Tansy - beneficial properties and contraindications, overdose
Application tansy found in the old days. It was used not only for medical purposes, but also in the household. And its medicinal properties cannot be diminished. Drugs from this plant help with diseases of various body systems.
Despite the widespread use of tansy, the herb is not at all fair. It belongs to poisonous plants and some of its parts are quite toxic to humans. An overdose of grass can result in serious poisoning, which is especially dangerous for children and pregnant women. In order to extract only benefit from a plant, one should know the beneficial properties and contraindications of tansy.
Description of tansy
Tansy is a perennial herb. It is also called the field or wild ryabinka, spell, devyatilnik.
Where does tansy grow? - The range of its growth is very wide. Tansy can be found in Russia, Europe, Asia Minor, China, Japan, Korea. You can find grass along the edges of roads, in fields, forests, bushes, forest edges, steppes, meadows. It grows alone, but very common. It can be attributed to weeds, as it often bothers workers in the fields, pastures and meadows.
What does tansy look like? Grass can reach a height of 1.5 meters, but its average size is about 50–60 cm. The specific smell that it emits is felt even from a distance. The stem has faces, straight, forms several branches, closer to the apex becomes fluffy. The leaves are rare, long, divided into many small leaves of oblong shape. Flowers of tansy are collected in baskets, yellow, dense, round regular shape. Flowering of tansy can be observed in July, August and September. In August, polyhedron-shaped fruits with jagged edges begin to appear.
The use of tansy has found both in medicine and in the economy. Due to its property to prevent the reproduction of bacteria and fungi, it used to be used as an embalming agent in Egyptians and for long-term storage of meat in Russia.
From the root emit a green paint. A dry plant ground into dust can be used as a repellent against flies, mosquitoes and fleas. Herb leaves are used in cooking to give the dishes a spicy aroma and taste.
The benefits of tansy for the body can not be overestimated. Its useful properties have been used in traditional medicine as an anthelmintic, choleretic, astringent, hypotensive (pressure reducing), anti-inflammatory effect.
What helps ordinary tansy? - it is used in the treatment of:
- increased heart rate;
- worm infestation;
- hepatitis A;
- gastritis with low acidity of the stomach;
- gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer;
- dysentery; increased gas formation;
- menstrual disorders in women;
- hysterical seizures;
- purulent wounds and skin lesions;
- oncological diseases.
What else is useful tansy? Poisonous substances contained in the plant, kill worms in the gastrointestinal tract. Essential oil has a beneficial effect on the liver and biliary tract. Organic acids that make up the essential oil tones the gallbladder, enhances the secretion of secretions by the glands of the gastrointestinal tract, including bile. Tannins provide an astringent effect on wound surfaces and help with suppurative skin diseases, infection of open wounds, and ulcers of the stomach. Alkaloids and flavonoids also have anti-inflammatory, healing and bactericidal action. Polysaccharides, proteins, rutin, ascorbic acid, B vitamins, carotene and trace elements (zinc, molybdenum, cobalt, copper) make tansy a detoxifying and tonic. Thanks to these components tansy is used in cosmetology. This is an effective tool to help with the aging and aging of the skin. The decoction was used to rejuvenate women at all times.
Tansy is a part of homeopathic remedies for the treatment of urogenital diseases. It is able to remove small swelling, to fight with stones in the urinary tract.
It is believed that this plant helps a lot with such a dangerous disease as tuberculosis.
The healing properties of tansy are due to the high content of biologically active substances in its composition. But not all parts of the plant can be used for this purpose. The most useful inflorescences and leaves. From them and prepare powders, infusions, decoctions and rubbing.
In the chemical composition of tansy, its essential oil is of particular interest. It contains β-thujone, causing the poisonous properties of herbs, camphor oil, borneol and pinene. In addition to the essential oil, alkaloids, resins, tannins, flavonoids, gum, trace elements, polysaccharides, proteins, as part of tansy, have healing properties.
Treatment with pizhma ordinary carried out with caution, as the plant belongs to the group of poisonous. For folk treatment is mainly used infusion of herbs. Use it inside a tablespoon 3 times a day. The same tool can also be used externally for irrigation of the oral cavity in case of quinsy, gingivitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis, or as a lotion for skin diseases, purulent wounds.
