Food poisoning with home canned food and pickles according to statistics is not too frequent, however, they should be treated with special attention. Let's try to figure out whether it is possible to poison pickled cucumbers?
The fact is that marinating vegetables at home takes place in conditions incomparable in terms of sanitary and hygienic characteristics with industrial ones. Banks are sterilized over steam or wrap around boiling water, the products are washed with ordinary running water. In short, to achieve complete sterilization is impossible.
Causes of pickle poisoning
Consequences of homemade marinades can be dire. To a greater extent this applies to vegetables, for example, salted cucumber poisoning is recorded more often, and the causes of such poisoning may be different.
Pesticides in vegetables
Agricultural chemicals for the destruction of pests, can be organic and inorganic, contain hazardous chlorine, phosphorus, metals, etc.
Accumulating initially in the soil and water, then the pesticides pass into the plants, and from them to humans. Poisoning with pesticides annually takes about forty thousand human lives.
Fertilizers for vegetables
Potassium or ammonium nitrate is an excellent fertilizer for all types of plants. Once in the soil, nitrogen is released, which is necessary for crops for intensive growth and cell division. The more fertilizer, the faster the vegetables will grow, the more in volume and weight the fruits will be, and, consequently, it becomes possible to harvest a good crop 2-3 times a year and thereby increase the profit from the sale.
Unscrupulous farmers use this, fertilizing the soil with an incredible amount of nitrate. As a result, nitrogen accumulates in the roots, and the use of such vegetables becomes extremely dangerous. There are nitrate food poisoning.
Poorly washed vegetables can contain botulinum toxin and staphylococcus toxin, which under certain conditions produce toxic toxins, leading to serious food poisoning.
Heavy metal salts
Cucumbers grown in close proximity to highways may contain heavy metal salts, in particular lead. They accumulate in the body causing poisoning.
Signs of poisoning
Depending on the cause, the symptoms of cucumber poisoning will differ somewhat from each other. The beginning is about the same and is characterized by the following symptoms:
- abdominal pain (heaviness or cramps may appear after 1-5 hours after eating pickled cucumbers);
- nausea and vomiting (following pain);
- diarrhea (sometimes);
- headache, dizziness, decrease in pressure and tachycardia;
- cold sweat, pallor, dry mouth, severe weakness may be signs of dehydration;
- fever (more often with poisoning by pathogenic bacteria).
Gradually, symptoms typical of a certain type of poisoning can join the clinical picture.
Signs of nitrate poisoning
Most often, cucumber poisoning is caused by nitrate poisoning, or botulism.
For the defeat of the body with nitrates is characterized by the formation in the blood of methemoglobin, unable to carry oxygen. As a result, hypoxic starvation of all organs and tissues develops.
Easy nitrate poisoning
When lightly poisoned with nitrates:
- the cyanosis of the skin appears;
- dizziness and headache;
- easy disorientation in space.
Signs go away without treatment in 1-2 days.
Poisoning with nitrates of moderate severity
As a result of oxygen starvation, cyanosis increases, cyanosis of the mucous membranes appears, dizziness and impairment of consciousness increase, there can be shakiness when walking, inhibited speech and thinking, shortness of breath, tachycardia.
Severe nitrate poisoning
The skin becomes dark blue, there are various neurological disorders, sharp excitement, vomiting, and then stupor and coma.
Poisoning with pickled cucumbers with nitrates is usually easy and does not require symptomatic treatment. All signs pass by themselves.
Signs of botulism poisoning
Often, infectious disease doctors register cases of botulism when eating salted cucumbers. Canned food and marinades are a favorite place for botulinum toxin. The pathogen develops in the absence of oxygen and in the course of its vital activity it releases gas. It is important to remember that in no case can pickled cucumbers with swollen lids for food!
The specific symptoms of salt pickle poisoning when botulinum toxin is injected into them are characterized by:
- blurred vision, double vision;
- difficulty swallowing;
- lesion of respiratory muscles and respiratory disorder, shortness of breath;
- weakness in all muscle groups;
- in severe cases, respiratory arrest is possible.
Poisoning with pickles due to ingress of pesticides or heavy metal salts in them is extremely rare and it is almost impossible to distinguish it from other poisonings. People often ask the question, is it possible to get poisoned with pickles bought in a store? It is possible, but still the risk of poisoning homemade pickles is higher.
In case of cucumber poisoning, symptomatic therapy is carried out. If the degree of poisoning is mild, the stomach is washed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate; enterosorbents are used:
- Activated carbon;
Such events are quite enough to improve the condition.
With more severe flow, hospitalization is indicated. In the hospital for the removal and neutralization of toxin also carried out:
- gastric lavage;
- forced diuresis;
- parenteral administration of solutions of sodium chloride, potassium mixture, vitamin C.
In case of poisoning with nitrates, the introduction of methylene blue is shown intravenously to accelerate the disintegration of methemoglobin and the course of injections of vitamin C in a large dose. When botulism injected specific serum.
Prevention of pickle poisoning
Prevention consists in the careful processing of cucumbers and dishes before canning at home.
You need to buy vegetables only in the season of their growth, then the risk of nitrate poisoning will be minimal. Be sure to comply with the terms and conditions of storage of marinades, do not eat spoiled canned food.