Table of use of sorbents for poisoning

Sorbents - drugs

Drug name

Characteristics of the drug

Dosage and method of use

Explanation of use for poisoning

Activated carbon ("Karbolen", "Sorbeks") Coal of animal or vegetable origin, used after special treatment. Black powder, odorless and tasteless, comes in tablets. Tablets of 0.5 or 0.25 g. A single dose is 5–30 g 3–4 days after poisoning, then 1–2 g up to four times a day until the state normalizes. Activated carbon can be used for any type of poisoning - food, drug, salts of heavy metals, alcohol. Especially effective in acute cases (with the entry of toxic substances through the stomach) as well absorbs harmful substances and relieves intoxication. For better effect, coal can be crushed, it is dissolved in water at the rate of 1 tablet for every 10 kg of body weight.
"Carbolong" Large black powder, which is obtained from stone coals. Powder in sachets of 5 or 10 g and in large packets of 150 and 100 g. They are prescribed 5–10 g three times a day for 3 to 15 days. The indications are the same as those of activated carbon, but the drug is more convenient to use, due to the powdery structure it can adsorb more chemicals on itself, suitable for use in hyperacid gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa with an increase in the level of hydrochloric acid).
"Polysorb MP" The drug belonging to the group of enterosorbents, is available in vials and powder. Available in powder form for the preparation of suspensions of 1 or 2 g, vials 12 g, powders 50 g. Used for poisoning for five days from 7 to 10 g three times a day, during the development of intestinal infections it is recommended to use 3 g 3 times 3-4 days a day. Well suited for poisoning with drugs and toxic substances, alcohol, with intestinal toxicoinfections and allergic conditions. In severe cases, this drug can wash the stomach. For this, the substance dissolves in water and is administered through a probe for 4–6 times a day, in case of allergic conditions associated with a disruption of the bowels, the standard treatment is 10–15 days.
"Enterosgel" It refers to a group of drugs for long-term use. Available in the form of a gel and paste. Gel of 45 and 225 g, paste. Assign the drug inside, at least one hour before meals. Before use, the substance is dissolved in 100 ml of water. Adults are recommended 1 tablespoon 3 times during the day, babies under 5 years old are advised to take 3 times 1 tsp. Children up to 14 years old 1 dessert spoon three times. In severe poisoning, the dose is doubled during the first day. Duration of reception is 3-5 days, in case of development of allergic diseases or in case of chronic intoxication it is prescribed up to three weeks. It is used in the development of allergic conditions if poisoning by metals, toxic and potent substances, and alcohol has occurred. It is better to use it in complex treatment in case of development of stagnation in the digestive system, except for intestinal atony. Helps to cope with children's diathesis, if you take it for at least 2 weeks with the main treatment. Small children can not be dissolved in water, and give a teaspoon an hour before meals.
"Polyphepan" The dark brown powder is odorless and taste, which is obtained by processing lignin. Powder in sachets of 10 g or in large packs of 50, 100, 250 and 500 g. Consume 1 tablespoon in oral up to 4 times a day. Before use, stir in water, consume within 2 minutes. The course of treatment is 5-7 days. In the usual dose (tablespoon four times a day) is suitable for use in chronic intoxication and infectious diseases of the digestive system. Unlike other enterosorbents, it can lower the level of cholesterol in the blood, but it is recommended to prolong the treatment to one month, and in some cases even more.
Laktofiltrum, Filtrum Dark brown tablets, consisting of lactulose and lignin. It is taken one hour before meals, washed down with plenty of water. Adults are recommended to use 3 tablets three times a day, children under 12 years old - 1-2 tablets, from 3 to 7 years old one by one. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks with chronic intoxication, with acute infections up to five days. The drug effectively binds toxic substances from outside and formed in the human body itself. The standard dose for an adult is 3 tablets 3 times a day, this amount of the drug helps to bind and remove ammonia, alcohol and drugs decomposition products, toxins, metal salts, poisons. That is, the main indication is the treatment of long-term intoxications.
White coal The main composition of the drug - silicon dioxide and sucrose, is available in the form of tablets and suspensions. 700 mg tablets. It is prescribed from three years to seven, one tablet 4 times a day, children older than 7 years old are recommended to take 3-4 tablets 4 times a day until the state normalizes. Only two pills a day for two to three weeks will rid the body of the effects of dysbiosis and eliminate toxins that have accumulated as a result of malnutrition or chronic gastrointestinal diseases. But in the case of acute conditions, the drug should be taken four times three tablets. It is used for acute food poisoning, dysbiosis, intestinal infections, allergic diseases. The only negative is the presence of sucrose in the composition, so people with diabetes cannot use it.
