Table of antidotes and antidotes

Poisons and antidotes to them

Toxins and poisons Antidotes and antidotes Application Description
Aniline Methylene blue 1-2 milliliters of 1% solution together with 5% glucose solution intravenously, repeatedly.
Barium Sulfate of magnesium or sodium Gastric lavage with 1% solution of magnesium sulfate.
Benzene Thiosulfate-sodium Intravenously to 200 ml, drip.
White phosphorus Sernic acid copper Assigned internally, 0.3-0.5 grams, dissolved in half a cup of water. Gastric lavage with a 0.2% solution.
Potassium dichromate Uniothiol Intravenous 10 ml of 5% solution is administered.
DDT Calcium chloride, calcium gluconate These antidotes are administered intravenously by 10 ml of a 10% solution.

In parallel, gastric lavage and artificial diuresis are performed.

Dichloroethane "Acetylcysteine" 50 mg per kilogram of weight, per day.
Dimethylmercury Uniothiol "Unitiol" is administered intramuscularly or intravenously, 5 ml each.
Zarin Atropine Usually - 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine, intravenously or intramuscularly.
Zoocumarine "Dicinon", "Vikasol" The drugs are administered intramuscularly.
Zoman Atropine, diazepam Atropine 1 ml 0.1% solution, intravenously or intramuscularly.

Diazepam is administered by the standard scheme to relieve the emotional anxiety.

Mustard gas Antidote does not exist In case of contact with skin, treat it with an individual anti-chemical package.
Iodine Sodium thiosulfate This antidote is used for intravenous drip introductions, up to 300 ml of a 30% solution.
Potassium permanganate (manganese) Methylene blue Intravenously injected 50 ml of a 1% solution of methylene blue.
Lewisite Uniothiol, dimercaptopropanol "Unitiol" is used intravenously or intramuscularly.

Dimercaptopropanol is used in oily solutions.

Methyl alcohol Ethanol 100 ml of a 30% solution of ethanol - inwards, 50 ml every two hours. In total - up to five times. When unconscious - 5% solution of ethyl alcohol, intravenously at the rate of 1 ml of alcohol per kilogram of weight per day.
Copper sulfate Uniothiol 10 ml of a 5% solution, then, after three hours, 5 ml each.
Morphine Naloxone "Naloxone" is administered intramuscularly, intravenously or intranasally.
Arsenic, lead salts Sodium thiosulfate The antidote is administered intravenously, 5-10 ml each. The concentration of the drug is 30%.
Silver nitrate (lapis, nitric silver) Sodium chloride 2% sodium chloride solution is used for massive gastric lavage.
Phosphorus oxychloride Atropine, isonitrosoin Atropine is administered 1 ml of a 1% solution.

Isonitrosine is administered intravenously or intramuscularly.

Oxides and other lead compounds Calcium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid Apply inside, on the capsule twice a day according to the standard scheme.
Mercury vapor "Unitiol" or "Dimercaptopropanol" "Unitiol" is administered intravenously or intramuscularly by 5 ml.

"Dimercaptopropanol" is also administered subcutaneously or intravenously.

Hydrogen sulfide Amyl nitrite, methylene blue Artificial respiration, inhalation of amyl nitrite vapor, intravenously inject 50-100 ml of 1% methylene blue solution.
Copper, lead Penicillamine Penicillamine is given orally, one tablet once a day.
Hydrocyanic acid "Thiosulphate of sodium" Intravenous introduction of "sodium thiosulfate", artificial vomiting.

Give the patient to drink activated charcoal.

Chromium compounds Uniothiol, sodium thiosulfate Sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously, drip in the form of a 10% solution of 10-20 ml.

"Unitiol" 5% is administered once 10 ml, then 5 cm3 after three hours again.

Tetanus toxin Anatoxin tetanus It is administered subcutaneously, deep. Single dose - 0.5 mg.
Strychnine Has no antidote Gastric lavage with a suspension of activated charcoal. In the presence of convulsions - intravenously 20 mg of diazepam.
Corrosive sublimate Composition Stříževskogo (solution of sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, sodium hydroxide in a supersaturated solution of hydrogen sulphide) Strizhevsky's solution is injected into the stomach after washing in an amount of 80-100 ml. If it is impossible to swallow the solution, it is injected through the probe.

The patient should also be given warm milk.

Thallium Prussian blue The drug is administered orally.
Tetraethyl lead "Antidote of Střížovský" Střížovský's solution is washed with a stomach, and also this solution is injected inside.

Intravenous glucose, vitamins of group B, magnesium sulfate are also prescribed. At a collapse - cardiac means.

Phenol Sodium thiosulfate Intravenously, drip - 100 ml of 30% solution.
Formaldehyde (formalin) Ammonium chloride Washing of the stomach with a solution of ammonium chloride.

Inside, sodium sulfate is also prescribed.

Phosgene Antidote does not exist Specific treatment does not exist.
Hydrofluoric acid (hydrofluoric acid) Specific antidote does not exist Fresh air, teplovazhnye soda inhalation; Inside codeine, dionine (0.015 g), calcium preparations, "Dimedrol". Soothing means.

In severe cases, intravenously, calcium chloride (10 ml of 10% solution). Heart means.

Potassium cyanide Methemoglobin-forming agents (nitrogen oxides, nitroglycerin, amyl nitrite, methylene blue), amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite Amyl nitrite is dripped on cotton wool and allowed to sniff every 2 minutes.

