Table of antidotes and antidotes

Poisons and antidotes to them

Toxins and Poisons Antidotes and antidotes Application Description
Aniline Methylene blue 1–2 milliliters of a 1% solution together with a 5% glucose solution intravenously, repeatedly.
Barium Magnesium or sodium sulphate Gastric lavage with 1% solution of magnesium sulphate.
Benzene Sodium thiosulfate Intravenous to 200 ml, drip.
White phosphorus Sulphate copper Appointed internally, at 0.3-0.5 grams dissolved in half a glass of water. Gastric lavage with 0.2% solution.
Potassium dichromate "Unitiol" Intravenously injected 10 milliliters of a 5% solution.
DDT Calcium Chloride, Calcium Gluconate These antidotes are administered by the intravenous method in 10 ml of 10% solution.

At the same time, gastric lavage and artificial diuresis are performed.

Dichloroethane "Acetylcysteine" 50 mg per pound of weight per day.
Dimethylmercury "Unitiol" "Unithiol" is administered intramuscularly or intravenously, 5 ml.
Sarin Atropine Usually - 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine, intravenously or intramuscularly.
Zoocoumarin "Ditsinon", "Vikasol" The drugs are administered intramuscularly.
Soman Atropine, Diazepam Atropine 1 ml of 0.1% solution, intravenously or intramuscularly.

Diazepam is administered in a standard way to relieve emotional anxiety.

Mustard gas There is no antidote In case of contact with skin, treat it with an individual anti-chemical package.
Iodine Sodium Thiosulfate This antidote is used for intravenous drip injections, up to 300 ml of 30% solution.
Potassium permanganate (manganese) Methylene blue 50 ml of a 1% solution of methylene blue are injected intravenously.
Lewisite "Unithiol", dimercaptopropanol "Unithiol" is used intravenously or intramuscularly.

Dimercaptopropanol is used in oil solutions.

Methyl alcohol Ethanol 100 ml of 30% ethanol solution - inside, 50 ml - every two hours. Total - up to five times. When unconscious - 5% solution of ethyl alcohol, intravenously at the rate of 1 ml of alcohol per kilogram of body weight per day.
Copper sulfate "Unitiol" 10 ml of 5% solution, then, after three hours, 5 ml.
Morphine "Naloxone" Naloxone is administered intramuscularly, intravenously or intranasally.
Arsenic, lead salts Sodium Thiosulfate The antidote is administered intravenously, 5-10 ml. The concentration of the drug - 30%.
Silver nitrate (lapis, silver nitrate) Sodium chloride 2% sodium chloride solution is used for massive gastric lavage.
Phosphorus oxychloride Atropine, isonitrosine Atropine is injected in 1 ml of 1% solution.

Isonitrosine is administered intravenously or intramuscularly.

Oxides and other lead compounds Calcium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid Apply inside, on the capsule twice a day according to the standard scheme.
Mercury vapor "Unithiol" or "Dimercaptopropanol" "Unithiol" is administered intravenously or intramuscularly in 5 ml.

“Dimercaptopropanol” is also administered subcutaneously or intravenously.

Hydrogen sulphide Amine nitrite, methylene blue Artificial respiration, inhalation of amyl nitrite vapor, 50-100 ml of a 1% solution of methylene blue are injected intravenously.
Copper, lead salts "Penicillamine" Penicillamine is administered orally, one tablet once a day.
Hydrocyanic acid "Sodium Thiosulfate" Intravenous administration of sodium thiosulfate, artificial induction of vomiting.

Give the patient to drink activated charcoal.

Chromium compounds "Unithiol", sodium thiosulfate Sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously, drip in the form of a 10% solution of 10–20 ml.

"Unithiol" 5% is administered once 10 ml, then 5 cm3 again after three hours.

Tetanus toxin Tetanus toxoid Introduced subcutaneously, deeply. Single dose - 0.5 mg.
Strychnine Does not have an antidote Washing the stomach with a suspension of activated carbon. In the presence of seizures - intravenous 20 mg of diazepam.
Sulema Composition Strzhevsky (solution of sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, caustic soda in a supersaturated solution of hydrogen sulfide) The Strizhevsky solution is injected into the stomach after washing in an amount of 80-100 ml. If it is impossible to swallow the solution, it is introduced through a probe.

The patient should also be given to drink warm milk.

Thallium Prussian blue The drug is administered orally.
Tetraethyl lead "Antidot Strzhizhovskogo" The Strizhizhovsky solution washes the stomach, and this solution is injected inside.

Intravenous glucose, vitamins of group B, magnesium sulfate is also prescribed. With collapse - heart remedies.

Phenol Sodium Thiosulfate Intravenous, drip - 100 ml of 30% solution.
Formaldehyde (formalin) Ammonium chloride Gastric lavage with ammonium chloride solution.

Sodium sulfate is also administered.

Phosgene There is no antidote There is no specific treatment.
Hydrogen fluoride (hydrofluoric acid) There is no specific antidote. Fresh air, heat-moist soda inhalations; inside codeine, dionin (of 0,015 g), calcium preparations, "Dimedrol". Soothing agents.

In severe cases, intravenous calcium chloride (10 ml of 10% solution). Heart remedies.

