How to treat a dog with poisoning
A dog can poison itself by chance, and can be poisoned by an evil neighbor, who is annoyed by its loud barking. In any case, for a loving owner, this is real grief.
How to help your pet if he was poisoned? We will talk about this below.
Causes of Dog Poisoning
Dogs are little picky about food, they gnaw, they grab everything they throw at the fly, so they can get poisoned by various substances. Of practical importance is the separation of poison, depending on the way it enters the body of an animal. Therefore the following causes of poisoning are most likely.
- Dogs eat the poisonous substance, it enters the stomach and intestines, and from there it is absorbed into the blood. Causes: the animal ate a spoiled food product, poison for rats, deliberate poisoning with “dog-hunters”, improper use of drugs by the host (for example, during deworming).
- Less commonly, the cause of poisoning is medications from the home first-aid kit, household chemicals, alcohol, petroleum products, poisonous plants, residual pesticides, anti-icing agents.
- Inhalation gas poisoning. Carbon monoxide when shipped in a closed body, a pair of gasoline and kerosene.
- The contact effect of poison, that is, it is absorbed through the skin. Included in this group are improper use of flea drugs and petroleum poisoning.
The first signs of poisoning in dogs may be similar to manifestations of infectious diseases. Especially often owners confuse poisoning and the initial stage of viral enteritis. In this disease, vomiting and refusal of feed are also characteristic. The owner assumes that the dog is sick and therefore does not eat anything. What to do, because in this case, most first aid measures will only worsen the situation? Viral enteritis is characterized by white, foamy vomiting, which increases with the development of symptoms. When poisoning is often present signs of damage to the nervous system.
What are the symptoms of dogs with poisoning?
The main signs of poisoning in dogs include:
- excessive salivation;
- abdominal tenderness;
- muscle weakness, gait disturbance, involuntary twitching;
- convulsions or paralysis;
- loss of consciousness, coma;
- change in heart rate and / or respiration;
- under the influence of some poisons, pupil dilation is noted, possibly the onset of blindness.
First aid for poisoning dogs
In any case, you should contact your veterinarian. Many poisons can be delayed in nature. But first you should give first aid in case of poisoning the dog.
- Break the contact of the dog with poison.
- On ingestion of a dangerous substance to provoke vomiting: pour warm solution of sodium chloride or baking soda (1 tablespoon per glass of water). Or a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio, give a dose of 1 tablespoon per 3 kg of live weight.
- In case of poison on the skin, rinse with warm water and baby soap.
- In case of gas poisoning, remove the animal to fresh air.
- Carbon monoxide is partially neutralized with abundant washing of the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth with a 3% solution of baking soda.
- Call a veterinarian or take the animal to the clinic. Also, by phone, you can get a preliminary consultation on how to treat poisoning in a dog, which can and cannot be done in a particular case.
- While the doctor is traveling, give the dog one of the adsorbents for binding and removing poison from the intestines: activated charcoal at a rate of 1-3 grams per 1 kg of weight, Enterosgel, Polyphepanum, Enterosorb.
- Half an hour after the absorption of the adsorbent give the dog a laxative and enveloping.
Attention! Do not provoke vomiting in case of poisoning with petroleum products, caustic alkalis and acids. Since the reverse passage of these toxic substances through the esophagus, a chemical burn can occur.
What to give a dog with poisoning?
- decoction of flaxseed;
- liquid starch paste;
- egg white (diluted with water 1: 1);
- salt laxatives (Glauber or Karlovy Vary salt);
- oil laxatives (if not contraindicated).
It is advisable to milk milk only if the dog is poisoned by heavy metal salts (lead, mercury). Otherwise, it can cause harm by speeding up the absorption of poison from the stomach and intestines.
Dog treatment for poisoning
Treatment should appoint a veterinarian. When a dog is poisoned, specific symptoms are important and therefore treatment can be quite narrowly focused. In the clinic, if necessary, the animal will do:
- gastric lavage;
- deep cleansing enema;
- introduce a specific antidote - an antidote;
- prescribed diuretics to accelerate the removal of poison from the blood;
- will conduct symptomatic treatment aimed at maintaining liver function, heart activity, breathing recovery;
- for severe convulsions, it may be necessary to administer anticonvulsants, and for foodborne toxic infections, antibiotic treatment is required.
We treat the dog yourself
What to do at home, if the dog poisoned you known poison?
Self-medication is justified only if you are sure that the animal has been exposed to the following poisons.
- Isoniazid. These are pills for tuberculosis, used by dog hunters to kill dogs. The effect of the poison manifests itself within 30–60 minutes and may be accompanied by impaired coordination of movements, seizures. Vomiting may be absent. How to treat a dog with isoniazid poisoning? To neutralize the poison, 30–50 ml of a 1% solution of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is administered intravenously. If you can not do an intravenous injection, colitis intramuscularly.
- Poisoning with rat poison on the basis of drugs that violate blood clotting. The main symptom is the presence of non-coagulated blood in vomit, feces, bleeding from the nose and mouth. Such a poison acts slowly, from 1 to 10 days, usually the signs appear 3-5 days after eating the bait. Intramuscular injection of vitamin K (Vikasol) in a dose of 1-2 ml per dog.
- If acid or alkali is ingested into the stomach, do not induce vomiting. Neither is it recommended to neutralize by drinking out soda or citric acid. Wash the nose, mouth, tongue with plenty of water and pour 0.5–1 liter of liquid with the adsorbent into the dog. The animal will need a gastric lavage through a tube.
- In case of arsenic poisoning from the dog's mouth, you can catch the garlic smell. After the first aid measures, a mixture of magnesium oxide and iron oxide sulfate is drunk. 500 grams of magnesium oxide and 100 grams of iron oxide sulfate are dissolved in 500 milliliters of warm water. Give 50-100 milliliters every 15 minutes after the first signs of poisoning, only 2-4 times.
After any food poisoning, the dog is kept for a day without food, giving plenty of drink. Feeding begins with small amounts of food, let's digest food:
- cottage cheese;
- low-fat boiled meat.
Also conduct rehabilitation therapy.
Remember that prescribing drugs must veterinarian. If you are unable to deliver the dog to the vet, try to get advice by phone, while describing the situation in detail.