What to do if the parrot is poisoned
Parrots are subject to the same poisoning as other animals. Moreover, some substances that are not hazardous to humans can harm our feathered pets. At home, there are much more opportunities than many think, in order for a parrot to poison itself.
What to do in such cases?
Symptoms of parrot poisoning
A bird can get sick for many reasons. The suspicion that your wavy parrot has poisoned should arise in the following cases:
- sudden onset of symptoms;
- manifestation of signs after changing the brand of food, or the flight of a parrot in a previously uninhabited space, the appearance of new plants in the house - in general, after the introduction of some new potentially dangerous factor;
- drug treatment with parrot - use insect repellent with extreme caution.
Signs of poisoning themselves may be of a general nature:
- the bird is clowned;
- feathers ruffled;
- general weakness;
- rejection of feed.
More specific for parrot poisoning are symptoms indicating damage to the digestive and nervous systems:
- nausea and vomiting;
- the appearance of liquid litter of an unusual color (yellow, green, black, red);
- lack of coordination - the bird can not fly up on the perch, falls to the side;
- convulsions and trembling of the head, wings, circular movements of the head or throwing it backwards;
- paralysis - the bird is conscious, but cannot move, or is found in semi-paralysis - there is more often half-paralyzed wing or foot;
- coma - complete immobility, eyes half-closed, breathing and heartbeat slowed down.
If you suspect a poisoning immediately begin to provide first aid.
First aid parrot for poisoning
Medicines are administered in liquid form from a pipette or syringe without a needle. Give the parrot any of the adsorbents on hand. Enterosgel has a good reputation. You can also use Polyphepan, Filtrum or activated carbon, which must be crushed and diluted in water. The dose is one milliliter of fluid per parrot weighing 50 grams.
Other drugs are administered one hour after the adsorbent, otherwise there will be no effect on them.
- Laxative: decoction of flaxseed, Glauber's salt.
- With vomiting: Regrinding 1 drop. Before this, make sure that the hazardous substance has completely left the goiter.
- With dehydration: Ringer's solution, 2 ml every 2–3 hours.
- When signs of impaired liver activity (change in litter) give Kars in a dose of 1 tablet per day. It can be added to the feed during the month after poisoning the parrot.
What should I do if the poisoning has occurred as a result of exposure to gas or when a dangerous substance has hit the skin? In this case, enterosorbents will not help.
Treatment depending on the cause of the poisoning of the parrot
The most common causes of poisoning in parrots are treated depending on the poison, which he poisoned.
In case of acute poisoning, take the bird to the vet immediately. A number of comprehensive measures are needed to detoxify, maintain liver function and the overall vital activity of the bird. If you do not have such an opportunity, the outcome of self-treatment will largely depend on whether the cause of the poisoning is established.
In an apartment setting, a parrot can be poisoned by one of the following substances, depending on which treatment is taken:
- Alcohol: poor coordination, vomiting. In severe cases - coma and death. Treatment is common.
- Nicotine due to pecking cigarette butts. Seizures, paralysis, coma and death develop. Treatment is common. Provide fresh air to the bird. Add vitamin C at a dose of 50 micrograms per head.
- Salt. Birds are more sensitive to her than mammals. Poisoning occurs when the content of more than 0.7% of salt in the feed and is usually chronic, but the death of the bird is possible. It is characterized by muscle tremors, impaired coordination and increased thirst. Treatment: abundant watering with water.
- Lead is contained in shotguns and fishing weights, household paint. Poisoning occurs when pecking. Diarrhea mixed with blood, paralysis, convulsions, blindness. Antidote: Calcium EDTA.
- Zinc. Poisoning occurs when a galvanized wire is bitten by a bird, and food is stored in galvanized dishes. Symptoms and treatment are the same as for lead poisoning.
- Arsenic is found in pesticides that can be released into feed. The bird's pupils dilate, there is thirst, general weakness, the stomach is painful. Antidote: separately dissolve magnesium oxide 6 g in 100 ml of water and iron oxide sulphate 33 g in 100 ml of water. The resulting solutions are mixed immediately before use in a 1: 1 ratio, giving 1–2 drops every 15 minutes.
- Carbamates are part of herbicides and insecticides. First, short-term arousal develops, then depression. Rapid breathing, drooling, constriction of the pupils, diarrhea, convulsions and paralysis. Antidote: atropine 10 µg per head from 1 to 3 times per day.
- Mercury-containing preparations are used for seed dressing. All signs of poisoning develop, plus a decrease in body temperature and shortness of breath. Antidote: Unithiol 0.5% solution, 1 drop every 12 hours for 2 consecutive days.
- Teflon. When the Teflon-coated cookware is heavily heated (over 300 ° C), poisonous gases are formed. The parrot in the kitchen may die if such vapors are inhaled. Death occurs in 30 minutes. Treatment: remove the bird to fresh air.
- Hexachlorophene. Contained in deodorants and household soap. When eating soap or spray inhalation, the parrot may become blind. Loss of vision is temporary, the bird is watered and fed by hand.
- Houseplants. Azalea, asparagus, hyacinth, dieffenbachia, euphorbia, fern, ivy, rhododendron, philodendron, snowdrop and many others can cause poisoning in parrots. Treatment in these cases is carried out symptomatically.
When poisoning, the bird refuses to feed, but a long refusal from it - more than 6 hours, is dangerous for parrots. Therefore, the bird will have to feed by force. Feed a little liquid kissel, made from water and ground into cereal dust (millet, rice, buckwheat), the daily amount for a wavy parrot is about 10 ml.
In case of general weakness it is desirable, and in case of lead poisoning it is mandatory to place the parrot in a warm place +30 ° C.
To prevent poisoning, do not feed suspicious food to the parrot, do not bring plants unknown to you from the street, do not leave salty foods and alcohol in a place accessible to birds. Use potent drugs with caution. Compliance with such security measures will protect your pet from illness and death, and you - from unpleasant experiences.