How to treat flea bites in humans
Fleas parasitize warm-blooded animals and humans and are common everywhere. In total, there are more than 2,000 species of these blood-sicking insects, including about 500 species distributed in Russia.
Where can you be attacked by parasites, how dangerous are these bloodsuckers, and how to treat flea bites in humans?
Types of fleas and their habits
Fleas are parasites that feed on blood. Of the numerous species of humans in modern living conditions, the following fleas often attack:
- Canine Ctenocephalides canis;
- feline Ctenocephalides felis;
- human Pulex irritans;
- rabbit Spilopsyllus cuniculi;
- rat Xenopsylla cheopis.
In countries with a tropical climate, sand flea is a danger that parasitizes pigs, dogs and humans.
There is the popular term "basement fleas", which bites cause trouble to people. The concept includes insects living in the basement. They can relate to several of the above species and parasitize stray and synanthropic animals living in basements - cats, rats, mice.
Fleas do not have narrow specificity. They move from one animal to another, attack a person, although they prefer to feed on warm-blooded "their" species.
The appearance of the parasite is as follows: a small black or dark brown fused body, covered with chitinous shields. Chitinous cover is very durable and protects the insect from mechanical damage. The parasite has a small size - from 0.5 to 3 mm, so it is difficult to see, and sometimes you can not even notice. The wings of these insects have atrophied, they move through the body of the host with the help of tenacious legs, they can jump over a fairly considerable distance - up to one and a half meters.
These insects are not permanently on the body of the host. They can live in bedding, carpets, upholstery of upholstered furniture, in the ground and sand, the material of the nest and hole. Parasites lay eggs from which the larvae hatch. Larvae live in the environment and feed on dead organics. After several molts the larva pupates and an adult flea appears in the light. She attacks the new owner. It should be noted that the parasite can exist without food for up to one and a half years.
Symptoms of a flea bite on a person
A flea bite is characterized by the following symptoms:
pain (as if pricked with a needle);
- the red dot at the site of the bite is caked blood;
- slight swelling;
- red skin around the bite;
- severe itching.
Itches the affected area for a long time and intensely. When scratching, there is a risk of infection and provoke skin inflammation. If the bite is not complicated by anything, then the redness disappears within a week. The reaction of the skin to a flea bite is denoted by a special medical term - pulikoz.
The most characteristic are bites in the area of the feet and lower leg, less commonly on the hands and torso of a person.
What are dangerous flea bites for humans
An insect pierces the skin with its mouth apparatus and sucks blood. The process of feeding can take from several minutes to 2-3 hours. The parasite's saliva contains toxins that cause skin irritation, but the blood does not thin. Fleas eat often and greedily, while undigested blood is excreted in the feces and causes additional irritation. A flea bite is quite painful, but in some circumstances a person may not notice it. In this case, the attack of the bloodsucker is recognized after the appearance of red itchy spots on the skin.
What are dangerous flea bites? First of all, it is painful at the moment of bite and itching after it. If there are many insects, and they bite regularly, then a person can develop obsessive states, even neuralgia and psychosis. Children especially suffer from painful sensations. Numerous advanced skin lesions with flea toxins (for example, in the homeless) can lead to purulent skin diseases, the development of abscesses and cellulitis.
Often there is an allergy to flea bites. In an allergic reaction, redness extends over a large area, accompanied by edema and an increase in local temperature. Allergy sufferers and children under 12 years of age may suffer a systemic reaction due to flea bite:
- difficulty breathing.
In rare cases, anaphylactic shock develops.
Fleas can serve as carriers of various infectious diseases. In practice, there are about 25 diseases. They are transmitted both mechanically and through blood. The most dangerous of them are:
- tick-borne encephalitis;
- hepatitis B, C;
Treatment for flea bites on a person
Treatment of flea bites on a person includes measures to disinfect the wound, relieve swelling and itching.
- Wash the damaged area with warm soapy water.
- The wound is smeared with any antiseptic: green, alcohol, tincture of iodine.
- How to treat flea bites in a person to remove edema: wipe several times a day with table vinegar (diluted 1: 1 with water), a weak solution of citric acid or an ice cube.
- How to smear flea bites in humans? To relieve itching and swelling, you can use one of the following medications: sulfuric ointment, Psilo-Balsam, Nezulin cream-gel, and Rescuer ointment. Pharmacies sell other ointments designed specifically for insect bites.
- How can you relieve itching from a flea bite if there are signs of a local allergic reaction? Apply the ointment "Hydrocortisone", "Fenistil gel", "Soventol". These drugs contain an antihistamine component that reduces inflammation and prevents the development of allergies.
- A good way to relieve itching from flea bites is regular baking soda. It is diluted to a state of slurry and make lotions, or prepare a solution (1 teaspoon per glass of water) and apply a drying compress.
If there are signs of a general allergic reaction - fever, difficulty breathing, you should consult a doctor. You can take a pill "Suprastin" or "Tavegila."
Treating flea bites with folk remedies
Folk remedies for flea bites for a person is always at hand in the summer, they relieve itching and swelling, prevent inflammation. These include:
- clove of garlic.
It is necessary to lubricate the bite with the juice of these plants or apply a gruel of fresh leaves to the damaged place.
A wonderful folk remedy for flea bites - wormwood is bitter, it will not only relieve irritation, but also scare away parasites.
How to destroy fleas
The only sure way to get rid of flea bites is to destroy these insects. To do this, the apartment is regularly doing wet cleaning, vacuuming carpets and upholstered furniture. It is necessary to remove insect eggs. Animals are subjected to insecticidal treatment using zoo shampoos or veterinary drugs from parasites - solutions, sprays. To prevent the re-introduction of insects from the street on the pets wear an anti-flea collar.
In the garden area, in sheds and other outbuildings, treatment with insecticides is carried out by spraying. Before this, it is necessary to clean up litter, fallen leaves, mow the grass, remove and replace the litter in animals.
If you find insects in the basement of an apartment building, call disinfectors from the sanitary service of Rospotrebnadzor.
In conclusion, we draw conclusions. Flea bites themselves do not pose a big problem. For single injuries, it is necessary to treat the skin with an antiseptic and apply any ointment from flea bites and other insects - they are sold in pharmacies. With a strong reddening and swelling, you can apply the ointment with the antihistamine substance "Hydrocortisone", "Fenistil gel" and others.
If signs of an acute allergic reaction develop: an increase in body temperature, severe edema, difficulty breathing - you should consult a doctor.
In order to prevent insect attacks, you need to carry out their destruction - disinsection. To do this, remove the parasites on animals with the help of veterinary drugs and process the room with insecticide solutions. Carpets and upholstered furniture vacuums to get rid of eggs. Usually requires 2 treatments with an interval of 14 days.
It must be borne in mind that fleas can serve as carriers of infectious diseases. This is especially true for countries with a hot climate and poor sanitary conditions. If within 1–2 weeks after insect bites any suspicious signs appear: fever, diarrhea, skin rash, consult a doctor.