Table of antidotes and antidotes
Poisons and antidotes to them
|Toxins and poisons||Antidotes and antidotes||Application Description|
|Aniline||Methylene blue||1-2 milliliters of 1% solution together with 5% glucose solution intravenously, repeatedly.|
|Barium||Sulfate of magnesium or sodium||Gastric lavage with 1% solution of magnesium sulfate.|
|Benzene||Thiosulfate-sodium||Intravenously to 200 ml, drip.|
|White phosphorus||Sernic acid copper||Assigned internally, 0.3-0.5 grams, dissolved in half a cup of water. Gastric lavage with a 0.2% solution.|
|Potassium dichromate||Uniothiol||Intravenous 10 ml of 5% solution is administered.|
|DDT||Calcium chloride, calcium gluconate|| These antidotes are administered intravenously by 10 ml of a 10% solution.
In parallel, gastric lavage and artificial diuresis are performed.
|Dichloroethane||"Acetylcysteine"||50 mg per kilogram of weight, per day.|
|Dimethylmercury||Uniothiol||"Unitiol" is administered intramuscularly or intravenously, 5 ml each.|
|Zarin||Atropine||Usually - 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine, intravenously or intramuscularly.|
|Zoocumarine||"Dicinon", "Vikasol"||The drugs are administered intramuscularly.|
|Zoman||Atropine, diazepam|| Atropine 1 ml 0.1% solution, intravenously or intramuscularly.
Diazepam is administered by the standard scheme to relieve the emotional anxiety.
|Mustard gas||Antidote does not exist||In case of contact with skin, treat it with an individual anti-chemical package.|
|Iodine||Sodium thiosulfate||This antidote is used for intravenous drip introductions, up to 300 ml of a 30% solution.|
|Potassium permanganate (manganese)||Methylene blue||Intravenously injected 50 ml of a 1% solution of methylene blue.|
|Lewisite||Uniothiol, dimercaptopropanol|| "Unitiol" is used intravenously or intramuscularly.
Dimercaptopropanol is used in oily solutions.
|Methyl alcohol||Ethanol||100 ml of a 30% solution of ethanol - inwards, 50 ml every two hours. In total - up to five times. When unconscious - 5% solution of ethyl alcohol, intravenously at the rate of 1 ml of alcohol per kilogram of weight per day.|
|Copper sulfate||Uniothiol||10 ml of a 5% solution, then, after three hours, 5 ml each.|
|Morphine||Naloxone||"Naloxone" is administered intramuscularly, intravenously or intranasally.|
|Arsenic, lead salts||Sodium thiosulfate||The antidote is administered intravenously, 5-10 ml each. The concentration of the drug is 30%.|
|Silver nitrate (lapis, nitric silver)||Sodium chloride||2% sodium chloride solution is used for massive gastric lavage.|
|Phosphorus oxychloride||Atropine, isonitrosoin|| Atropine is administered 1 ml of a 1% solution.
Isonitrosine is administered intravenously or intramuscularly.
|Oxides and other lead compounds||Calcium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid||Apply inside, on the capsule twice a day according to the standard scheme.|
|Mercury vapor||"Unitiol" or "Dimercaptopropanol"|| "Unitiol" is administered intravenously or intramuscularly by 5 ml.
"Dimercaptopropanol" is also administered subcutaneously or intravenously.
|Hydrogen sulfide||Amyl nitrite, methylene blue||Artificial respiration, inhalation of amyl nitrite vapor, intravenously inject 50-100 ml of 1% methylene blue solution.|
|Copper, lead||Penicillamine||Penicillamine is given orally, one tablet once a day.|
|Hydrocyanic acid||"Thiosulphate of sodium"|| Intravenous introduction of "sodium thiosulfate", artificial vomiting.
Give the patient to drink activated charcoal.
|Chromium compounds||Uniothiol, sodium thiosulfate|| Sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously, drip in the form of a 10% solution of 10-20 ml.
"Unitiol" 5% is administered once 10 ml, then 5 cm3 after three hours again.
|Tetanus toxin||Anatoxin tetanus||It is administered subcutaneously, deep. Single dose - 0.5 mg.|
|Strychnine||Has no antidote||Gastric lavage with a suspension of activated charcoal. In the presence of convulsions - intravenously 20 mg of diazepam.|
|Corrosive sublimate||Composition Stříževskogo (solution of sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, sodium hydroxide in a supersaturated solution of hydrogen sulphide)|| Strizhevsky's solution is injected into the stomach after washing in an amount of 80-100 ml. If it is impossible to swallow the solution, it is injected through the probe.
The patient should also be given warm milk.
|Thallium||Prussian blue||The drug is administered orally.|
|Tetraethyl lead||"Antidote of Střížovský"|| Střížovský's solution is washed with a stomach, and also this solution is injected inside.
Intravenous glucose, vitamins of group B, magnesium sulfate are also prescribed. At a collapse - cardiac means.
|Phenol||Sodium thiosulfate||Intravenously, drip - 100 ml of 30% solution.|
|Formaldehyde (formalin)||Ammonium chloride|| Washing of the stomach with a solution of ammonium chloride.
Inside, sodium sulfate is also prescribed.
|Phosgene||Antidote does not exist||Specific treatment does not exist.|
|Hydrofluoric acid (hydrofluoric acid)||Specific antidote does not exist|| Fresh air, teplovazhnye soda inhalation; Inside codeine, dionine (0.015 g), calcium preparations, "Dimedrol". Soothing means.
