Does alcohol protect against radiation?
Last decades the radioactive smog, enveloping our planet, becomes more and more intensive. Before mankind there was a question on creation of protectors - the substances protecting an organism from influence of radionuclides and capable to accelerate their conclusion from an organism.
There is a myth about the radioprotective properties of alcohol. And maybe it's not a myth at all? Let's discuss the information on the influence of various types of alcoholic beverages on the radiation damage to the human body.
The birth of the myth of the benefits of alcohol versus radiation
The creation of nuclear weapons and the results of its testing initiated the orders of military ministries in the fifties of the XX century to find means of anti-radiation protection (radioprotectors). They had to create in the irradiated organisms a state of increased resistance to ionizing radiation. They were supposed to be taken before the explosion of the nuclear charge or before entering the zone of radioactive contamination.
The research was very intensive, but their results were mixed. Among the studied chemicals was alcohol, which, as we know, dulls perception, suppresses the instinct of self-preservation. And how blasphemous it does not sound, allows you to perform a combat mission, before the soldier dies radiation sickness. The soldiers were really pumped up with vodka or simply diluted alcohol, sent to a hot spot, and then - immediately to the hospital.
Does vodka emit radiation from the body?
We are interested in two aspects of this problem.
- Does alcohol protect against radiation?
- Whether spirits contribute to the accelerated removal of radionuclides from the body.
Let us turn to its first part. Strong alcoholic beverages are derivatives of ethyl alcohol of different concentrations, with different additives and different manufacturing techniques. Alcohol is a solvent. Getting into the body of the irradiated person, alcohol dissolves and evenly distributes radionuclides throughout the bloodstream. They initially accumulate:
- in the lymph nodes;
- thyroid gland;
- in the spinal and bone marrow.
This redistribution leads to the fact that the affected are the early uninfected organs.
"Carriers" of radiation sickness are molecules of oxygen, which plays the role of transport for various substances. Yes, alcohol slows down this process, delaying the movement of oxygen molecules between the internal organs of man. But this effect is achieved only at critical doses of irradiation and astronomical doses of alcohol taken. This statement is not disputable - the mechanism of impact of shock doses of alcohol to eliminate the effects of strong ionizing radiation is not fully understood.
In all other cases, alcohol and radiation are incompatible. Alcohol only exacerbates the effect of radiation, because the hypoxia caused by it (lack of oxygen in the body) leads to a decrease in immune forces.
As for the question - whether vodka or other strong spirits deduce radiation from the body, the answer of scientists is categorical - alcohol is not included in the list of products that contribute to this process.
The popular opinion about whether vodka helps with radiation does not have any basis. This "half-knowledge" of the problem led to the birth of delusions in some people, and some served as an excuse for their attachments to the "green snake."
Red wine and radiation
The art of wine treatment (enotherapy) has been known since ancient times. In general, in Soviet times the official attitude to this product was extremely negative. But in the 70-80s of the last century, natural red wines introduced into the ration the crews of nuclear submarines and personnel serving radioactive installations. The Chernobyl tragedy forced retreat of hypocrisy and propaganda in the struggle for a sober lifestyle. Literally the next day after the accident, huge supplies of red dry wine were delivered to Kiev.
What do we owe this drink, and does red wine help from radiation? The study of its chemical composition and effects on the human body shows that natural red wine:
strengthens the immune system;
- increases the body's resistance to viral, electromagnetic and radiation effects;
- thanks to the content of pectins and vitamins accelerates the excretion of radionuclides (although to a very small extent);
- contains a natural antioxidant, which protects against the effects of radiation, and thanks to the presence of resveratrol, it is able to prevent some damage caused by it;
- due to the presence of rubidium in it, accelerates the removal of radioactive cesium from the body.
It is necessary to clarify the above-mentioned positive "relationships" of red wine and radiation. The main positive effect is achieved precisely due to the powerful oxidant properties of this product. By suppressing the effect of free radicals, this product inhibits the oxidative processes triggered by radiation.
The recommended dose is 100-150 ml per day, that is, one glass. Large doses do not enhance the positive effect, but act like banal booze.
Beer and radiation
Outside our wanderings through the labyrinths of the Internet there was one more alcoholic beverage - beer.
The authors of publications on the protective properties of a frothy drink from radiation refer to the fact that beer promotes the release of liquid from the body, along with which slags are released, including radionuclides. This is nothing more than idle reasoning, not confirmed by any research.
And, in general, none of the types of alcoholic beverages have almost no radioprotective properties. The most effective radioprotectors created in laboratories are characterized by a special coefficient, the value of which is close to 2. The radioprotective properties of alcoholic beverages are weaker by a factor of 2 and operate for a very limited time, and only with acute irradiation received in seconds and minutes.
Radiation can be derived only preparations of stable isotopes that displace radioactive "counterparts", as well as products containing pectin:
- black currant;
In all situations associated with longer exposure, alcohol against radiation poisoning of the body is powerless and other ways of protection from exposure should be resorted to.