Sodium nitrite is administered intravenously in the form of a 2% solution.

Methylene blue 1% solution on 25% glucose solution intravenously.

Chlorine Oxygen, morphine, atropine The victim must first of all be taken out of the affected area into clean air.

Under the skin, a solution of atropine (1 ml of a 0.1% solution), 1 ml of a 5% solution of ephedrine, 1 ml of 1% morphine is injected.

Chlorophos, thiophos "Dipiroxime" At the beginning of the poisoning, intramuscularly inject 1 ml of a 15% solution. In severe cases, the same dose is administered at intervals of 1-2 hours. In especially severe cases, the dose increases to 3-4 ml.
Ethyl mercuric chloride Uniothiol The drug is taken in the same way as when other mercury compounds are poisoned.
Ethyl alcohol Atropine, caffeine 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of atropine subcutaneously.

Caffeine - 2 ml of 20% solution.

Ethylene glycol Gluconate or calcium chloride, ethanol

10% solution of these compounds is administered intravenously by 10-20 ml.

Inside - 30 ml of a 30% solution of ethanol.

Antidotes for drug poisoning

Medicine Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Anestezine

Methylene blue

Enter 1-2 cm 3 for one kilogram of weight 1% solution, intravenously, with 10% glucose solution.

Atropine

Pilocarpine

In the absence of excitation - 1 cu. cm 1% solution, subcutaneously.

Barbiturates

Bemegrid

Bemegrid is a barbiturate antagonist. It is advisable to apply up to 10 cm 3 of a 0.5% solution, intravenously.

When breathing is used, artificial ventilation is used.

Heparin

Sulphate of protamine

Intravenously injected up to 5 ml of a 1% solution of protamine sulfate.

Diazepam

"Anexat" ("Flumazenil") "Flumazenil" is an antagonist of benzodiazepine group drugs. Enter intravenously for 0.2 mg. The total dose is 3-5 mg.

Isoniazid

Pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6)

Intramuscularly administered up to 20 mg per kilogram of body weight.

Insulin Adrenaline, stress hormones At a coma - 1 ml of a 0.1% solution of adrenaline.

Caffeine

Specific antidote does not exist

Pilocarpine

Atropine

Subcutaneously or intravenously, 2-3 cm 3 of a 0.1% solution of atropine is administered.

"Teturam"

Ascorbic acid, sodium hydrogen carbonate

40% glucose solution, 10 cc 5% solution of ascorbic acid, 200 ml of 4% sodium hydrogen carbonate solution is administered intravenously, drip.

Antidotes of plant toxins and alkaloids

Toxins and alkaloids Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Hemlock

Mixture of glucose, novocaine A mixture of 0.5 liters of a 5% solution of glucose, 20-50 ml of a 1% solution of novocaine is administered intravenously, drip.
Cardiac glycosides "Digibind" Introduced intravenously, drip. The amount of the drug is calculated depending on the amount of glycosides used.
Cannabinol "Aminazine", "Haloperidol"

"Aminazine" - 2.5% solution of 4-5 ml intramuscularly.

"Haloperidol" - 0.5% solution of 2-3 ml intramuscularly.

Lily of the valley Atropine 1 ml of 0.1% solution subcutaneously.
Nicotine Mixture of glucose, novocaine A mixture of 0.5 liters of a 5% solution of glucose, 20-50 ml of a 1% solution of novocaine is administered intravenously, drip.
Quinine Tannin Washing of the stomach with a solution of tannin, the use of activated carbon, a laxative.

Antidotes for poisoning with mushrooms

Mushrooms and toxins Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Anticholinergic toxins

Physostigmine Intravenous by 0.5-1 milligram.
Death cap Atropine Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until symptoms of poisoning disappear. Physiological saline - up to 1 liter per day, drip.
Hallucinogenic toxins Diazepam Intravenous by 5-10 milligrams.
Giromitrin

(contained in the lines)

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) It is administered intravenously at a rate of 25 mg per kilogram of body weight.
Muscarine (an alkaloid contained in mushrooms) Atropine Enter 1 cm 3 of 0.1% atropine subcutaneously or intramuscularly.
Amanita Atropine Subcutaneously - 0.1% 1 ml of solution every hour until symptoms of poisoning disappear.
Orellanin (contained in the spiderweb bitter) Atropine Introduction 1 cm 3 0.1% atropine under the skin or intramuscularly.

Antidotes of toxins of animal and bacterial origin

Toxins and poisons Antidotes and antidotes Application Description

Botulinum toxin

Antidote does not exist
Snakebites Heparin, antivenin Heparin - intravenously, 10,000 units.

Antivenin - from 20 to 150 ml intravenously, depending on the severity of poisoning.

Toxins of bees or wasps Adrenaline, "Prednisolone", a metazone Adrenaline is administered subcutaneously. It is also necessary to inject a solution of epinephrine.

The solution of the metazone is injected intravenously.

Adrenaline can be replaced with ephedrine.

Toxin of karakurt Magnesium sulphate, calcium chloride, antivenin. Introduce intravenously, re-solution of magnesium chloride (25%), as well as calcium chloride (10%).

Antivenin - 2.5 cm 3 intravenously or intramuscularly.

Scorpion Toxin Atropine, ergotamine Subcutaneously injected 0.5-1 cm 3 0.1% solution of atropine, or 0.5-1 cm 3 0.05% solution of ergotamine.