Is the air ozonizer harmful or useful?
Often, during a thunderstorm, you want to open all the windows, go outside and breathe in fresh air filled with ozone. Why is it so attractive to a person? How does ozone affect our body? It is important to understand this, since many different devices (ozonizers) appeared on the market, which, according to the producers, produce this gas. Let's look at the use of the ozonizer air device and find out - harm or benefit it brings to us and our loved ones?
The device that produces ozone is an ozonizer. In order to understand what benefit or harm it can bring you need to know the properties of ozone and how it can affect the human body .
Properties of ozone
Ozone is a chemical substance that has 3 oxygen atoms, in contrast to air oxygen. Ordinary oxygen consists of two atoms, the double bond between which is strong, fairly stable. But when one of the links breaks and one more atom joins it, ozone is formed. In ordinary conditions it is a gas with a pleasant fresh smell, bluish in color.
In natural conditions, it can be formed under the action of ultraviolet rays. Therefore, our planet has an ozone shell. Ultraviolet, acting on oxygen, translates it into ozone. This is perhaps only high above the ground, where the strength of ultraviolet rays is maximal. At the same time, under the influence of cosmic radiation, it gradually breaks down, turning into oxygen. The ozone layer protects the Earth from ionizing radiation, so its gradual destruction with contamination causes thinning of the ozone layer, which can become dangerous for living organisms.
Ozone is also formed in electrical discharges, for example, under a thunderstorm, which is used, as the principle of the ozonator. The higher the electric field voltage, the more gas can form. It is an unstable compound compared to oxygen, and is rapidly destroyed. Destruction leads to the formation of active oxygen, which easily enters into chemical reactions with various elements, oxidizing them.
When it interacts with metals, rubber, their properties change. The effect of ozone on viruses, bacteria, fungi is determined by the destruction or damage to their shells, which causes their death. But why during a thunder-storm to us so is pleasant a smell of this substance and so it would be desirable to inhale this clean fresh air?
Harm and benefit of ozone for the human body
Ozone is a strong oxidizer, as well as chlorine and fluorine, its effect on microorganisms leads to their destruction, which is why it is used for disinfection. As for human cells, to some extent they are protected from it, the presence in them of antioxidants - substances that prevent oxidation in the body, some of them are part of the cell membranes.
In high concentrations, ozone is a toxic substance for the body, and, despite the fact that it is used in medicine not only for disinfection, but also developed methods of treating it, but classical medicine does not recognize ozone therapy. Until now, this method is considered unconventional, since in this case the line between the medicine and the poison is too thin.
The main harm, when exposed to ozone on the human body is that it has an adverse effect on the mucous membranes, including the lungs. When inhaled high concentrations can develop poisoning and death. An increase in its content in the human body causes the formation of insoluble forms of cholesterol and atherosclerosis, as well as kills spermatozoa, which, with prolonged inhalation, can lead to infertility.
Therefore, the norms for the content of ozone in the atmosphere of populated areas and in premises have been developed. So, in the room its content should not exceed 0.1 mg / cubic meter. With a normal sense of smell, a person observes the presence of ozone at a concentration 10 times lower than indicated. Each ozonator must have a certificate stating whether the amount of gas produced by it corresponds to the norms.
According to various studies, the use of ozone in low concentrations is that it:
- has a disinfectant effect, killing microorganisms;
- stimulates blood formation;
- destroys toxic substances;
- enhances the synthesis of biologically active substances;
- reduces blood coagulability;
- relieves pain;
- increases overall immunity.
What is an ozonizer and where is it used?
On sale there is a device called an ozonizer. What is this device? Is a special device that produces ozone. How does the ozone generator produce ozone? There are several ways.
- The effect of an electric discharge on oxygen is the most effective method, which is often used in ozonizers.
- Effects on oxygen by ultraviolet rays. But this method is ineffective, since the amount of gas produced is small, so this method is rarely used in the production of ozonizers.
- A chemical reaction, the method is expensive because of the reagents used.
Ozonizers can be industrial, medical or for home use, the main difference between ozonizers in the amount of produced gas and in that they produce ozonizers from air or from pure oxygen.
Application of ozonizers in industry
On an industrial scale, ozonizers are used in many industries:
- disinfection of water;
- disinfection of premises;
- disinfection of food products;
- purification of oils;
- whitening paper.
