Is it possible to poison with citramon
Citramon is a proven remedy that relieves headaches, which helps with colds and pain syndromes. Often it is taken to relieve the state of a hangover, women use it for dysmenorrhea (pain during menstruation). However, popularity does not mean that it can be used by everyone and always. This drug has a number of contraindications, and with an overdose of citramonum and its incorrect application, serious disruption of the internal organs is possible.
Who should not take this medicine, can it be poisoned with citramonum and what help should the victim have from an overdose? First, let's look at the mechanism of action of the drug and its composition.
How does Citramon
Tablets "Citramon" contain acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and caffeine. Different manufacturers produce the drug under various names, slightly changing the ratio of the main active ingredients: "Ascophene", "Aquacitramon", "Paraskofen", "Kofil-Plus", "Citramon Forte", "Citramon U", "Citramon P" and others. Overdose by any of them will proceed in the same way.
Together, the active components of the drug act as:
- normalize the tone of the vessels of the brain ;
- reduce blood coagulability;
- improve the circulation of blood in small vessels in the area of inflammation.
Citramone is recommended for the treatment of mild or moderate pain syndrome, mainly with inflammatory conditions.
Even with proper dosage and proper use, the medicine may have side effects:
- allergic reactions;
- dizziness, insomnia, nervousness;
- nausea and vomiting;
- increased blood pressure;
- decreased blood clotting;
- pain in the stomach;
- ulcerous lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
The maximum daily dose of "Citramon P" is 6 tablets. The course of treatment as an anesthetic is 3 days, as an antipyretic - 5 days. The maximum period of taking the medicine is 7-10 days. If the dose is exceeded or the tablets are taken systematically, an overdose or development of chronic disorders in many body systems is possible.
Symptoms of an overdose of citramon
In case of exceeding the recommended dose, an overdose of citramonum develops. Symptoms of it are as follows:
nausea, vomiting, stomach pain;
- noise in ears;
- difficulty breathing;
- decrease in the amount of urine;
- loss of consciousness.
To poison with citramonum before a fatal outcome it is practically impossible, but at long abuse serious consequences as a consequence of chronic poisoning with tsitramonum can develop. Symptoms in this case will depend on which body system is more susceptible.
- From the gastrointestinal tract, perhaps, the development of peptic ulcer of the stomach and intestines.
- With prolonged reception, renal and hepatic insufficiency develops.
- It may be a disorder of blood coagulability, which in turn leads to bleeding, hemorrhage and anemia.
- In rare cases, failures on the part of the endocrine system - a decrease in blood glucose, down to hypoglycemic coma.
- Disorder of cardiovascular activity: increase of arterial pressure, arrhythmia, rapid heartbeat.
Assistance with overdose
When poisoning with citramone, it is necessary to rinse the stomach and seek medical help. Also after washing the stomach one must take one of the enterosorbents:
- Polysorb MP;
- Activated carbon.
The doctor, focusing on the patient's condition, takes measures to normalize the acid-base balance of the body. For this purpose, alkaline preparations are prescribed: sodium hydrogencarbonate, sodium citrate or lactate.
This medicine has a fairly impressive list of contraindications. You can not take it to the following groups of people:
- children under 16;
- pregnant and lactating women;
- with ulcers and gastritis;
- with insomnia;
- hypertensive patients;
- patients with ischemic heart disease;
- with glaucoma;
- patients with violations of blood clotting.
Citramon is incompatible with a number of medicines, but with extreme caution should be taken to combine it with alcohol. Such a composition can lead to severe consequences, up to hypertensive crisis or anaphylactic shock.
Citramon reduces the effectiveness of diuretics, is an antagonist of hypnotics and sedatives. Hormonal contraceptives, Isoniazid and Cimetidine increase the effect on the body of caffeine, which should be taken into account when using the drug.
Consequences of an overdose of citramon
Poisoning with any medication has its consequences. The most obvious consequences of an overdose of citramone are manifested in the violation of the liver. As a result of toxic effects of drugs, liver cells - hepatocytes - die and the function of this organ is inadequate. For recovery, long-term treatment may be necessary.
Patients with severe hypertension should be aware that an overdose of citramone can trigger a stroke. Even healthy people need to take this medication only if there is evidence. After all, often headaches can be caused by increased blood pressure and if a person does not know about it and is treated with citramone, then such a situation can lead to sad consequences. Also, it should be borne in mind that caffeine provokes a spasm of the cerebral vessels, as a result of which hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke develops in patients with severe cardiovascular disorders.
Let's sum up all the above. Citramon is a very popular remedy for the removal of the pain syndrome. But this drug should be taken with caution: with prolonged use or exceeding the dose, an overdose of citramonum develops. What to do in such cases? Vomit and clean the stomach of the contents. Then you need to take any adsorbent: activated carbon, Enterosgel, Polysorb MP, and the like. If threatening symptoms develop - breathing disorders, shortness of breath, palpitation, bleeding, confusion, convulsions - you should immediately seek qualified medical help. Taking the drug for more than 10 days is unacceptable. You also need to know that this medicine is prohibited for pregnant and lactating women, children under 16 years old, for those with serious cardiovascular disorders, bleeding disorders and a number of other diseases.