How often can you go to the solarium without harm to health
Fashion attend solarium, there was not so long ago. Beautiful tan has become an indispensable attribute of success, which led to the creation of devices that replace the effect of sunlight, namely, ultraviolet rays on the body. So far, controversy continues about whether tanning is harmful.
You can also sunbathe under the sun, especially since we receive our dose of ultraviolet rays daily. Of course, in countries that are closer to the poles, it is smaller, but does the body really need ultraviolet? Let's figure out whether to sunbathe, and even more so - is it harmless to get a tan in a tanning salon, artificially?
How ultraviolet rays affect the body
Ultraviolet rays come in different lengths and therefore they are divided into three groups: UV-A, UV-B and UV-C. Unlike infrared radiation, ultraviolet is capable of changing chemical processes.
The most active in this regard is UV-C. It is these rays that, acting on oxygen, destroy it on atoms, which leads to the formation of ozone, which actively absorbs them, so they often do not reach the surface of the globe. Of course, if you do not take into account the formation of ozone holes, which dramatically increases the level of radiation.
UV-B is also largely absorbed by ozone, usually only a small part of the earth usually reaches it. But it is this spectrum that actively influences the body, and while UV-C coagulates the body's proteins, UV-B can simulate metabolic processes, increase immunity, if its doses are low. Irradiation in large quantities can cause cell mutations. The ultraviolet rays of the B group can affect the body both positively and negatively.
UV-A rays do not penetrate deep into the skin, but they oxidize the pigment melanin, which is in the epithelium cells, this causes its darkening or tanning. The tan color depends on the amount of melanin in the surface layer - the smaller it is, the harder it is to tan. Therefore, some people can not tan, their skin reddens, inflamed, and sometimes covered with small pigment spots, which are formed in places with a high content of melanin.
By the way, the activity of melanocytes that produce it, increases under the action of UV-B rays, and at the same time, the development of cancer of melanoma is also associated with them. So can a tanning bed whose lamps create artificially ultraviolet rays be safe? What is more harmful than the sun or solarium?
What is a tanning bed
The solarium is a device with lamps that generate ultraviolet rays. According to the manufacturers, special filters completely exclude UV-C rays, and UV-A and UV-B in them are in an optimal ratio. The only thing is that this ratio is individual for people of different skin types, and those who pursue profits and install lamps with a high content in the spectrum of UV-B rays do not think about the danger to the client.
Another problem is that the lamps have a shelf life, having worked 600-800 hours, they can not provide a normal tan. Therefore, it is important that they are faithfully changed in time. And in the first 50–100 hours of their work, they warned the client that the duration of their stay in a tanning salon should be shortened, since new lamps emit more efficiently and the irradiation rate increases.
Now there are many different tanning beds horizontal, vertical, with increased comfort (aromatherapy), but, most importantly, safety. What gives us a tanning bed, good or harm?
To find out whether it is useful to visit a tanning salon, it is necessary to figure out how ultraviolet rays affect a person.
UV rays are able to stimulate the production of vitamin D in the body, which is necessary for the exchange of calcium and phosphorus. Its deficiency can cause rickets in children, bone diseases, brittle bones and much more.
- They enhance the redox processes, activate enzymes, improve the metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates.
- Enhance tissue regeneration, their blood supply.
- Improve the overall tone of the body due to increased production of biologically active substances and endorphins (hormones of joy).
- Increase the overall immunity by stimulating the production of antibodies, phagocytic activity.
Ultraviolet therapy is often used to prevent various diseases, improve immunity, and diseases of the nervous system, skin, bones and joints. But all this is manifested only when exposed to ultraviolet rays in a small dose, and it should be done under the supervision of a physician. And if you exceed the dose, trying to get a tan faster, the effect can be deplorable.
What is harmful tanning? Ultraviolet rays affect the chemical processes in the tissues of the body and with prolonged intense irradiation, this can cause:
depression of the body's immune system;
- skin burns;
- dermatitis development;
- the development of malignant skin tumors (melanoma);
- eye diseases (conjunctivitis, cataracts).
The number of malignant skin diseases is increasing every year, and it is not without reason that scientists and doctors are trying to convey to the public that excessive exposure to UV rays is dangerous. Many people, without thinking about it, still try to tan with the help of a tanning bed.
The fact is that skin cancer does not always occur immediately, ultraviolet rays activate cell mitosis and in some cases damage DNA, and these damaged cells can be dormant for a long time and, under certain conditions, begin to multiply, causing the development of cancer.
Many tumors have the same development, for example, 40% of brain cancer patients reported irradiation of the head 10–15 years ago before the disease. Is it worth risking their health by artificially irradiating the skin? The risk of skin cancer among those who regularly attend a tanning salon increases with age by 75%, studies show.
Contraindications to visiting the solarium
There are groups of people who are contraindicated in visiting a solarium, these include:
people who have a large number of moles on the body;
- light-skinned, quickly sunburned people;
- those with relatives who had a history of malignant disease;
- children can not attend the solarium to 18 years;
- patients with exacerbation of chronic inflammatory diseases (tuberculosis, bronchial asthma);
- patients with atherosclerosis;
- having blood diseases;
- pregnant women.