To prepare the infusion for oral administration, you can collect the inflorescences, pour boiling water at the rate of 5 grams of raw material into a glass of water, let it stand. It is in this form that tansy from parasites is used. If the infusion will be used externally, then its concentration should be reduced. In this case, a tablespoon of dry grass is poured with two cups of boiling water.
There are also such dosage forms of tansy, as a decoction, concentrate and powder. Broth is used as anthelmintic. Concentrate along with the infusion can be used externally in the form of compresses, but first be sure to check the sensitivity of the skin to this medicine. Tansy powder is usually used for household purposes and as a repellent.
Not only traditional medicine has noticed this plant. Extract from the flowers of tansy is used in scientific medicine. It makes the drug "Tanacin", which is used to treat cholelithiasis. The extract from the flowers of this plant is also included in the composition of drugs that improve appetite, anthelmintic, choleretic drugs, drugs for the treatment of bronchial asthma, rheumatism, constipation, and gastric ulcers.
Overdose of tansy
If the herb is treated incorrectly, it is easy to get an overdose, which is manifested by severe poisoning of the body. Children who accidentally drink broth, adults who misuse the drug, livestock can get poisoned with tansy by consuming a large amount of plants along with hay or fresh grass.
In order to improve the quality and speed of treatment, many people try to change the method of preparing an infusion, increase the concentration of the herb, or the frequency of administration, or a single dose. In these cases, and can be observed poisoning. You can not take more than 0.5 liters of infusion of tansy per day.
Toxins can be transmitted through milk, so you need to carefully monitor the quality of dairy products that children consume. Before you give the child homemade milk should check it to taste. If it has a bitter taste, then the cow has eaten a lot of tansy.
Symptoms of poisoning tansy appear several hours after use. First of all, poisons are toxic to the stomach, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain occur. Tansy irritates the nervous system, causing dizziness, irritability, headache, physical activity, anxiety, cramps. The kidneys are affected, but this condition may not manifest specific symptoms. Liver intoxication may also not manifest itself externally. Biologically active substances in the composition of the herb affect the cardiovascular system, causing slowing of the heart rhythm, pressure drop.
If an overdose occurred for a long time, then the person may experience depression. Taking too much tansy can be fatal.
Poisoning with tansy is common often because of its widespread use. But besides it, allergy to this plant is also possible. It can manifest rash, itching, in severe cases, angioedema and anaphylactic shock.
Having noticed the first signs of poisoning with tansy, you should immediately do a gastric lavage with water or 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate, take any enterosorbent (activated or white coal, Enterosgel, Polysorb MP, Enterosorb, etc.). In severe cases, you must seek medical attention.
Contraindications for the use of tansy
Like many herbs, tansy has a restriction in the use of certain groups of people. It can not be used:
- children under 15;
- pregnant women (can lead to miscarriage);
- with diseases of the nervous system, accompanied by atrophic and degenerative changes;
- in diseases of the retina;
- people who suffer from serious diseases of the cardiovascular system (high blood pressure, arrhythmias, ischemia);
- if the plant had a history of allergic reactions.
The main contraindication for the use of this plant is pregnancy. This plant is still used for bad purposes. Termination of pregnancy with grass can have serious consequences.
Summing up, we recall that the benefits of tansy for the body is obvious. It is an effective anthelmintic, choleretic, bactericidal, fungicidal, anti-inflammatory, healing and astringent. The herb has found wide application not only in folk, but also in traditional medicine, and in the economy. But the cunning of the plant is such that, in addition to its benefits, tansy can harm the human body if it is used incorrectly. There is a group of people who use this plant is extremely dangerous. But even if those are not treated, there is a risk of overdose of tansy and the occurrence of poisoning. Intoxication can be mild or in severe cases fatal. It is advisable to use the plant only after consulting a doctor. If you act independently, then only on the basis of indications, strictly adhering to the method of preparation, do not exceed the amount of consumed infusion, do not lengthen the course of treatment. In this case, tansy will only have a beneficial effect and help get rid of many ailments.