Is it possible to poison citramon
Citramon is a proven remedy that relieves headaches, helps with colds and pain syndromes. Often it is taken to relieve the state of a hangover, women use it for dysmenorrhea (pain during menstruation). However, the popularity does not mean that it can be used by everyone and always. This medicine has a number of contraindications, and in case of overdose with citramona and its incorrect use, serious disturbances in the functioning of the internal organs are possible.
Who should not take this medicine, is it possible to get poisoned with tsitramon and what kind of help to render to the victim from an overdose? To begin, consider the mechanism of action of the drug and its composition.
How does citramon
Tablets "Citramon" contain acetylsalicylic acid, paracetamol and caffeine. Different manufacturers produce the drug under different names, slightly changing the ratio of the main active ingredients: Askofen, Aquacitramon, Parascofen, Kofitsil-Plus, Citramon Forte, Citramon U, Citramon P and others. Overdose of any of them will proceed the same.
Taken together, the active components of the drug act as:
- pain medication;
- normalize the vascular tone of the brain ;
- reduce blood clotting;
- improve blood circulation in small vessels in the area of inflammation.
Citramonum is recommended for the treatment of weak or moderate pain, mainly in inflammatory conditions.
Even with dosage compliance and proper use, medication may have side effects:
- allergic reactions;
- dizziness, insomnia, nervousness;
- nausea and vomiting;
- high blood pressure;
- lower blood clotting;
- stomach pains;
- ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
The maximum daily dose of "Citramone P" is 6 tablets. The course of treatment as a painkiller is 3 days, as antipyretic - 5 days. The maximum period for taking the medicine is 7–10 days. If you exceed the dose or take a pill systematically, you can overdose or develop chronic disorders in many body systems.
Symptoms of an overdose of tsitramon
In case of exceeding the recommended dose overdose develops citramon. Its symptoms are as follows:
nausea, vomiting, stomach pain;
- noise in ears;
- difficulty breathing;
- decrease in the amount of urine;
- loss of consciousness.
It is almost impossible to poison with citramona before death, but with prolonged abuse, serious consequences may develop as a result of chronic poisoning with citramona. The symptoms in this case will depend on which system of the body is more susceptible.
- On the part of the gastrointestinal tract, possibly the development of gastric ulcer and intestinal ulcers.
- With prolonged use, renal and hepatic failure develops.
- Perhaps a violation of blood clotting, which, in turn, leads to bleeding, hemorrhage and the development of anemia.
- In rare cases, endocrine disruption - a decrease in blood glucose, up to hypoglycemic coma.
- Cardiovascular disorder: increased blood pressure, arrhythmia, heart palpitations.
Help with overdose
In case of poisoning with citramona, it is necessary to wash the stomach and seek medical help. Also, after gastric lavage, you need to take one of the chelators:
- "Polysorb MP";
- Activated carbon.
The doctor, focusing on the patient's condition, takes measures to normalize the acid-base balance of the body. To do this, appoint alkalizing drugs: sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate or lactate.
This medicine has a rather impressive list of contraindications. It can not be taken the following groups of persons:
- children under 16;
- pregnant and lactating women;
- with ulcer and gastritis;
- for insomnia;
- hypertensive patients;
- patients with ischemic heart disease;
- with glaucoma;
- patients with blood clotting disorders.
Citramon is incompatible with a number of medicines, but with particular caution should be taken to combine it with alcohol. Such a composition can lead to serious consequences, including hypertensive crisis or anaphylactic shock.
Citramon reduces the effectiveness of diuretic drugs, is an antagonist of hypnotic and sedative drugs. Hormonal contraceptives, "Isoniazid" and "Zimetidin" enhance the effects on the body of caffeine, which should be considered when using the drug.
The effects of citramona overdose
Poisoning with any medication has its consequences. The most pronounced effects of an overdose of tsitramon are manifested in the liver. As a result of the toxic effects of drugs, liver cells die - the hepatocytes and the function of this organ develops. Long-term treatment may be necessary for recovery.
Patients with severe hypertension should be aware that an overdose of citramona can cause a stroke. Even healthy people need to take this drug only if there is evidence. Indeed, headaches can often be caused by an increase in blood pressure, and if a person does not know about it and is treated with citramona, then this situation can lead to sad consequences. It should also be borne in mind that caffeine provokes a spasm of cerebral vessels, as a result of which hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke develops in patients with severe disorders of cardiovascular activity.
Let's sum up all of the above. Citramon is a popular remedy for pain relief. But this drug should be taken with caution: if it is used for a long time or if the dose is exceeded, overdose with citramona develops. What to do in such cases? It should induce vomiting and clear the stomach of the contents. Then you need to take any adsorbent: activated carbon, "Enterosgel", "Polysorb MP" and the like. If you develop threatening symptoms - impaired breathing, shortness of breath, palpitations, bleeding, clouding of consciousness, convulsions - you should immediately seek qualified medical assistance. Taking the drug for more than 10 days is unacceptable. You also need to know that this medicine is prohibited for pregnant and lactating women, children under 16 years of age, people with serious disorders of the cardiovascular system, blood coagulation defects and a number of other diseases.