Smecta (Neosmectin). Powder, which is obtained from clay minerals. The powder in 3 g sachets is recommended to be dissolved in water before use. A single dose of an adult is 9 g, the recommended dose for a 1 year old child is 3 g. The drug is applied until normalization of health, improvement of the gastrointestinal tract. Used as an adsorbent and antidiarrheal agent. In addition, it has an enveloping effect in diseases of the digestive system. The recommended dosage for an adult with alcohol and food poisoning is 3 sachets, once dissolved in water. In other cases, it is used three times a day from 7 days to four weeks.
"Enterodez" The powder is most often white, soluble in water. Powder bags for ingestion of 5 and 50 g. The course of treatment from 2 to 7 days, 5 g to 3 times a day. If necessary, treatment can be extended to 15 days. Distinctive features of the drug - it only binds harmful substances, while the body remains useful trace elements. “Enterodesis” is prescribed for mild to moderate poisoning (1-3 times a day), in more severe cases it cannot be recommended. Effectively binds toxins that enter the body or are formed in the process of improper digestion. It is prescribed for all types of intoxication, suitable for use by pregnant women.
"Atoxyl" Silicon dioxide, belongs to the group of enterosorbents. Sachets of 2 grams, 12 g bottles, 10 mg bottles. The daily dose of an adult and a child over 7 years old is 12 g, in severe cases, the amount of the drug is doubled. Children up to 7 years old are prescribed 0.15–0.2 g per 1 kg of body weight, in three doses. The course of treatment is individual from 5 to 15 days. Before use, the powder must be mixed with water, and you need to take an hour before eating. Appointed with alcohol poisoning, mushroom poisoning, with the development of food toxicoinfections in a double dose, which is an average of 20-24 g, after a day the amount of the drug is reduced to 12 g in three doses. The minimum course of treatment is 5 days.
"Sorbolong" The drug belongs to the group of enterosorbents, and, in fact, is a mixture of Enterosgel with inulin. Available in capsules. Assigned to the inside between meals. The dose of an adult person is 15 g three times a day. Children up to three years old are recommended 5 g twice a day, from three to five years 5 g three times, and up to 14 years, you can take 10 g three times a day. The course of treatment from 7 days to two weeks. In severe acute conditions in the first three days of the development of the disease (dysbiosis, disorders of the digestive system, alcohol poisoning and drug overdose), the dose should be doubled to 30 g for an adult. Suitable for the treatment of chronic intoxication in the standard dose.
Chitosan This is a natural amino saccharide, belongs to the enterosorbents, which includes chitin and chitosan. Obtained from crustacean shell. Tablets and capsules of 500 mg. For prophylactic methods and in complex treatment, 1 capsule is prescribed no more than 2 times a day one hour before meals or 60 minutes after eating food. Such a drug is more suitable for long-term planned intake (for cleansing the intestines, with intoxication of the body due to prolonged chemotherapy) for which the drug is prescribed twice a day for more than a month. Used for light acute poisoning 1 capsule every 60 minutes, no more than 6 per day for 2-3 days.
"Linex" The active ingredient is lebenin, containing in its composition bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, enterococci. 280 mg capsules. The course of treatment depends on the disease. It is prescribed to children up to 24 months three times a day, up to 12 years old, you can take 1-2 capsules three times a day, over 12 years old it is recommended to take 2 capsules no more than 3 times a day. "Linex" is a substance to restore the normal microflora of the intestine after antibiotic therapy or the appointment of other potent drugs, with the development of intestinal infections, so it is recommended to take it in complex treatment three times a day until you feel well.
"Integnin" Hydrolyzed lignin, belongs to the group of enterosorbents. Tablets 0.4 g, granules and pasta. It is used in acute conditions of 12-16 tablets per day inside, for planned treatment it is recommended to take 2 tablets three times a day for 30 days. It is prescribed for many types of intoxication of the body: poisoning with harmful chemicals, in case of development of intestinal infections, allergic diseases, when working in conditions of harmful production, to normalize the work of the intestine. In such cases, "Integnin" is taken at least a month 6 tablets per day. In acute conditions, the drug is administered in a double dosage of 2-3 days.

Natural sorbents

  1. Rice decoction. The product, which is used in the development of food infections, relaxation of stool. It is applied from three times a day and more for several days until the condition is normalized.
  2. Bran. Effective natural enterosorbent, which is used for the treatment of chronic intestinal intoxication. It is recommended to apply 2-3 times a day during the month, the dose is calculated individually, depending on the mass of the person.
  3. The flesh of an apple. It belongs to the group of enterosorbents, well absorbs intestinal poisons. It is recommended for use in infants during the introduction of complementary foods. For treatment, wiped pulp is used half an hour before meals at least three times a day for a long time.
  4. Fresh juices of vegetables. Suitable for the treatment of chronic intestinal diseases. Freshly squeezed beet, cabbage and carrot juices are applied before meals for several weeks.