Is it possible to poison chanterelles
Many people prefer to pick and cook mushrooms themselves, enjoying not only the use of delicious food, but also admiring the beauty of nature. Forest chanterelles occupy a well-deserved place among mushrooms. After all, they are not only tasty, but also healthy.
Therefore, let us recall below how useful they are. We will also find out whether these fungi can cause poisoning, under what conditions, clinical signs of intoxication, how to give first aid, what the treatment consists of.
Useful properties of chanterelles
Some people call chanterelle mushrooms a universal medicine:
- They are rich in vitamins A, C, PP, B, D;
- contain trace elements (zinc, copper);
- have antihelminthic effect;
- detrimental effect on the hepatitis virus and improve liver function;
- contribute to the removal of radionuclides;
- improve eyesight;
- have an antitumor effect;
- restrain the growth of tuberculosis sticks.
Some pharmaceutical companies prepare medicines from chanterelle components for the treatment of liver diseases, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, and depression.
Is it possible to get poisoned
Is it possible to poison chanterelles? Such a question is often asked by novice mushroom pickers.
It turns out that it is possible, because these wonderful mushrooms have twins - false chanterelles or orange govorushki - conditionally edible mushrooms, which, if improperly prepared, can be poisoned. Both species of mushrooms grow in coniferous and mixed forests, but real chanterelles, unlike false ones, grow in groups, on rotting old trees do not grow.
False chanterelles are quite difficult to distinguish from edible "relatives", especially not very experienced mushroom pickers. But still they have such differences from the real ones: except for a brighter color, the false ones have smooth, rounded, and not wavy edges, the plates go down onto the leg, but do not transfer to it. Real chanterelles are not wormy and their flesh, unlike the false ones, smells good.
Chanterelle poisoning can occur in the following cases.
- True chanterelles are confused with false ones - poisoning, possibly with their improperly cooked;
- In the basket of mushrooms accidentally hit at least one poisonous. Even after a brief joint stay, the majority of the assembled party becomes poisonous.
- Mushrooms are collected in environmentally polluted places, and they adsorb chemical fertilizers, heavy metal salts and other toxic substances.
- When hermetic packaging (canning) because of poor-quality cleansing in the jar were spores of botulinum sticks.
- Chanterelle mushrooms chanterelles (even real, and not false), possibly with their bacterial contamination - by hand or through the container. This happens more often with salted or long-term storage of boiled, fried mushrooms and their subsequent use without sufficient heat treatment.
Symptoms of poisoning
Toxins released from false chanterelles affect such important organs as the stomach, intestines, liver and kidneys. The first signs of chanterelle mushroom poisoning may appear after 0.5–3 hours. But sometimes they appear in a day. It depends on the number of mushrooms eaten, the causes of intoxication (which are listed above), the patient's age and the presence of concomitant pathology. But in the case of botulism, the latent period is extended to several days.
When poisoning with false chanterelles, the symptoms will be:
- stomach pain;
- repeated vomiting;
- loose stools (although there may be constipation).
In case of bacterial contamination of the product, chanterelle poisoning in addition to the indicated symptoms is manifested by temperature. The height and duration of the fever depends on the type of germs that cause contamination of the product.
The first signs of botulism "hiding" after chanterelle poisoning are:
connection with the use of canned mushroom;
- sudden visual impairment (fog, ghosting);
- dry mouth;
- muscle weakness.
Symptoms of chanterelle mushroom poisoning can develop when they absorb toxic substances from the environment or from inappropriate containers (for example, from galvanized dishes). Deterioration of well-being may come already after 20-30 minutes after eating such mushrooms.
In case of accidental ingress of at least one poisonous fungus into the collected batch, the clinical manifestations will depend on its type. Can be:
- constricted or dilated pupils;
- dry mouth or excessive salivation;
- increase or decrease in blood pressure.
But nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea are almost uncomfortable with poisoning with any kind of poisonous mushrooms. These manifestations can lead to dehydration of the victim. Such poisonings are much more difficult than those caused by false chanterelles.
Chanterelles are difficult to digest mushrooms. Therefore, their use in large quantities, especially those with digestive tract problems and enzymatic deficiency, may result in intestinal blockage with undigested product, which will require medical assistance.
If any clinical manifestations occur after eating mushrooms, an ambulance should be called. The remaining mushrooms that have not been eaten need to be preserved for further investigation, which will help to carry out the correct treatment. In case of poisoning by chanterelles before the arrival of the doctor, first aid should be provided to the victim (to himself or with the help of relatives).
- Make gastric lavage with boiled water: drink 4–5 glasses of water - warm or room temperature - and induce vomiting by pressing on the root of the tongue with a spoon (the opposite end). Rinse until clear wash water is obtained.
- Make a cleansing enema with warm water.
- Give the victim any of the sorbents (“Activated carbon” - 10–15 tablets, “Enterodez” or “Enterosorb” - 1 bag, “Enterosgel” - 1 tablespoon), dissolving it in 100 ml of boiled water.
- Give 20 g of salt laxative (“Salt Barbara”, “Sulfuric acid magnesia”).
- Drink plenty of water.
Poisoning with false chanterelles is usually not difficult. If the poisoning caused the sorption of fungi, toxic substances or a random poisonous fungus, then the condition of the victim will be more severe and requires hospitalization.
Symptomatic treatment is carried out in the hospital. By the presence of evidence used:
- heart medications (Corazol, Cordiamin and others);
- detoxification therapy - intravenous administration of solutions ("Glucose", "Reosorbilact" and others);
- antibiotics or nitrofuran preparations can be used for bacterial poisoning;
- in case of botulism, antibotulinic serum is administered.
Under certain conditions, poisoning with these tasty mushrooms is possible. But in case of poisoning with chanterelles, treatment shows a good result with a rainbow outcome.