Cyanic potassium Methemoglobin formers (nitrogen oxides, nitroglycerin, amyl nitrite, methylene blue), amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite Amylnitrite drip on the fleece and give a sniff every 2 minutes.

Sodium nitrite is administered intravenously in the form of a 2% solution.

Methylene blue 1% solution on a 25% glucose solution intravenously.

Chlorine Oxygen, morphine, atropine The victim must first be removed from the affected area to clean air.

Under the skin, a solution of atropine (1 ml of a 0.1% solution), 1 ml of a 5% ephedrine solution, and 1 ml of 1% morphine is injected.

Chlorophos, thiophos "Dipyroxime" Initially, poisoning is injected intramuscularly with 1 ml of a 15% solution. In severe cases, the same dose is administered at intervals of 1–2 hours. In severe cases, the dose increases to 3-4 ml.
Ethyl mercurchloride "Unitiol" The drug is taken in the same way as in case of poisoning with other mercury compounds.
Ethyl alcohol Atropine, caffeine 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine subcutaneously.

Caffeine - 2 ml of 20% solution.

Ethylene glycol Gluconate or calcium chloride, ethanol

A 10% solution of these compounds is administered intravenously in a dose of 10–20 ml.

Inside - 30 ml of 30% ethanol solution.

Antidotes for drug poisoning

Medicine Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Anesthesin

Methylene blue

Enter 1-2 cm 3 per kilogram of body weight of 1% solution, intravenously, with 10% glucose solution.

Atropine

Pilocarpine

In the absence of excitement - 1 cu. cm 1% solution, sc.

Barbiturates

Bemegride

Bemegride is an antagonist of barbiturates. It is advisable to apply up to 10 cm 3 of a 0.5% solution, intravenously.

For respiratory disorders apply artificial respiration.

Heparin

Protamine Sulfate

Up to 5 ml of 1% protamine sulfate solution is injected intravenously.

"Diazepam"

Anexat (Flumazenil) Flumazenil is an antagonist of drugs of the benzodiazepine group. Introduced intravenously at 0.2 mg. Total dose - 3-5 mg.

Isoniazid

Pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6)

Introduced intramuscularly to 20 mg per kilogram of weight.

Insulin Adrenaline, stress hormones With coma - 1 ml of 0.1% solution of adrenaline.

Caffeine

There is no specific antidote.

Pilocarpine

Atropine

2-3 cm 3 of 0.1% atropine solution are injected subcutaneously or intravenously.

"Teturam"

Ascorbic acid, sodium bicarbonate

40% glucose solution, 10 cc 5% solution of ascorbic acid, 200 ml of 4% sodium bicarbonate solution is injected intravenously, drip.

The antidotes of plant toxins and alkaloids

Toxins and alkaloids Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Hemlock

A mixture of glucose, Novocain A mixture of 0.5 l of 5% glucose solution, 20-50 ml of 1% solution of novocaine is injected intravenously, drip.
Heart glycosides "Digibaynd" Introduced intravenously, drip. The amount of the drug is calculated depending on the amount of glycosides used.
Cannabinol Aminazine, Haloperidol

Aminazine - 2.5% solution of 4–5 ml intramuscularly.

"Haloperidol" - 0.5% solution of 2-3 ml intramuscularly.

Lily of the valley Atropine 1 ml of a 0.1% solution subcutaneously.
Nicotine A mixture of glucose, Novocain A mixture of 0.5 l of 5% glucose solution, 20-50 ml of 1% solution of novocaine is injected intravenously, drip.
Quinine Tannin Washing the stomach with a solution of tannin, the use of activated carbon, laxative.

Antidotes for mushroom poisoning

Mushrooms and toxins Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Anticholinergic toxins

Physostigmine Intravenous 0.5–1 milligram.
Death cap Atropine Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until the symptoms of poisoning disappear. Saline - up to 1 liter per day, drip.
Hallucinogenic toxins Diazepam 5–10 milligrams intravenously.
Hiromitrin

(contained in the lines)

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) Introduced intravenously at the rate of 25 mg per kilogram of body weight.
Muscarin (an alkaloid found in mushrooms) Atropine Introduced 1 cm 3 0.1% atropine subcutaneously or intramuscularly.
Amanita Atropine Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until the symptoms of poisoning disappear.
Orellanin (bitter in the spider web) Atropine The introduction of 1 cm 3 of 0.1% atropine under the skin or intramuscularly.

Antidotes toxins of animal and bacterial origin

Toxins and Poisons Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Botulinum toxin

There is no antidote
Snake bites Heparin, antivenin Heparin - intravenously, 10,000 IU.

Antivenin - from 20 to 150 ml intravenously, depending on the severity of poisoning.

Bee toxins or wasps Adrenaline, Prednisolone, Methason Adrenaline is injected subcutaneously. You must also enter a solution of adrenaline.

The solution of metazone is administered drip intravenously.

Epinephrine can be replaced with ephedrine.

Karakurt Toxin Magnesium sulphate, calcium chloride, antivenin. Injected intravenously, re-solution of magnesium chloride (25%), as well as calcium chloride (10%).

Antivenin - 2.5 cm 3 intravenously or intramuscularly.

Scorpion toxin Atropine, ergotamine 0.5–1 cm 3 of a 0.1% atropine solution, or 0.5–1 cm 3 of a 0.05% ergotamine solution is injected subcutaneously.