Table of application of sorbents for poisoning

Sorbents - medicines

Name of the drug

Characteristics of the preparation

Dosage and route of administration

Explanation for use in poisoning

Activated charcoal (Carbolen, Sorbeks) Coal of animal or vegetable origin, used after special treatment. Black powder, odorless and tasteless, is available in tablets. Tablets of 0.5 or 0.25 g. One-time administration is 5-30 g 3-4 days after poisoning, then until the state normalizes 1-2 g to four times a day. Activated carbon can be used for any kind of poisoning - food, medicinal, salts of heavy metals, alcohol. It is especially effective in acute cases (when poisonous substances enter through the stomach), since it adsorbs harmful substances well and removes intoxication. For the best effect, the coal can be crushed, it is dissolved in water from the calculation of 1 tablet for every 10 kg of body weight.
Carbolong A large powder of black color, which is obtained from stone stones. Powder in bags of 5 or 10 g and in large packages of 150 and 100 g. Assign 5-10 g three times a day for 3 to 15 days. The indications are the same as for activated carbon, but the drug is more convenient to use, due to the powder structure it can adsorb more chemicals on itself, it is suitable for use with hyperacid gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa with an increase in the level of hydrochloric acid).
"Polysorb MP" The drug, belonging to the group of enterosorbents, is produced in vials and powder. It is available in the form of a powder for the preparation of a suspension of 1 or 2 g, bottles of 12 g, powders of 50 g. It is used for poisoning for five days from 7 to 10 g three times a day, during the development of intestinal infections it is recommended to use 3 g 3 times per day for 3-4 days. It is well suited for poisoning with drugs and toxic substances, alcohol, with intestinal toxic infections and allergic conditions. In severe cases, such a medicine can wash the stomach. To do this, the substance dissolves in water and is injected through the probe for 4-6 times a day, with allergic conditions associated with bowel disturbance, the treatment course in a standard dose is 10-15 days.
Enterosgel Refers to a group of drugs for long-term use. Produced in the form of gel and paste. Gel for 45 and 225 g, paste. Assign the drug inside, at least an hour before meals. Before use, the substance is dissolved in 100 ml of water. Adults recommended 1 tablespoon 3 times during the day, children under 5 years are recommended to take 3 times for 1 tsp. Children under 14 years of age on 1 dessert spoon three times. In case of severe poisoning, the dose is doubled during the first day. Duration of treatment 3-5 days, in case of allergic diseases or chronic intoxication is prescribed up to three weeks. It is used in the development of allergic conditions, if there was poisoning with metals, poisonous and potent substances, alcohol. It is better to use it in complex treatment in case of development of stagnant phenomena in the digestive system, except for intestinal atony. Helps cope with childhood diathesis if taken at least 2 weeks with the main treatment. Young children can not be dissolved in water, and give a teaspoon one hour before a meal.
"Polyphepan" Dark brown powder, odorless and tasteless, which is obtained by processing lignin. Powder in bags of 10 g or in large bags of 50, 100, 250 and 500 g. Use inside 1 tablespoon up to 4 times a day. Before use, stir in water, eat for 2 minutes. The course of treatment is 5-7 days. In a usual dose (a tablespoon four times a day) is suitable for use in chronic intoxications and infectious diseases of the digestive system. Unlike other enterosorbents, it can lower the cholesterol level in the blood, but it is recommended to prolong the treatment up to a month, and in some cases even more.
Lactofiltrum, Filtrum Tablets of dark brown color, consisting of lactulose and lignin. It is taken one hour before a meal, washed down with a lot of water. Adults are recommended to use 3 tablets three times a day, children under 12 years - 1-2 tablets, 3 to 7 years, one. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks with chronic intoxication, with acute infections up to five days. The drug effectively binds toxic substances that came from outside and formed in the human body. The standard dose for an adult is 3 tablets 3 times a day, this amount of the drug helps to bind and withdraw ammonia, the breakdown products of alcohol and drugs, toxins, metal salts, poisons. That is, the main indication is the treatment of long-lasting intoxication.
White coal The basic composition of the drug - silicon dioxide and sucrose, is available in the form of tablets and suspensions. Tablets 700 mg. It is prescribed from three years to seven for one tablet 4 times during the day, children older than 7 years are recommended to take 3-4 tablets 4 times a day before the normalization of the condition. Only two tablets a day for two to three weeks will relieve the body of dysbiosis and will remove toxins that accumulated as a result of malnutrition or chronic gastrointestinal diseases. But in the case of acute conditions, the drug should be taken four times for three tablets. Used for acute poisoning products, dysbacteriosis, intestinal infections, allergic diseases. The only negative is the presence of sucrose, so people with diabetes can not use it.
