Black henbane - poisonous plant

белена Many people know the expression: "You are like a henbane overeat." But few know that this plant is a distant relative of the potato, that it is actually poisonous, and that the saying for strange, inappropriate behavior appeared for a reason. So what is henbane?

Belen is a biennial poisonous herb belonging to the family of the nightshade. The plant has a specific heady aroma. The henna is represented by a long stem (about 40–70 centimeters), elongated leaves and large yellowish flowers. The base of the flower is represented by dark blue veins. This plant ripens in late August and September. When ripe, the fruit resembles a box filled with gray poppy-like seeds. Poisonous henbane plants are found everywhere. But more often such a plant can be found in the North Caucasus, the East and Central Asia.

Picking henbane

белена растение The henbane matures in the interval between August and September. Collect the leaves of the plant should be in sunny weather and spread immediately for drying. If you ignore these rules, that is, to collect them wet, then these leaves turn brown.

Dry the collected leaves can be in rooms with good ventilation.

Helen belongs to the group of poisonous plants, so when it is collected and dried it is necessary to observe hygienic measures. Before collecting, you must wear gloves and in any case not to touch the mucous membranes and skin.

Poisons are part of henbane

The poisonous properties of henbane are due to the high content of alkaloids, which belong to the group of atropines. The content of alkaloids is different in different parts of the black henbane. For example, the roots contain the largest amount of atropine-like substances (up to 0.18%). Whereas in the stems the content of such substances does not reach 0.02%. In the leaves and seeds, the content of alkaloids is about the same (about 0.1%).

It should be remembered that the content of alkaloids in different parts of the plant can vary depending on geographical conditions (ultraviolet radiation, season, humidity).

Among the poisonous substances that make up the leaves of the henbane are:

  • яд белены scopolamine;
  • atropine;
  • hyoscyamine;
  • flavonoids;
  • glycosides;
  • hyoscipicrin;
  • hyoscyrosine;
  • gioscerin.

In henbane seeds are:

  • fatty oils up to 35% (linoleic acid, oleic acid, unsaturated acids);
  • resinous substances;
  • protein substances;
  • glycosides;
  • gum;
  • mineral salts;
  • sugar.

Due to the use of the black henbane in a large number there are serious consequences that can be fatal.

Medical applications

Black henbane is a poisonous plant, therefore it is rarely used in medicine. Poison henbane directly has a sedative effect on the human body. But, despite all the side effects, henbane also has a certain therapeutic effect. The composition of this plant includes tropane alkaloids, which have a spasmolytic effect on the muscular system of the intestine, biliary tract and urinary system.

бронхит Helen is effective in the following cases:

  • neurological pathology (parkinsonism, neuralgia, nervous tic, hysteria, manic-depressive syndrome, stuttering, neurosis);
  • respiratory diseases (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchopneumonia);
  • diseases of the urinary system (cystitis, cystourethritis, pyelonephritis);
  • gastroenterological pathology (stomach cramps, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, colitis, enteritis);
  • dermatovenerological practice (syphilis, scabies, eczema, ringworm);
  • infectious diseases (acute respiratory infections, whooping cough, diphtheria).

When using a small amount of drugs containing henbane, no effect on the central nervous system is observed.

The main therapeutic effects are analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory.

Black helen can be represented as follows:

  • cooking powder;
  • dry extract;
  • mixture;
  • tablet form;
  • rectal candles;
  • ointment;
  • decoctions.

The use of henbane in folk medicine

масло белены For relief of bronchial asthma also use powder from dry leaves of henbane, sage and datura. A mixture of leaves pour on a hot stove and inhale the formed vapors.

For the treatment of otorhinolaryngological diseases, relief of gout pain, rheumatic pains, neurological diseases, an oil solution is made from the juice of the leaves. To do this, mix the juice of the leaves with vegetable oil. This solution is used for inflammatory processes in the middle ear no more than three times a day. The oil solution is applied only in the form of heat.

For diseases of the joints, flu-like conditions, aches, and diseases of the oral cavity, a decoction of the leaves of henbane is used. To do this, take 5 grams of dry leaves of the black henbane, pour boiling water (250 milliliters), cover with a towel and leave for 10-15 minutes. Next, the broth should be filtered.

In case of neurological pathology, gout, rheumatism, fresh leaves of the henbane are soaked in liquid ammonia, then processed with vegetable oil. If severe pain occurs, rub the solution into the affected area.

There is also a category of people who are contraindicated in the use of products containing hebena. For example, a black henbane increases intraocular pressure, and therefore is not indicated for patients with glaucoma. Contraindicated for use in pregnant women and people with diseases of the cardiovascular system (arrhythmias, tachycardia, hypertension).

Since the black henbane is a poisonous plant, the preparations in which it is included must be taken with extreme caution. Self-treatment with such drugs is unacceptable. Before using these drugs you should consult with a specialist.