Can I poison myself with beer?
Beer as one of the varieties of low-alcohol beverages is popular in our country today. The Russian beer market is considered to be one of the largest in the world. This is due to the need of the population in this drink.
Given the last fact and specificity of our site, I would like to find out: can I poison myself with beer? In what cases is this happening? What clinical symptoms occur? What to do with poisoning and how to treat it? About this and talk below.
Is there a beer intoxication?
Poisoning beer is quite common. And it happens for several reasons:
- Poisoning of alcohol in alcohol abuse or intolerance.
- When mixing surrogate alcohol containing toxic alcohols to beer.
- Overdue product.
- When using draft beer, when the sanitary and hygienic standards are not met when bottling in containers: dirty hands or containers. Poisoning in this case occurs under the guise of food poisoning.
Symptoms of poisoning
Most often there is alcohol poisoning with beer, so we will dwell on it in more detail. First, after a certain amount of drunk, comes intoxication, which can be 3 degrees: mild, moderate and strong. After a certain time, it turns into poisoning. Signs of the latter appear already at the stage of average intoxication with the subsequent transition to a strong, then to a superficial and deep coma. Consider the symptoms of beer poisoning at each stage.
There is an excited state, characterized by increased emotionality, motor and speech activity. Self-control and criticism are reduced. Glitter of eyes and red face are noted. A person feels unnatural joy, a sense of relaxation. He has increased salivation and sweating.
Usually such intoxication passes without consequences.
Motor activity decreases. There comes drowsiness, lethargy. Speech in such people "zapletayuschayasya", disrupted coordination of movements. Attention is absent-minded. Even more reduced criticism to their actions and an adequate assessment of opportunities.
After such intoxication, a hangover syndrome occurs, which is a sign of mild alcohol intoxication.
At this stage, the poisoning with beer is clearly manifested, the symptoms of which will be as follows:
- nausea, vomiting;
- speech is indistinct;
- a person can not go on his own;
- Drowsiness, gradually turning into a disturbance of consciousness, beginning with deafness;
- lowering of blood pressure.
Gradually, the victim falls into a coma.
Patients in a coma lack consciousness, speech and movement are impossible. Pupils are narrowed at first, lightly react lightly.
Characteristic reaction to pain stimulation, as well as to ammonia in the form of pupil dilatation, the appearance of response mimic muscles and the movement of hands.
As the coma deepens, the pupils cease to react to light and expand. The pain response is reduced until the termination. Reflexes are absent. Characteristic of complete muscle relaxation and lower body temperature.
Other types of beer poisoning
When mixing beer with stronger alcohol containing toxic alcohols, the onset of poisoning is characterized by similar symptoms of intoxication. Methanol poisoning is indicated by visual impairment. Pain in the abdomen will be with intoxication with propyl alcohol, ethylene glycol.
For these poisonings is also characteristic of the oppression of consciousness with the development of coma. Events under such conditions develop faster than when poisoning with pure beer.
When food poisoning and the presence of infection due to dirty packaging or non-compliance with expiration dates, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever will come to the fore.
What to do with beer poisoning
What if I get poisoned with beer? First, let's see in what cases a doctor is always needed:
- impaired consciousness;
- violation of cardiac or respiratory activity;
- development of "white fever", hallucinations;
- suspicion of poisoning by surrogates;
- presence of serious concomitant diseases.
The patient is left at home with mild intoxication, as well as with an average, if there are no violations from the cardiovascular system or respiration.
When poisoning with beer, that's what can be done if the patient remains at home:
- reception of sorbents;
- drink plenty of water or tea;
- provide a restful sleep.
First aid for moderate poisoning
In case of moderate poisoning, gastric lavage is carried out in small portions of the liquid (500 ml) to clean wash water and sorbent intake.
If the patient is unconscious, he is placed on a firm surface and turns his head to one side so that the vomit does not enter the respiratory tract and to prevent the tongue from dipping. Then call the emergency medical team.
Heavy intoxication treatment with beer
Treatment of beer poisoning is very important to start on time. The outcome of the disease largely depends on this. The help with poisoning differs depending on the severity of the process. When serious gravity or coma is poisoned, the patient is hospitalized in the intensive care unit.
In the hospital, breathing is provided by intubation of the trachea, if necessary, and the stomach is washed through the probe. Suck off the mucus and vomit from the mouth, nose, pharynx. If necessary, we carry the toilet of the bronchial tree. Assigns forced diuresis. When poisoning surrogates you may need hemodialysis. From the moment of admission to the clinic, patients without consciousness are prescribed antibiotics to prevent aspiration pneumonia, are engaged in stabilizing the work of the heart.
Treatment of food poisoning with beer
Foodborne toxicosis is treated in the infectious department in case of severe course, and for mild to moderate poisoning - outpatient.
We recommend an abundant drink, reception of activated charcoal, therapeutic nutrition, including strong not very sweet tea with breadcrumbs, mucous soups, jelly, rubbed porridges.
In severe conditions, wash the stomach, prescribe antibacterial drugs, carry out intravenous-drop introduction of saline solutions.
So can you poison yourself with live and bottled beer? The danger is great with the abuse of the drink, as well as in the case of violation of basic hygiene rules. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning beer largely depend on whether it was used in its pure form or in combination with stronger alcohol, and also on the quality of this alcohol. Much determines the presence or absence of dependence on alcohol. The degree of intoxication is due to the concentration of alcohol in the blood. Treatment is reduced to the application of general principles of poisoning therapy, with the exception of some trifles, which were mentioned. Compliance with simple hygiene procedures, checking the shelf life of the product, and moderation will help avoid poisoning.