Belen black is a poisonous plant

белена Many people know the expression: "You're full of whitens". But few know that this plant is a distant relative of the potato, that it is actually poisonous, and that a saying indicating strange, inadequate behavior has appeared for a reason. So, what is bleach?

Belen is a two-year-old poisonous herbaceous plant belonging to the family of the nightshade plants. The plant has a specific intoxicating aroma. Belena is represented by a long stalk (about 40-70 centimeters), elongated in shape with leaves and large yellowish flowers. The base of the flower is represented by dark blue veins. This plant ripens in late August and September. When ripe fruit resembles a box filled with gray seeds, similar to poppy seeds. Poisonous bleached plants are common everywhere. But more often such a plant can be found in the North Caucasus, the East and Central Asia.

Collection of bleached

белена растение The whiteness ripens between August and September. Collect the leaves of the plant in sunny weather and spread immediately to dry. If you neglect these rules, that is, collect them wet, then such leaves become brown.

Dry the collected leaves in rooms with good ventilation.

Belen belongs to a group of poisonous plants, so when collecting and drying it is necessary to comply with hygienic measures. Before the collection, wear gloves and never touch the mucous membranes and skin with hands.

Poisons that make up bleach

The toxic properties of bleached are due to the content of a large number of alkaloids, which belong to the group of atropines. The content of alkaloids differs in different parts of bleached black. So, for example, the roots contain the largest amount of atropine-like substances (up to 0.18%). Whereas in stems the content of such substances does not reach 0.02%. In leaves and seeds, the alkaloids content is approximately the same (about 0.1%).

It should be remembered that the content of alkaloids in different parts of the plant can vary depending on geographical conditions (ultraviolet radiation, season, humidity).

Among the toxic substances that make up the leaves of bleached are:

  • яд белены scopolamine;
  • atropine;
  • hyoscyamine;
  • flavonoids;
  • glycosides;
  • hyoscypicrin;
  • hyoscyrosine;
  • hyoscerin.

In the seeds of bleached are:

  • fatty oils up to 35% (linoleic acid, oleic acid, unsaturated acids);
  • resinous substances;
  • protein substances;
  • glycosides;
  • gum;
  • mineral salts;
  • sugar.

Due to the use of black henbane in large quantities, severe consequences arise which can lead to death.

Application in medicine

Belen black is a poisonous plant, therefore it is rarely used in medicine. Poison bleach directly has a sedative effect on the human body. But, despite all the side effects, bleach also has a certain therapeutic effect. The composition of this plant includes tropane alkaloids, which have an antispasmodic effect on the muscular system of the intestine, biliary tract and urinary system.

бронхит Belem is effective in the following cases:

  • neurological pathology (parkinsonism, neuralgia, nervous tic, hysteria, manic-depressive syndrome, stammering, neurosis);
  • diseases of the respiratory system (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchopneumonia);
  • diseases of the urinary system (cystitis, cystourethritis, pyelonephritis);
  • gastroenterological pathology (gastric spasms, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, colitis, enteritis);
  • dermatovenereological practice (syphilis, scabies, eczema, dermatomycosis);
  • infectious diseases (acute respiratory infections, pertussis, diphtheria).

When using a small amount of drugs containing bleach, no effects on the central nervous system are observed.

The main therapeutic effects are - analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory.

Belen black can be represented in the following form:

  • powder for cooking;
  • extract is dry;
  • medicine;
  • tableted form;
  • rectal suppositories;
  • ointments;
  • broths.

The use of bleached in folk medicine

масло белены To stop an attack of bronchial asthma, powder from dry leaves of bleached, sage and datura is also used. The mixture of leaves is poured onto a hot plate and inhaled vapors.

For the treatment of otorhinolaryngological diseases, relief of pain with gout, rheumatic pain, neurological diseases, an oil solution is made from the juice of the leaves of bleached. To do this, you need to mix the juice of the leaves with vegetable oil. This solution is used in inflammatory processes in the middle ear no more than three times a day. Oily solution is used only in a warm form.

In diseases of the joints, influenza-like conditions, aches, diseases of the oral cavity, a decoction of leaves of bleached is used. To do this, take 5 grams of dry leaves of bleached black, pour steep boiling water (250 milliliters), cover with a towel and leave for 10-15 minutes. Next, the broth should be filtered.

With neurological pathology, gout, rheumatism, fresh bleached leaves are soaked in ammonia, then processed with vegetable oil. If severe pain occurs, it is necessary to rub the solution into the affected area.

There is also a category of people who are contraindicated in the use of drugs containing bleach. For example, black henna increases intraocular pressure, so it is not prescribed for patients with glaucoma. Contraindicated for use in pregnant women and people with diseases of the cardiovascular system (rhythm disturbances, tachycardia, hypertension).

Since black henna refers to poisonous plants, the preparations in which it enters must be taken with extreme caution. Self-medication with such drugs is unacceptable. Before using these medications, you should consult a specialist.