Than to treat a dog at a poisoning
Poison the dog can itself by accident, and can be poisoned by an evil neighbor, who is annoyed by her loud barking. In any case, for a loving master, this is a real grief.
How to help your pet if it is poisoned? We'll talk about this below.
Causes of Poisoning Dogs
Dogs are little choosy about food, they chew, they grab on the fly everything they throw, so poisoning can occur under the influence of various substances. Of practical importance is the separation of the poison depending on the path of its entry into the animal's body. Therefore, the following are the most likely causes of poisoning.
- Dogs eat poisonous substance, it enters the stomach and intestines, and from there it is absorbed into the blood. Causes: An animal has eaten a spoiled food product, a poison for rats, deliberate poisoning by dog owners, misuse of medicines by the host (for example, with deworming).
- Less often the cause of poisoning are drugs from the home medicine chest, household chemicals, alcohol, oil products, poisonous plants, residual pesticides, reagents against ice.
- Poisoning by inhalation. Carbon monoxide when transported in a closed body, a pair of gasoline and kerosene.
- The contact action of the poison, that is, it is absorbed through the skin. This group includes improper use of funds from fleas, poisoning with oil products.
The first signs of poisoning in dogs can be similar to manifestations of infectious diseases. Especially often owners confuse poisoning and the initial stage of viral enteritis. This disease is also characterized by vomiting and refusal of feed. The owner assumes that the dog is ill and therefore does not eat anything. What to do, in fact in this case the majority of actions of the first help only will worsen a situation? Viral enteritis is characterized by white foamy vomiting, which increases with the development of symptoms. And when poisoning is often present signs of damage to the nervous system.
What are the symptoms of dogs poisoning?
The main signs of poisoning in dogs are:
- copious salivation;
- soreness of the abdomen;
- Muscular weakness, gait disturbance, involuntary twitching;
- convulsions or paralysis;
- loss of consciousness, coma;
- changes in heart rate and / or breathing;
- under the influence of some poisons, the pupils are dilated, possibly the onset of blindness.
First aid for poisoning the dog
In any case, you should contact your veterinarian. Many poisons can have a delayed nature of the lesion. But first you should provide first aid in poisoning the dog.
- Interrupt the dog's contact with the poison.
- When a dangerous substance enters, induce vomiting: pour a warm solution of table salt or baking soda (1 tablespoon per glass of water). Or 3% hydrogen peroxide solution diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1, give a dose of 1 tablespoon per 3 kg of live weight.
- If you get poison on the skin, rinse with warm water and baby soap.
- When poisoning with gases, remove the animal to fresh air.
- Carbon monoxide is partially neutralized by abundant washing of the mucous membranes of the eyes and mouth with a 3% solution of baking soda.
- Call a veterinarian or take the animal to the clinic. Also, by telephone, you can receive a preliminary consultation, rather than treat the poisoning of the dog, which can and can not be done in a particular case.
- While the doctor is going, give the dog one of the adsorbents to bind and remove the poison from the intestine: activated charcoal from the calculation of 1-3 grams per 1 kg of weight, Enterosgel, Polyphepan, Enterosorb.
- Half an hour after the adsorbent has been evaporated, give the dog a laxative and enveloping.
Attention! Do not induce vomiting during poisoning with oil products, caustic alkalis and acids. Since the reverse passage of these poisonous substances through the esophagus, a chemical burn can occur.
What to give the dog for poisoning?
- decoction of flaxseed;
- liquid starch paste;
- egg white (dilute with water 1: 1);
- Saline laxatives (glauberova or Karlovy Vary salt);
- oil laxatives (if there are no contraindications).
Milk is advisable to evaporate only if the dog is poisoned with salts of heavy metals (lead, mercury). Otherwise, it can cause harm by speeding up the assimilation of poison from the stomach and intestines.
Treatment of dogs with poisoning
Treatment should appoint a veterinarian. When poisoning a dog, specific symptoms are important and therefore the treatment can be quite narrow-minded. In the clinic, the animal, if necessary, will be:
- gastric lavage;
- a deep cleansing enema;
- introduce a specific antidote - antidote;
- prescribe diuretics to accelerate the excretion of poison from the blood;
- will conduct symptomatic treatment aimed at maintaining liver function, heart activity, respiratory recovery;
- with severe convulsions, it may be necessary to administer anticonvulsant drugs, and in case of food poisoning - antibiotic treatment.
Treat the dog yourself
What to do at home, if the dog poisoned you with a poison?
Self-treatment justifies itself only if you are sure that the animal has been exposed to the following poisons.
- Isoniazid. These are pills from tuberculosis, used by dog-men to destroy dogs. The effect of the poison manifests itself within 30-60 minutes and can be accompanied by a violation of coordination of movements, convulsions. Vomiting may be absent. Than to treat a dog at an isoniazid poisoning? To neutralize the poison, 30-50 ml of a 1% solution of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is administered intravenously. If you can not make an intravenous injection, colitis intramuscularly.
- Poisoning with rat poison based on drugs that violate blood clotting. The main sign is the presence of uncontaminated blood in vomit masses, feces, nosebleeds and mouth bleeding. Such a poison acts slowly, from 1 to 10 days, usually signs appear 3-5 days after eating the bait. Intramuscularly injected vitamin K (Vikasol) in a dose of 1-2 ml per dog.
- If acid or alkali enters the stomach, do not induce vomiting. It is also not recommended to neutralize by evaporating soda or citric acid. Wash the nose, mouth, tongue with plenty of water and pour 0.5-1 liter of liquid into the dog with the adsorbent. The animal will need to wash the stomach through the probe.
- When poisoning arsenic from the mouth of a dog, you can catch a garlic smell. After carrying out the first aid measures, a mixture of magnesium oxide and ferric sulfate is precipitated. In 500 milliliters of warm water, dissolve 20 grams of magnesium oxide and 100 grams of ferric sulfate. Give 50-100 milliliters every 15 minutes after the first signs of poisoning, only 2-4 times.
After any food poisoning, the dog can stand a day without food, give a plentiful drink. Feeding starts with small amounts of food, let's digestible food:
- cottage cheese;
- lean boiled meat.
Restorative therapy is also carried out.
Remember that appoint veterinary medicine. If you do not have the opportunity to deliver the dog to a veterinarian, try to get advice by phone, while describing the situation in detail.