What is sorbents and what are their types
When leaving for a vacation abroad, gathering with a family or friends on a hike, or just temporarily moving to another city, you need to stock up on the necessary trifles. These are not sandwiches and warm clothes. These are medicines that can help in an emergency situation. And if many drugs appear in the home medicine chest periodically as needed, then there are substances like activated carbon and Smecta in almost everyone.
Everyone knows that these medicines help. But how they work and in which case it is necessary to give preference to this particular preparation - for many a riddle. What are sorbents and how to take them when poisoning? Such information should be given to everyone who cares about their health.
Types of sorbents
This vast group of chemicals can be called vital means, as they not only improve health, but also save people from serious serious ailments. Sorbents are used in the chemical industry for the purification of petroleum products, in many chemical reactions in the production of synthetic substances. And in medicine sorbents have found their worthy place.
Sorbents, what is it? These are solid or liquid substances that can absorb or absorb from the environment many chemical compounds. They refer to drugs "different pharmacological groups with a local antidote effect." They work directly inside the body, in the digestive system.
According to the classification, sorbents are divided into the following types:
Separately, one can distinguish natural healing substances and another group of drugs that is not included in the classification, but also has the ability to sorb - non-absorbing antacids.
In their functions, these three groups of sorbents are similar to each other. But they differ in the mechanism of action.
Sorbents are used for poisoning with gases, liquids, solids. All of them absorb harmful chemical compounds that have got into the human body. Sorbents connect the poisons by interacting with them or drawing them to their surface.
What are Absorbents?
Absorbents, what is it and how do they work? Such drugs are created artificially or have a natural origin. The absorbent absorbs harmful compounds with its entire mass. That is, on their surface there are capillaries, which, drawing in harmful substances, increase the area of the absorbent. They suck in or absorb harmful compounds in two main ways: interacting with them chemically and physically.
More often such substances are used in industry for purification of natural sources from poisons and chemicals, gas mixtures are subjected to absorption. They are actively used where there is a likelihood of an oil spill. Absorbents are used more often when poisoning the environment. Such substances are used for disinfection of sewage in the household, neutralization of air in apartments and organizations.
Absorbents that actively use:
- coconut sorbent;
- activated coconut coal;
- propylene carbonate;
Despite the more frequent use of absorbents in industry, they can also be found in the household:
- modern water filters with different levels of protection;
- air purifiers;
- used in the decontamination of sewage.
What is adsorbents
Adsorbents, what is it? This type of sorbent is more often used in medicine. They absorb the poison with their surface, binding in large quantities the unnecessary and harmful chemical compounds that have entered the human body. That is, adsorbents do not penetrate into the adsorbents, but collect on their large specific surface area.
Such drugs not only bind toxins, but also with a timely injection slow their absorption. Assign them not only for poisoning. The range of action of these drugs is wide.
Appointed adsorbents in the development of dyspepsia - a violation of the stomach.
- Applied with foodborne infection.
- When an overdose of hypnotics, glycosides.
- Adsorbents are indicated for poisoning with salts of heavy metals, alkaloids.
- In some cases, representatives of this class are used to exacerbate chronic diseases of the digestive system.
It is drugs adsorbents are well known to every person who has ever experienced unpleasant sensations associated with poisoning and the action of toxic substances.
To medicinal preparations adsorbents include:
- activated carbon and its varieties;
- silica gels;
- White clay.
Adsorbents are the drugs of choice when providing emergency care to themselves and to close people. They are practically safe, they are not used only in cases of individual intolerance and bleeding or exacerbation of gastric ulcer.
Absorbent and adsorbent - what's the difference?
As already mentioned, absorbents absorb harmful compounds with their entire mass, while adsorbents make it their external surface.
These two classes of compounds of natural or synthetic origin exist in a solid and gel state.
What is enterosorbents
Enterosorbents are medicines of different structure, which bind harmful substances in the stomach and intestines, which came from outside and formed inside the body. They act differently, they absorb poisons both by their surface and by their entire volume.
Like all previous representatives, enterosorbents are prescribed when poisonous substances enter the body. But not only them. Most often used in exacerbation of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. This is a class of chemical compounds that are used to neutralize harmful compounds in the human body.
They act in all possible ways: they absorb toxins, bind them, and interact with them. Assign enterosorbents not only inside, but also for treatment and disinfection of wounds.
Enterosorbents are used in the following pathologies.
- In acute intestinal infections.
- If an allergic reaction to drugs and food has developed.
- Enterosorbents are also effective in poisoning with salts of heavy metals, alcohol.
- In the treatment of purulent wounds, trophic burns.
- If the intoxication of the organism has developed after the transfer of viral hepatitis, with hepatic insufficiency.
- To prevent the development of chronic intoxication in workers in the chemical industry.
- With the development of intestinal dysbiosis.
These are prescription drugs. Preparations related to enterosorbents:
- Polysorb MP;
These are the medicines that nature and preparations have devised to protect the mucous membrane of the digestive system from the harmful effects of its juices. These are not the modern means described above, but natural sorbents, which everyone uses daily, without thinking about the protective properties of such products.
The following products are classified as natural sorbents.
- Apples. They are recommended to start giving children the first months of life, as they bind intestinal toxins. This includes natural fruits and vegetables, rich in fiber.
- Rice broth. Normalizes the digestive system.
- Decoction of flax seed protects the stomach.
- Natural sorbents are bran.
The same group includes medicines, enveloping the stomach - nonabsorbable antacids. They are not absorbed in the stomach, but protect the mucous membranes from irritation and bind excess hydrochloric acid, which leads to inflammation. These are the following drugs:
Many people, without understanding it, use sorbents in all spheres of their activity. Such drugs help digestion, purify the air and water, protect our body from poisonous substances. But their main function is to help with poisoning. These compounds are available, practically safe and effective. Therefore, they help in the treatment of many conditions.