Poisoning in cats - symptoms and treatment at home
If your beloved cat, even until recently, is playful and affectionate, behaves strangely, this, of course, can not but alarm. In such situations, it is necessary to think about the causes of this state, and they can be both infectious - bacteria, viruses, and invasive - worms. Cat poisoning is not uncommon, so a basic knowledge of symptoms and treatment will help the animal, without resorting to the help of a veterinarian, or help to ease the suffering before his arrival.
In particularly difficult cases, it is still impossible to do without the help of a veterinarian! However, the correct actions of the owner until the arrival of medical assistance will help the doctor and provide qualified treatment, and the animal quickly recover. No matter what the circumstances, it is necessary to act quickly, confidently, sensibly.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning in cats
To find out the etiology (cause) of the disease, you need to answer the following questions yourself.
- What processes are happening now with a cat - physiological (estrus, pregnancy, in kittens change of teeth at the age of 3-6 months) or pathological (caused by a disease-causing agent)?
- Has the vaccination been carried out, has it not expired, did the vaccination regimen follow, followed by revaccination? To do this, you need to look at the passport of the animal, where there is a clear indication of the dates and diseases against which the vaccination was made.
- Has the cat been dewormed - anti-worming treatment? It is necessary to clearly know the date of its holding.
- If the cat is domestic, not going out on the street, has it had recent contact with other animals (dogs, birds)? For a yard cat, this is not a question.
- It is necessary to analyze the diet of the cat: whether there was a change of feed, whether it was benign, whether someone else gave it food.
- Have animals observed a strange predilection for any things or substances, plants?
- Was there a favorite of contact with poisonous insects or animals?
- Recently, unintended events did not occur: a bottle was broken with alkali, acid, any medicine, household chemicals, other substances, powder crumbled, a thermometer broke, or other similar events.
By answering all these questions, you can try to differentiate infectious, invasive diseases from intoxication and at least figure out what to do if the cat is still poisoned.
Signs of poisoning in cats depend on a number of reasons.
- A kind of toxic start. Poisoning of the body can occur from both harmful toxic substances, and from medications designed to help.
- Amounts of toxic substance. Quoting a Latin proverb “All drugs are poisons, all poisons are drugs. It all depends on the dose. ”It is not difficult to guess that the wrong dose of the drug can lead to poisoning of the animal. It must be remembered that the dosage of the medicine is made strictly according to the weight of the patient. If a person takes 1 tablet per 60 kg of weight, then the cat has no more than 6 kg. And this means that only 1/10 pills are shown to her.
- Ways to enter the body of toxic substances. Gastrointestinal route - with food and water. Respiratory (inhalation) route - due to inhalation of toxic gases. Percutaneous path - penetration through the skin and mucous membranes.
- The duration of exposure to poisoning. By the duration of exposure to poisoning are divided into hyperacute, acute and chronic poisoning.
- The state of an animal's body is not an insignificant factor in how systems and organs react to this or that toxic substance. An animal that has suffered stress - transportation, change of owner, place of residence, environment, feeding ration, has a reduced immunity. Pregnancy, lactation (feeding kittens with milk) also contribute to the rapid absorption of toxic substances.
Whatever the cause, the symptoms of poisoning in cats will be as follows:
- dilated pupils, or constriction;
- labored breathing;
- agitation or drowsiness;
- discoloration of mucous membranes (enough, look into the oral cavity, look at the color of the gums).
How to treat poisoning in cats
What is the treatment of poisoning a cat? Whatever group of toxicity a poison belongs to, it is necessary to “bind” it and remove it from the body. It is necessary to act quickly, without allowing the toxic substances to be absorbed into the animal's body. To do this, you can use the following drugs.
- Enterosgel is an excellent drug against poisons of both mineral and organic origin. Applicable in any physiological condition and at any age of the animal. Dose of 1/2 tsp per cat weighing 3-4 kg, 2 times a day.
- Activated carbon - has a pronounced adsorptive (suction) ability, is applicable in feed toxicoinfections, poisoning with salts of heavy metals. A quarter tablet 3 times a day for the average cat.
- A solution of manganese-acid potassium (potassium permanganate) is suitable for an uncertain etiology and poisoning by plant poisons. Brush 4–5 tablespoons of bright crimson solution one time.
How to treat poisoning in cats and set the drug to the animal?
To make these manipulations is not difficult even for children. However, it must be clearly understood that a sick animal can be not only sluggish, but also aggressive . You need to treat this with the understanding and use of fixing devices, if necessary.
For small animals, apply the method of administering drugs with a spoon. To do this, the animal is kept in a standing position, his head is raised. Spoon push back the cheek in the corner of the mouth and into the resulting cheek space pour in the drug. You can also pour in the medicine using a syringe or a plastic syringe.
Solid dosage forms (pills) are sufficient; opening the mouth of the animal, putting it on the root of the tongue and the swallowing reflex will clearly do its job - the medicine will be unconditionally swallowed by the cat.
It is preferable to grind a pill into a powder and fall asleep in the animal's mouth, this procedure is also simple, and the effect will be faster.
Following all these recommendations, treatment of poisoning in cats at home can be quite effective. But we should not forget that the poisoning of a cat, like any other disease, can be accompanied by a long and severe malaise, therefore, in order to prevent the loss of an animal, it is necessary to consult a doctor for advice.