Poisoning sushi and rolls
Sushi and rolls are gaining increasing popularity in our days. This is the traditional food of the Japanese, but in Russia sushi and rolls are also widely eaten. And not only gourmets and lovers of the exotic.
Sushi is a lump of specially cooked rice with a slice of fish on top. Instead of fish, you can use caviar and algae. Such sushi is placed in dried sea kale.
Rolls are the same sushi, but wrapped in pressed seaweed and cut into rolls. Up to five ingredients are allowed in the filling roll.
Sushi and rolls must be served sauce.
How to make sure the rolls and sushi are fresh
You should not buy sushi or rolls in a dubious store, where they can sell frozen products after their long-term, and sometimes, after unfair storage. Be sure to check on the packaging date of manufacture and shelf life. Remember, rolls and sushi are stored for only a few hours and are consumed only fresh!
Optimally, if the rolls will be prepared directly with the buyer, who can observe the whole process of their preparation.
Is it possible to get poisoned sushi and rolls
When visiting a Japanese restaurant, a person rarely asks if he can be poisoned by sushi or rolls, as he hopes for the professionalism of the chef.
Like any dish made from raw or slightly cooked foods, and, therefore, very quickly perishable, rolls and sushi can cause food poisoning.
Causes of poisoning
In poorly processed fish creates a favorable environment for the development of microbes. This is the main cause of poisoning. You can eat long or improperly stored sushi, as outwardly, they are no different from fresh.
For the preparation of sushi and rolls is better to use sea fish, since the content of parasites in it is much less. Helminths can cause both sushi and rolls poisoning.
Another reason for the onset of symptoms of sushi poisoning and / or rolls is the content in salts of heavy metals, in particular mercury, in marine fish. To reduce the risk of poisoning, sushi and rolls are recommended to use no more than two or three times a month.
Symptoms of poisoning sushi and rolls
Signs of sushi poisoning or rolls will be the same as in any food poisoning.
- The rapid onset of symptoms - from the moment of poisoning passes from 30 minutes to 2 hours.
- The first symptoms are nausea, weakness, malaise.
- Then there is repeated vomiting - first with the contents of the stomach, then with bile.
- Diarrhea - loose stools, sometimes very abundant, with an admixture of mucus and blood. The chair can be of different colors - from the classic brown to green or yellow. The black color of the chair should be alerted - this symptom indicates the severity of the condition and requires immediate medical attention.
Vomiting and diarrhea bring a feeling of relief for a small period of time, then recur, and sometimes the urge is draining, making it more painful for the person. Body temperature may rise, sometimes to high numbers. Rarely occur: headache, rise in blood pressure, skin rash.
After stopping the main symptoms of poisoning, abdominal discomfort, bloating, weakness may persist for several days.
If all of these symptoms appear at the same time, or some of them separately, it is not necessary to self-medicate - it is better to consult a doctor.
First aid for poisoning
What to do if you suspect poisoning sushi or rolls?
- At the very first symptoms of poisoning with rolls or sushi, you should immediately help such a person. First of all - flush the stomach. Drink as much water as possible, preferably a weak and filtered solution of potassium permanganate. Then induce vomiting. And so several times until only clean water comes out.
- Then put the person to bed, warmly cover him with a blanket. You can add a heating pad or hot water bottle. This will help relieve chills in the body.
- At high temperatures, give something antipyretic. The pharmacy will tell you what is suitable in each individual case, taking into account the tolerability of drugs.
- In a similar manner, with the presence of diarrhea, it is necessary to take a means to fix the chair.
- It should rest as much as possible. Do not seek to go to work when the symptoms subside - the body has not had time to recover and complications of the disease may occur.
This is not a complete list of what can be done in case of poisoning by rolls and sushi. Be sure to consult with a specialist.
If the symptoms of sushi poisoning or rolls do not go away after the first day of their occurrence, then a doctor’s consultation is required. The specialist will quickly conduct an examination, prescribe an instrumental examination - measurement of body temperature, stool analysis, complete blood count. And of course, prescribe treatment. In the treatment traditionally, the following groups of drugs are used - absorbents (from simple activated carbon to modern preparations), means for fixing the stool (their choice is also wide). To restore the water-salt balance, it is necessary to use at least 2–2.5 liters of liquid per day, preferably saline solutions (you can buy ready-made solutions at a pharmacy or prepare it at home - 1 teaspoon of salt and soda for 1 liter of water.
It is important to follow a strict diet - on the first day of illness it is better to starve. Then start by eating something liquid, with an enveloping effect - rice porridge, boiled in water, jelly. You can add one or two white crackers. It is strictly forbidden to take spicy, fatty, fried, smoked, pickled food - it only aggravates the human condition.
Antibacterial therapy is prescribed for conditions that cause concern to a specialist - high body temperature for a long time, uncontrollable vomiting, diarrhea, severe pain syndrome. It is imperative to exclude conditions that threaten human life.
In severe cases, inpatient treatment is required. There will be a comprehensive treatment.
And in conclusion, I would like to say that sushi and rolls are very tasty, and even useful for those who want to lose weight - due to its low calorie content. But everything is good in moderation - frequent use of sushi and roll increases the risk of poisoning with these products. Observing a few simple rules will help avoid sushi poisoning:
- personal hygiene - washing hands before eating;
- maintaining cleanliness while cooking roll;
- buy only the freshest ingredients for the dishes;
- make purchases only in those stores that have a guarantee for compliance with the terms and conditions of storage of products.
All these rules will help to enjoy the great taste of sushi and rolls for many years.