And disinfection of water by industrial ozonizer, including bottled water, has long been used in many highly developed countries. This method is considered not only effective, but also safe, because in addition to microorganisms, viruses, fungi, ozonization also destroys some harmful chemicals that lose their toxicity, often become insoluble and can be easily removed by filtration.
Many enterprises for the purification of drinking water or sanitation are already working, using ozonizers, which replaced the previously widespread chlorination. Ozone is rapidly destroyed in drinking water. Therefore, while water treated with an ozonizer reaches the consumer, there is practically no gas in it, but the oxygen content can be increased.
Application of ozonizers in medicine
In medical institutions, ozonizers are used that produce ozone from oxygen. With the help of ozonizers, the treatment of premises, sterilization of tools and consumables is carried out. Ozonizers are also used for disinfection and sterilization in pharmacology. Taking into account the harm of the ozonizer, the disinfection of the premises is carried out only if there are no people in them.
As for the method of ozonotherapy - the lack of evidence base, it did not give it wide circulation. This method of alternative medicine uses not only an ozone-oxygen mixture, but also ozonated water, solutions for intravenous administration.
Harm or use of ozonizers in medicine depends on the concentration of ozone used, and the method of its introduction. For example, a good effect is observed when treating wounds with ozonized solutions or using ozonized vegetable oils to accelerate healing. But frequent intravenous administration with ozonotherapy can cause problems with blood and accelerate the development of atherosclerosis.
Using ozonizers at home
The use of ozonator at home can be dangerous if you do not follow the rules for using the device. To do this, you must also choose the right ozonizer. There are many different models that differ in technical characteristics, but not only the technical characteristics need to be considered when choosing, although they are important, for example, the amount of ozone per minute for a certain volume.
For ozonizers that work slowly, it will take more time to create a concentration in the room for disinfection, and in fact at this time to be in a room without protective equipment is dangerous, which should also be indicated in the instruction.
Be sure to pay attention to the product certificate! It is quite easy to assemble an ozonizer, but it is not possible to determine exactly how much ozone is produced by experiment, so if there is no certificate, then it is not worth buying an ozonizer.
The harm or use of the air ozonizer depends on how you will use it. The ozonator is useful for disinfection of premises during a period of a strong spread of infectious diseases, household items, conditioners, utensils, shoes. Ozonator well kills fungi, mold, disinfects water. But in no case do you have to breathe ozonized air for a long time and use water that has been just disinfected with the ozonator. The harm that you do to your health can exceed the benefits of its use.
The increased concentration of ozone in the air, and this is possible, if you use a home ozonizer, can cause ozone poisoning. Symptoms can appear acutely or gradually with chronic poisoning if you constantly inhale ozone, even in small volumes. This is especially dangerous if the ozone generator at home is used frequently, without observing safety rules.
Signs of ozone poisoning:
- irritation of the upper respiratory tract - dryness, pershenia, burning, chest pain;
- irritation of the conjunctiva of the eyes - burning, redness;
- headache, dizziness;
- violation of breathing, when at first the patient simply finds it difficult to breathe, so breathing becomes superficial and rare, and then it can lead to his stopping and death.
First aid in poisoning:
- call an ambulance;
- provide the patient access to pure oxygen (ventilate the room);
- rinse eyes with water;
- when breathing stops, start resuscitation.
Chronic ozone poisoning, for example, with frequent inhalation of air produced by the ozonizer, leads to the development of:
- Blood diseases associated with a violation of its clotting;
- male infertility;
- diseases of the lungs (bronchitis, emphysema, pneumosclerosis);
- development of tumors, since ozone has a carcinogenic effect;
- premature aging.
But people like the "smell of a thunderstorm", so many people who do not quite understand the reason for this, use ozonizers all the time, which can harm their health. This phenomenon has a simple explanation, namely - ozone, interacting with various impurities, purifies the air and saturates it with oxygen during decomposition, and oxygen causes euphoria.
Ozonator is a useful device that is used in industry and medicine, it can be used at home if you follow safety rules, because the ozone produced by it is a toxic substance. In high concentrations or with constant inhalation, ozone can cause the development of various diseases of the body and even lead to acute poisoning with this gas and death.