Are mosquito plates harmful?
A quiet and peaceful night - that's what our man needs to feel refreshed, cheerful and full of strength in the morning. Sometimes it is difficult to achieve the desired result, if all the time overwhelms a flock of buzzing insects. Beginning with warm spring and until the late autumn mosquitoes, midges and other small arthropods do not allow to sleep peacefully. Well, that comes to the rescue another human invention - a repellent.
As the manufacturers assure only 30 minutes of work and from insects there will be no trace. But many people are concerned about other questions: are the plates from mosquitoes harmful? How safe are they for human health? Now we will try to answer them.
Composition of plates from mosquitoes
It is not enough to read the chemical composition of the mosquito plate, it is still necessary to understand the meaning of each of these substances and what effect it has. Depending on the manufacturer's firm and the type of mosquito repellent, the following substances that make up their composition can be found:
- Esbiotrin (allethrin). A substance used in everyday life to combat flying and creeping insects. Under different names is included in the plates from arthropods. How do mosquito plates with such stuffing work? The effect of the drug is susceptible to the sodium channels of the nervous system, in which the nerve conduction is gradually broken. The work of the nerve, then the muscular system of the mosquito, changes. The following processes occur immediately: the insect is immediately hyperactive for several minutes, then the coordination of movements is disturbed, there is an involuntary contraction of the muscles, followed by muscle weakness, paralysis and death.
- The composition of liquids and plates from mosquitoes often includes prallethrin and its analogues - a synthetic insecticide from the group of pyrethroids, the action of the facility is directed at the destruction of insects.
- Repellents often have DETA (N, N-diethylmethylbenzamide), a substance that has a repelling and destroying effect on small animals. Effective against not only mosquitoes, but also flies, ticks, midges, fleas, flies. Affects the organs of smell and the nervous system.
- Aerosols contain isopropanol - alcohol. In small doses, it does not cause much harm, but, since it has a depressing effect on the nervous system, it can be attributed to the active substances of the repellent. Isopropanol is 3.5 times more toxic than normal ethanol, therefore such mosquito products for children are not safe.
- In addition, the most active substance, in the plates and repellents add perfume fragrance, extracts of plants for odor.
How do mosquito plates work? The main action on animals is the inhibition of the nervous system and influence on the sense of smell, while insects cease to feel the smells of man (this is carbon dioxide, which is exhaled by man and lactic acid, which is in sweat). But in fact many substances do not possess selective activity and can influence the person including.
How the plates from mosquitoes act on people
Absolutely safe repellents do not happen. Therefore, manufacturers honestly warn:
- after some time after using the plate (30-60 minutes depending on the concentration substances included in them) must be switched off;
- many can not be left overnight;
- it is important to ventilate the room daily;
- Do not use plates from mosquitoes during pregnancy and in children's rooms.
What is the reason for such concern with human health? Substances that make up the composition of arthropods, specifically do not affect the mosquito, fly or mammal, they have a common inhibitory or toxic effect on the nervous system, inhibiting its work. The only question is concentration. In the amount in which it is contained in a plate or liquid from mosquitoes - it should only affect small creatures. But if the safety rules are violated or the response to the remedy develops, a person can feel the following symptoms.
Nausea, dizziness, vomiting develop if the substance somehow got inside.
- Drowsiness, weakness.
- In case of accidental application of the product to the skin or the contact of the active plate with the skin can be itching, burning, tingling and sensation of heat, but dermatitis develops rarely.
- The greatest harm to the plate from mosquitoes is caused by prolonged operation of the electrofumigator (an electrical appliance in which the insect repellent is located and begins to work actively). As a rule, this happens if you forget to turn off the device for the night. A person will feel weak, maybe vomiting and loosening of the stool, cramps, muscle paralysis.
- There are allergic reactions in the form of edema of the nasopharyngeal mucosa, lachrymation with intolerance of one of the components of the drug (sometimes they are filler, an extract of plant matter, which is a part of the plates).
- Repellents from mosquitoes for children are not as safe as we would like. As already mentioned, they contain DETA, isopropanol and other constituents. Almost all manufacturers do not recommend using them before the age of three.
How to use plates and repellents correctly
- Follow the manufacturer's recommendations.
- Carefully read to whom these drugs are contraindicated.
- When applying aerosol to children - try not to get into the eyes and bare skin.
- Do not operate the appliance near beds.
- Do not use plates longer than the specified time.
- In unventilated rooms, do not leave the mosquito plates to work longer than the prescribed time. If you turned on the fumigator, then always try to open the window or the balcony door.
- If there is an allergic reaction to the substance, try not to buy plates with such a composition from now on.
Are mosquito plates harmful to humans? No, if you spend a little time reading everything that is written on their packaging. How to protect the family from possible complications? It is important to follow all safety precautions and do not forget to turn off the appliance on time.