It is not recommended to visit the solarium for those who have an overdose of ultraviolet rays can cause the so-called solar poisoning. It is characterized by redness, burning of the skin, blistering, itching, hives. There are also symptoms such as dizziness, headache, fever and even loss of consciousness.
There are also other restrictions on visiting a tanning bed, for example, taking certain medications, such as antibiotics, antifungals, some heart remedies, and many others. Before you go to the procedure, read the instructions of the medication you are taking, it may indicate that the drug causes a photosensitization of the body. The same effect can have decorative cosmetics and skin care products.
On the question of whether tanning is harmful to the skin, you can immediately answer that it is harmful, because the UV-B rays penetrate deep into the dermis, causing changes in the collagen fibers of its deep layers, and this leads to a decrease in skin tone and wrinkles. Frequent visits to tanning beds not only dries the skin, but also causes its premature aging.
Human skin can be 6 types.
- Celtic type.
- European with fair skin.
- European with dark skin.
People with 5 and 6 skin types do not need tanning, but sunburn is contraindicated for those with 1 or 2 skin type, as the risk of skin cancer is too high, even while in the sun, they should use sunscreen. Well, if you really want to go to the solarium, you should not try to get a dark tan, since this type of skin is unable to produce as much melanin on its own, and using special tools you can cause a malfunction, which is dangerous. Enough light tan, in compliance with the rules and duration of the procedure.
Rules for visiting the solarium
If you still decide to go, then you need to know the rules of tanning in the solarium, this is especially important for those who go there for the first time. So that your tan does not bring unpleasant complications in the form of a burn or overheating.
- Before visiting the tanning salon, you do not need to wash yourself with soap or other hygiene products.
- It is necessary to wash off the makeup.
- If there are tattoos on the skin, it is better to cover them up or treat them with sunscreen.
- The rest of the skin should be lubricated with a special tanning agent in a tanning bed.
- Remove contact lenses and wear protective goggles.
- Breast is better to cover with special linings.
- Hair is closed with a cap or scarf.
- Lubricate the lips with moisturizing balm.
Do not forget to also ask how to call the staff or turn off the device if necessary.
In the first visit you need to sunbathe no more than 5 minutes. But in some cases with light skin or with new lamps, it is better to reduce the time to 3-4 minutes. Gradually, the duration of stay in the solarium is increased to 20 minutes.
After the session, you need to lubricate the skin with a special fixing and moisturizing cream, which are most often sold in the salon itself. And if in a few hours you will not have any side effects, then you can continue the course, but only in 1-2 days.
How often you can go tanning without harm to health, depends on your well-being, but according to studies, a maximum of 30 procedures can be performed per year. Moreover, this may be a course of 7–10 procedures every other day, and then supporting tanning procedures 1–2 times a month, or 2–3 courses per year.
Note also that a visit to the solarium cannot be combined:
- with cosmetological procedures (depilation, peeling);
- with tanning under the sun;
- bath or sauna.
How tanning affects different people
Those who want to get a beautiful tan are interested in how a tanning bed can affect them. Let's answer the most popular questions.
- Is tanning bad for men? If you follow the rules of visiting and do not try to overdo it with a tan, then tanning will not bring harm to men's health, but the likelihood of skin cancer still remains.
- Is tanning bed harmful to women? Women should avoid visiting the solarium on critical days, since a change in hormonal levels can lead to the formation of pigment spots on the skin. There is also a risk of increased menstrual bleeding.
- Is tanning bed harmful to pregnant women? Although they say that it is harmful only because of the possibility of pigmentation, but there is another factor. Ultraviolet rays cause the release of biologically active substances and enhance metabolic processes, which can adversely affect the fetus.
- Is tanning bed harmful to children? A sunbed cannot be visited until the age of 18, since the skin of children and adolescents is thin and tender, which greatly increases the risk of developing cancer.
This is the usual effect of tanning, if you follow all the rules of use, consider contraindications, and the equipment is in normal condition. But when this is not the case, complications can arise after a visit to the tanning salon.
Complications when visiting a tanning bed can be a burn and overheat. When overheating in the solarium, the symptoms may be as follows:
At the first sign, call staff. It is necessary to quickly leave the solarium chamber and get out into the fresh air; a cold compress on the forehead and the back of the head will also help.
First aid for a burn in a tanning bed is to apply a burn cream or smear the skin with kefir - this folk remedy is still relevant. Go to the solarium again, especially if the burn occurred on the first visit, can be no earlier than 2-3 days, and the length of stay in it should be reduced.
Whether solarium is harmful or beneficial, everyone must decide for himself. Many people want to have a beautiful, tanned body, but for the sake of it you should not risk your health. Ultraviolet rays are useful only in small quantities, with prolonged, strong effects, they have a damaging effect not only on the skin, but also on the entire body. In the northern regions, where the sun rarely indulges with its rays, a dosed visit to the solarium can be useful.