"Smecta" ("Neosmectin"). Powder, which is obtained from clay minerals. Powder in bags of 3 g before use is recommended to dissolve in water. A single dose of an adult is 9 g, the recommended dose for a child of 1 year is 3 g. The drug is used to normalize the state of health, improve the function of the digestive tract. Used as an adsorbing and anti-diarrheal substance. In addition, it has an enveloping effect in diseases of the digestive system. The recommended dosage for an adult person for alcoholic and food poisoning is 3 packets once, dissolved in water. In other cases, it is used three times during the day from 7 days to four weeks.
Entereroze Powder is most often white in color, readily soluble in water. Powder in bags for ingestion by 5 and 50 g. The course of treatment is from 2 to 7 days 5 g to 3 times a day. If necessary, the treatment can be extended to 15 days. Distinctive features of the drug - it binds only harmful substances, while in the body are useful micronutrients. "Entereroz" is prescribed for light and moderate poisoning (1-3 times during the day), in more severe cases, it can not be recommended. Effectively binds toxins that have entered the body or formed in the process of improper digestion. It is prescribed for any type of intoxication, suitable for use by pregnant women.
"Atoxil" Silicon dioxide belongs to the group of enterosorbents. Sachets of 2 grams, bottles of 12 g, bottles of 10 mg. The daily dose of an adult and a child over 7 years is 12 g, in severe cases the amount of the drug is doubled. Children under 7 years are assigned 0.15-0.2 g per 1 kg of body weight, in three doses. The course of treatment is individual from 5 to 15 days. Before use, the powder should be mixed with water, and take one hour before meals. It is prescribed for alcohol poisoning, poisoning with fungi, with the development of food poisoning in a double dose, which on the average is 20-24 g, after a day the amount of the drug is reduced to 12 g in three doses. The minimum course of treatment is 5 days.
"Sorbolong" The drug belongs to the group of enterosorbents, and, in fact, is a mixture of "Enterosgel" and inulin. Available in capsules. It is appointed inward between meals. The dose of an adult is 15 g three times a day. Children under three years of age are recommended to eat 5 g twice a day, from three to five years 5 g three times, up to 14 years can take 10 g three times a day. The course of treatment is from 7 days to two weeks. In severe acute conditions during the first three days of the disease (dysbacteriosis, digestive system disorders, alcohol poisoning and drug overdose), the dose should be doubled to 30 g for an adult. Suitable for the treatment of chronic intoxications in a standard dose.
Chitosan This is a natural aminosaccharide, refers to enterosorbents, which includes chitin and chitosan. Obtained from the shell of crustaceans. Tablets and capsules 500 mg each. For preventive methods and in complex treatment, one capsule is prescribed no more than 2 times a day one hour before meals or 60 minutes after eating. This drug is more suitable for a long-term planned intake (for cleansing the intestines, with intoxication of the body due to prolonged chemotherapy) for which the drug is prescribed twice a day for more than a month. Used for light acute poisoning 1 capsule every 60 minutes, no more than 6 per day for 2-3 days.
Linex The active substance is lebenin, which contains bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, enterococci in its composition. Capsules of 280 mg. The course of treatment depends on the disease. It is prescribed for children up to 24 months three times a day, up to 12 years you can take 1-2 capsules three times during the day, over 12 years recommended 2 capsules no more than 3 times a day. "Linex" is a substance for restoring normal intestinal microflora after antibiotic therapy or the appointment of other potent drugs, with the development of intestinal infections, therefore it is recommended to take it in complex treatment three times a day until well-being.
Entegnin Lignin hydrolyzed, belongs to the group of enterosorbents. Tablets 0.4 g, granules and paste. It is used in acute conditions of 12-16 tablets per day inside, for routine treatment it is recommended to take 2 tablets three times a day for 30 days. It is prescribed for many types of intoxication of the body: poisoning with harmful chemical substances, in case of development of intestinal infections, allergic diseases, when working in conditions of harmful production, to normalize the work of the intestine. In such cases, "Entegnin" is taken at least 6 months a day. In acute conditions, the drug is given in a double dosage of 2-3 days.

Natural sorbents

  1. Rice broth. The product, which is used in the development of foodborne infections, loosening of the stool. It is used from three times a day and more for several days before the normalization of the condition.
  2. Bran. Effective natural enterosorbent, which is used to treat chronic intestinal intoxications. It is recommended to apply within a month 2-3 times a day, the dose is calculated individually, which depends on the mass of the person.
  3. The flesh of the apple. It belongs to the group of enterosorbents, it absorbs intestinal poisons well. It is recommended for use in infants during the period of complementary feeding. For treatment use the rubbed flesh for half an hour before eating at least three times a day for a long time.
  4. Fresh juices of vegetables. Suitable for the treatment of chronic intestinal diseases. Freshly squeezed juices of beets, cabbage and carrots are used before meals for several weeks.