Toxicomania and its consequences
Toxicomania among adolescents is a serious problem for modern society, although there is an opinion that this phenomenon is much less dangerous than drug addiction. But because of its destructive effect on the body of children and adolescents, the availability of the toxic substances used, the rate of development of mental dependence - this disease poses a serious threat.
Among doctors-narcologists it is not common to divide patients into drug addicts and drug addicts: both diseases develop according to similar principles and are subject to serious professional treatment. Difference only in the drugs used - toxicomans take non-narcotic chemical substances.
Types of substance abuse
In substance abuse, a person uses chemical compounds with a hallucinogenic and intoxicating effect. The way they are introduced into the body is through the lungs, by inhaling the vapors. Thus, the toxic compound directly affects the brain, poisoning it and causing the death of nerve cells - neurons, which results in intoxication. In other ways of administration, this chemical compound is usually too toxic or does not give a hallucinogenic effect.
Distinguish the following types of substance abuse depending on the substances used.
- Means of household and industrial chemistry: solvents, paints, varnishes, gasoline, ether, glue containing toluene.
Toxicomania with gas: propane, butane, isobutane. When the vapors of these substances are inhaled, the hydrocarbons that enter into their composition poison the central nervous system. They quickly destroy brain barriers, cause irreversible changes in the cortex and loss of intelligence. Some of them are also present in washing or detergents.
- Drug abuse: hypnotics and tranquilizers, central nervous system stimulants, antihistamines, anticholinergics. Harm in this case depends on the type of medication taken.
In general, when we talk about this problem, we mean toxicomania with gasoline and other easily accessible means from a group of hydrocarbons: varnishes, paints, gases.
Harm to substance abuse
Toxic substances cause chronic poisoning of the body, develops mental and physical dependence. From the point of view of biological processes, substance abuse is no different from drug addiction. Toxicomania with gasoline, for example - its consequences are just as dangerous as heroin addiction.
According to statistics, a significant proportion of drug addicts are teenagers between the ages of 10 and 16. They start using poisonous substances, seeking new sensations. Typically, in this occupation of children involves a senior toxicoman with experience. In the focus of the disease on the younger generation and is the main harm of substance abuse for society.
The physical danger lies in the irreversible destruction of the organic structures of the brain, disruption of the lungs, heart, liver and kidneys, the death of adolescents from overdose. Toxicomania and its consequences are of great social importance: the teenager is disturbed by the psyche, he lags behind his peers in development, does not learn the school curriculum and stops attending school. As a result, he closes on his addiction and completely falls out of society.
Return to a normal life toxicomaniac can not even in the case of a cure - irreversible violations in the cerebral cortex make him disabled.
How is substance abuse manifested?
Externally, the condition after the use of toxic substances is like intoxication from alcohol. Signs of substance abuse are also similar to behavioral disorders in addicts. There are also symptoms that develop as a result of the effects of poison on the body as a whole. A few days after the first sessions, a toxicant has a runny nose, an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes, and then bronchitis may develop. Also characteristic are:
- sharp mood swings;
- lag in development;
- dependence on the substances used.
There are social consequences of substance abuse: the circle of communication changes, it includes the same toxic addicts or children with delayed mental development. Unmotivated aggression is developing, and there are frequent drives to the police.
How does dependence develop?
When inhaling a toxic substance, the first signs appear after 5 minutes - dizziness, noise in the ears, fog in the head. After 7-10 minutes, coordination disorder develops. After 3 minutes, euphoria, nervous excitement, unrestrained fun begins. Then hallucinations occur within 10-15 minutes. Subjective time is stretched. Then comes the recession, and the toxicoman breathes in the substance again, doing up to 7-8 such cycles.
Psychic dependence in substance abuse can develop after 2-3 uses. The teenager is seized by the desire to experience euphoria and hallucinations again, without such feelings there is discomfort. The phase between inhalation and the appearance of hallucinations is forgotten by the toxicoman - it does not remember unpleasant sensations, but remembers euphoria. He begins to regularly inhale toxic substances, seeks means to implement his mania, it becomes the meaning of his life.
Physical dependence develops more slowly, within 1-2 months. First, addicts need only eat once every 3-4 days, then they quickly slide down to daily use. As a result, the toxic substance is taken twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Toxicomania is characterized by a rapid increase in the dose - within a month it increases 4-5 times, and the intoxication condition is shortened to 1-2 hours. At the same time, the body's reaction to toxin is weakened - the inflammatory phenomena on the part of the mucous membranes, palpitation and dyspnea are less pronounced.
As a result of discontinuation of use, there are violations from the central and autonomic nervous system - withdrawal symptoms or withdrawal syndrome. It is one of the consequences of substance abuse. Drug addicts call it breaking. It develops after the inhalation of the substance has ceased and lasts up to the next dose, in case of inaccessibility of the poison preparation - for about 5 days.
Consequences of substance abuse
The disease has serious consequences for the individual as well as for society as a whole. As a result of the use of toxic substances, the need to experience euphoria quickly develops, and because of the addiction of the organism to the poisoning effect, even significant doses are already ineffective. Therefore, those of the drug addicts, who have not died from the effects of poison, become drug addicts, that is, they switch to using narcotic drugs.
For physical health, the consequences of substance abuse may be as follows:
- burns of the respiratory tract;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- lungs' cancer;
- abscess of the lung and its complications - pulmonary bleeding, degeneration of the lung tissue, degeneration of the structure of internal organs;
- pathology of cardiac activity - heart attack, hypertension, heart defects;
- benign and malignant kidney tumors;
- inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines.
Even a single use of harmful substances can cause mental addiction and retarding of a teenager in a vicious circle. The Toxicoman does not control his actions, he breaks away from reality. The physical consequences of substance abuse are irreversible! Even in the case of a complete cure for addiction, the patient has persistent impairments in brain activity, and he becomes mentally disabled.