Is the electronic cigarette harmful to the body?
In an environment where smoking in public places is increasingly limited, and tobacco prices are rising noticeably, electronic cigarettes are becoming more popular. Many are convinced that the harm from electronic cigarettes is much less than that of conventional cigarettes. And the network has a huge number of articles proving that this kind of smoking is not only harmless, but even in some way useful.
Let's see - are these new smoking devices harmful and whether to use them as an alternative to tobacco.
Composition of liquid for electronic cigarettes
An electronic cigarette was invented at the beginning of this century in Hong Kong. About ten years - this newfangled invention, has become incredibly popular among smokers. Many of them are not even interested in whether electronic cigarettes are harmful to health. Therefore, their market in the US and the EU demonstrates enviable growth, despite the fact that the sale of tobacco in the same region of the world is constantly declining. Russia is no exception, especially after recent restrictions on smoking and increasing the price of tobacco products.
But where is the harm? After burning with smoking does not happen - the device soars, but does not smoke. Let's take a closer look at what the smoking liquid consists of. It includes:
- propylene glycol;
- aromatic additives;
In this case, propylene glycol and glycerin are used to dissolve flavors and generate smoke that simulates smoke.
What is more harmful than a conventional cigarette or electronic cigarette
Many smokers are interested in what is more harmful - an electronic cigarette or an ordinary cigarette.
What is the harm of a normal cigarette? In it, in addition to nicotine, the resins that result from the combustion of tobacco and paper are also dangerous. The composition of the formed resins includes:
- aromatic hydrocarbons, the most poisonous of which is benzopyrene;
- aromatic amines;
- complex phenols;
- polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
This is not a complete list of toxic chemical compounds that cause cancer. In addition, tobacco smoke contains:
- carbon monoxide;
- nitrosodimethylamine and the like.
The presence of a radioactive element of polonium in tobacco smoke is also proved.
All these elements, of course, are not present in the liquid for electronic cigarettes and the inhaled vapor. Harm from the composition of liquid for electronic cigarettes is much less.
However, although the damage from electronic cigarettes is much less, they are also unsafe. Why this is so, we'll talk below, see all the components that enter the body of the smoker along with the steam.
Harm of nicotine in electronic cigarettes
The composition of both the conventional cigarette and electronic is nicotine, a narcotic substance with a strong neurotropic effect. Nicotine is extremely dangerous for humans - it is a poison for blood vessels and heart.
In addition, as mentioned above, nicotine is a drug and when used repeatedly causes physical and psychological dependence. Therefore, the expediency of using it in a device that is designed to quit smoking is very doubtful.
The amount of nicotine in certain "strong" varieties of smoking liquids can reach 25 mg per milliliter. With excessive or improper use of such cigarettes, nicotine poisoning can occur. Recall also that the lethal dose of nicotine for a person is about 100 mg.
Prolonged use of nicotine can cause:
- hyperglycemia (increased serum glucose);
- arterial hypertension;
- angina pectoris;
- ischemic heart disease;
- heart failure;
- myocardial infarction.
In addition to the fact that nicotine is poisoning the cardiovascular system, many questions are caused by the aromatic additives contained in the liquid for smoking. Different manufacturers have different, and the lack of regulation, standards for the supervision of such products, suggests the possible presence of carcinogens in their composition.
Consumers are thinking about the dangers of glycerin in electronic cigarettes. It is a triatomic alcohol, sweet to the taste. The substance is used in the food industry, in particular, it is added to certain food products to increase their viscosity.
Glycerin itself has a low toxicity. It is also not dangerous if inhaled by steam. However, in some cases, glycerol vapor may irritate the upper respiratory tract and cause allergies. In principle, this substance in amounts used with this kind of smoking can hardly bring a person any harm.
Is Propylene Glycol Harmful in Electronic Cigarettes?
The issue of propylene glycol harm in electronic cigarettes is also of interest to consumers of this innovative way of smoking. This substance is a colorless, viscous liquid with almost no odor. It is a good solvent, and therefore used in the manufacture of medicines, as well as in the food industry. Adding propylene glycol to foods as a stabilizer proves that it does not harm a person unless they are abused.
Propylene glycol is used in an electronic cigarette to dissolve flavors and irritate the upper respiratory tract. At high doses, propylene glycol depresses the central nervous system and can lead to kidney damage.
Is the electronic cigarette harmful to others
In the world there is a practice of prohibiting the use of electronic cigarettes in public places. So, does the vapor from the electronic cigarette harm others?
Such a pair does not contain carcinogenic substances, carbon monoxide. However, it includes nicotine. And it does not differ at all from what is contained in traditional tobacco products.
If smoking indoors, then the air is saturated with nicotine. When other people are in this room, they are forced to breathe this drug. And let his concentration in the air will not be very high, but still he has time to act on the people of his breathing. After all, there is no safe amount of nicotine for a person. The harm from nicotine from electronic cigarettes is the same as from conventional cigarettes.
Is the electronic cigarette harmful for pregnant women?
Individual women, after learning about their pregnancy, can not (or do not want) to stop smoking. And in an electronic cigarette they find, in their opinion, a safer way of "delivering" nicotine into the blood.
However, electronic cigarettes are not so safe for women waiting for a child. Note that nicotine and pregnancy, as well as the birth of a healthy, strong baby - things are absolutely incompatible. Even small doses of nicotine seriously harm the health of women and children. There is no, even theoretically, minimal dose of nicotine, safe for humans. And even more so for a pregnant woman.
So the use of electronic cigarettes as a safe alternative to regular tobacco during pregnancy is absolutely not permissible.
Harmful electronic cigarette for children
It would seem, what is the question here? After all, children's smoking is absolutely not allowed, including the use of electronic devices. However, buyers of these products are interested in whether the electronic cigarette is harmful to children if they are near the smoker. The answer to this is only positive: because children will have to inhale nicotine. And the children's organism is much more vulnerable to this narcotic poison than the adult.
The conclusion is one - in no event should you not use electronic cigarettes, if there is a child near you.
So, the electronic cigarette is clearly not as harmful as usual. In any case, a positive fact is the absence of combustion. But absolutely safe product - it's hard to call it. The presence in it of a narcotic - nicotine, as well as the lack of production and surveillance standards for this type of product, because of which various impurities, including toxic ones, can enter the liquid, making the use of electronic cigarettes a highly dubious alternative to tobacco. Smoking should be thrown, using special medicines, once and for all!