In severe cases, intravenously, calcium chloride (10 ml of 10% solution). Heart means.
|Potassium cyanide||Methemoglobin-forming agents (nitrogen oxides, nitroglycerin, amyl nitrite, methylene blue), amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite|| Amyl nitrite is dripped on cotton wool and allowed to sniff every 2 minutes.
Sodium nitrite is administered intravenously in the form of a 2% solution.
Methylene blue 1% solution on 25% glucose solution intravenously.
|Chlorine||Oxygen, morphine, atropine|| The victim must first of all be taken out of the affected area into clean air.
Under the skin, a solution of atropine (1 ml of a 0.1% solution), 1 ml of a 5% solution of ephedrine, 1 ml of 1% morphine is injected.
|Chlorophos, thiophos||"Dipiroxime"||At the beginning of the poisoning, intramuscularly inject 1 ml of a 15% solution. In severe cases, the same dose is administered at intervals of 1-2 hours. In especially severe cases, the dose increases to 3-4 ml.|
|Ethyl mercuric chloride||Uniothiol||The drug is taken in the same way as when other mercury compounds are poisoned.|
|Ethyl alcohol||Atropine, caffeine|| 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine subcutaneously.
Caffeine - 2 ml of 20% solution.
|Ethylene glycol||Gluconate or calcium chloride, ethanol|
10% solution of these compounds is administered intravenously by 10-20 ml.
Inside - 30 ml of a 30% solution of ethanol.
Antidotes for drug poisoning
|Medicine||Antidotes and antidotes||Application Description|
Enter 1-2 cm 3 for one kilogram of weight 1% solution, intravenously, with 10% glucose solution.
In the absence of excitation - 1 cu. cm 1% solution, subcutaneously.
Bemegrid is a barbiturate antagonist. It is advisable to apply up to 10 cm 3 of a 0.5% solution, intravenously.
When breathing is used, artificial ventilation is used.
Sulphate of protamine
|Intravenously injected up to 5 ml of a 1% solution of protamine sulfate.|
|"Anexat" ("Flumazenil")||"Flumazenil" is an antagonist of benzodiazepine group drugs. Enter intravenously for 0.2 mg. The total dose is 3-5 mg.|
|Pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6)|
Intramuscularly administered up to 20 mg per kilogram of body weight.
|Insulin||Adrenaline, stress hormones||At a coma - 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of adrenaline.|
Specific antidote does not exist
Subcutaneously or intravenously, 2-3 cm 3 of a 0.1% solution of atropine is administered.
Ascorbic acid, sodium hydrogen carbonate
|40% glucose solution, 10 cc 5% solution of ascorbic acid, 200 ml of 4% sodium hydrogen carbonate solution is administered intravenously, drip.|
Antidotes of plant toxins and alkaloids
|Toxins and alkaloids||Antidotes and antidotes||Application Description|
|Mixture of glucose, novocaine||A mixture of 0.5 liters of a 5% solution of glucose, 20-50 ml of a 1% solution of novocaine is administered intravenously, drip.|
|Cardiac glycosides||"Digibind"||Introduced intravenously, drip. The amount of the drug is calculated depending on the amount of glycosides used.|
"Aminazine" - 2.5% solution of 4-5 ml intramuscularly.
"Haloperidol" - 0.5% solution of 2-3 ml intramuscularly.
|Lily of the valley||Atropine||1 ml of 0.1% solution subcutaneously.|
|Nicotine||Mixture of glucose, novocaine||A mixture of 0.5 liters of a 5% solution of glucose, 20-50 ml of a 1% solution of novocaine is administered intravenously, drip.|
|Quinine||Tannin||Washing of the stomach with a solution of tannin, the use of activated carbon, a laxative.|
Antidotes for poisoning with mushrooms
|Mushrooms and toxins||Antidotes and antidotes||Application Description|
|Physostigmine||Intravenous by 0.5-1 milligram.|
|Death cap||Atropine||Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until symptoms of poisoning disappear. Physiological saline - up to 1 liter per day, drip.|
|Hallucinogenic toxins||Diazepam||Intravenous by 5-10 milligrams.|
(contained in the lines)
|Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)||It is administered intravenously at a rate of 25 mg per kilogram of body weight.|
|Muscarine (an alkaloid contained in mushrooms)||Atropine||Enter 1 cm 3 of 0.1% atropine subcutaneously or intramuscularly.|
|Amanita||Atropine||Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until symptoms of poisoning disappear.|
|Orellanin (contained in the spiderweb bitter)||Atropine||Introduction 1 cm 3 0.1% atropine under the skin or intramuscularly.|
Antidotes of toxins of animal and bacterial origin
|Toxins and poisons||Antidotes and antidotes||Application Description|
|Antidote does not exist|
|Snakebites||Heparin, antivenin|| Heparin - intravenously, 10,000 units.
Antivenin - from 20 to 150 ml intravenously, depending on the severity of poisoning.
|Toxins of bees or wasps||Adrenaline, "Prednisolone", a metazone|| Adrenaline is administered subcutaneously. It is also necessary to inject a solution of epinephrine.
The solution of the metazone is injected intravenously.
Adrenaline can be replaced with ephedrine.
|Toxin of karakurt||Magnesium sulphate, calcium chloride, antivenin.|| Introduce intravenously, re-solution of magnesium chloride (25%), as well as calcium chloride (10%).
Antivenin - 2.5 cm 3 intravenously or intramuscularly.
|Scorpion Toxin||Atropine, ergotamine||Subcutaneously injected 0.5-1 cm 3 0.1% solution of atropine, or 0.5-1 cm 3 0.05% solution of ergotamine.|