary water.
Causes of poisoning at sea
If there are other signs, then most likely the patient became a victim of one of the following factors.
- Infection. In resort areas, children, and sometimes adults, often pick up enterovirus or rotavirus enteritis. Characterized by repeated vomiting, diarrhea, temperature above 38 ° C.
- Food poisoning. Intestinal infection may develop as a result of food poisoning. Contribute to poor quality food hot climate, food in unsanitary conditions, exotic cuisine, changing the usual diet. Characteristic signs - vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, sometimes fever, often low (if there is no intestinal infection).
- Sunstroke or overheating. In case of violation of the thermoregulation of the body, body temperature rises, a person experiences weakness, fainting, headaches. Possible single vomiting, nausea. Diarrhea during heat stroke does not happen. Body temperature can rise above 38 ° C.
Common symptoms of poisoning
In intestinal infections and food poisoning at sea, symptoms can manifest themselves in varying degrees. In order to begin treatment, it is not necessary to establish the diagnosis exactly — intestinal disorders are treated equally. The danger is not to miss serious infectious diseases - typhoid, salmonella, cholera, botulism or toxin poisoning. If there is a mild poisoning or infection that can be treated at home, there will be the following symptoms:
- sometimes sneezing and runny nose.
Usually, the disease begins acutely with fever and vomiting. These disorders go away in 2–3 days. Sometimes with the slow development of the disease, diarrhea and high temperature occur on the 2-3rd day from the beginning.
First aid for poisoning at sea
- When poisoning with sea water, if a child or adult swallowed it a lot, it is recommended to drink more fluids and eat easily digestible foods.
- If there is confidence that this is food poisoning, then you need to wash the stomach with plenty of salted water or a solution of weakly pink manganese — drink, tear out, drink again, and so several times until the stomach clears from the food masses.
- If there is a suspicion of viral enteritis, then it is not necessary to provoke vomiting. The mild form will pass in a couple of days, in case of a severe course of the disease - consult a doctor.
- With heat stroke, the victim is placed in the shade, wiped with cool water.
After taking the first steps, they start treating the poisoning.
Treatment of poisoning at sea
Here is an example diagram of how to treat sea poisoning.
- With severe vomiting and diarrhea, be sure to take drugs for dehydration: "Regidron", "Hydrovit." If they are not available - drink mineral water, after releasing gas from the bottle. A home analogue of “Regidron” is also suitable - sweetened water with a pinch of salt (for one liter, 1 teaspoon of salt and 4–6 teaspoons of sugar).
- Drugs against infection. In order not to allow opportunistic intestinal microflora to roam, Enterofuril is taken . Antibiotics are not recommended to drink (doctors prescribe them only in 10% of cases of intestinal infections).
- If rotavirus or coronoviral enteritis is suspected, antiviral drugs are taken - Tsitovir.
- Universal medicine for poisoning at the sea from tourists - "Smekta". It stops diarrhea, has softening properties and is an adsorbent - a substance that absorbs toxins. Analogs “Smekty”, possessing only adsorbing action (in decreasing order of effectiveness): “Polysorb MP”, “Enterosgel”, “Polyphepan”, activated carbon. It is necessary to accept them in breaks between other medicines.
- Antipyretic drugs are drunk at temperatures above 38.5 ° C. Remember that children should not be given aspirin, they need a paracetamol or analgin medication. In order to reduce body temperature, you can wipe the baby with a wet towel. Well beats down the heat rubbing with a solution of table vinegar (9%) - 1 part vinegar to 2 parts water.
- Drink plenty of fluids to restore fluid loss and speed up the elimination of toxins from the body.
- The first day - a hungry diet, then go to a sparing food: liquid porridges, wiped soups.
If a child is poisoned at sea, it is necessary to consult a doctor in the following cases:
- a child under the age of three;
- signs of dehydration (loss of skin elasticity, sunken eyes, chapped lips, little urine);
- dark urine;
- uncharacteristic symptoms (difficulty swallowing, respiratory failure, rash, swelling of the joints).
It is also necessary to consult a doctor and children, and adults, if vomiting does not pass within 24 hours.
Prevention of poisoning at sea
How to avoid poisoning at sea and other troubles, so as not to spoil your rest and keep yourself healthy? Be attentive to your well-being and avoid questionable situations:
- take the necessary medications with you to the sea trip in advance;
- do not be in the sun at the peak of heat;
- wear hats and light clothing;
- wash all vegetables and fruits thoroughly;
- do not eat salads;
- if possible, use disposable or personalized dishes;
- try to eat in the same dining room, but not in different;
- in the heat try not to buy meat products;
- do not buy food from private sellers who carry it on the beach;
- Watch the quality of drinking water - it is best to buy bottled water.
Let's sum up. When resting in the coastal areas, people often face such troubles as intestinal infections and poisoning. Characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, fever. Symptomatic treatment: the use of reducing fluids, enterosorbents, antipyretic drugs. It is recommended to follow a sparing diet. If signs of acute intestinal infection or poisoning with strong toxins appear, immediately consult a doctor.