How to treat burns of hogweed

растение борщевик Hogweed is a common plant from the umbrella family. In Russia, approximately until the 18th century, the leaves and stems of this plant were used to make a stew with vegetables - this is how borscht appeared. Eating gradually faded away, although the plant contains many useful substances - amino acids, vitamins, microelements. In the last century, hogweed cultivated as forage silage culture, but later abandoned due to its poisonous properties and rapid spread.

Hogweed is a poisonous plant. But not all of its species are equally harmful. Hogweed poisoning can occur when the stems and leaves are eaten if it is used improperly as a medicinal plant. But most often this plant causes the development of sunburn on the skin.

How does the hogweed

What is a hogweed, how to recognize this plant? On the territory of the former Soviet Union grows about forty of its species. A total of about seventy. They are characterized by umbrella inflorescences of small white flowers, tall growth and feathery razlapistye leaves. The plant is unpretentious to the conditions of the environment, lives on the banks of rivers, in wastelands, along the roadsides. The stem is thick, up to one and a half meters in height, the plant can occupy about 1 square meter in area. Hogweed is famous for its high growth rate - it can add 10–12 cm in height per day.

борщевик фото
hogweed Sosnowski

Siberian hogweed is widely distributed in the European part of Russia and Western Siberia. It is not poisonous, it is eaten and used for medicinal purposes.

Another non-hazardous plant species is the hogweed. It grows in Eurasia and North Africa.

From poisonous species in Russia grows hogweed Sosnovsky. It is much higher than the first two species, the edges of the leaves are as if rugged, the stem is covered with hairs with purple dots.

Some types of plants are used as decorative plants, planting them in park areas or in summer cottages. These include Mantegazzi (phytotoxic), Colchian hogweed (non-toxic), pink hogweed, and others. Most non-poisonous ornamental species have yellow or pink flowers.

What is dangerous for a hogweed person

борщевик сибирский фото How does a hogweed on a person? The juice of the plant contains a poisonous substance - coumarin bergapten. In contact with skin, it increases sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. This property of plants is called phototoxicity.

The danger lies in the fact that by itself the juice of hogweed does not irritate the skin. You can get a significant dose of poison without consequences, but if you are exposed to sunlight for two days after this, a burn will develop. The degree of burn depends on the amount of juice on the skin, the intensity and duration of exposure to sunlight.

The most dangerous hogweed during the flowering period, which lasts almost all summer. Also, the likelihood of burns increases on clear sunny days.

Allergy to hogweed is a fairly common occurrence. The plant produces a lot of essential oils, has a sharp characteristic odor that can be felt for a few meters. The reaction can occur both on contact and by the ingestion of an allergen in the respiratory tract.

Children often get hurt by playing with the stems of Sosnovsky's Hogweed, which is several centimeters in diameter and has a hollow structure - they make spleen tubes or whistles from it, which leads to burns of the mouth and lips.


ожоги от борщевика фото If you get a hogweed, the symptoms will depend on the degree of exposure of the poison to the skin:

  • slight redness;
  • blisters;
  • deep ulcers.

In the affected areas of the skin, the person experiences itching and burning. Of the common symptoms, lethargy, chills, dizziness, and headache are observed. Sometimes body temperature rises.

People with blond hair and white skin react more strongly to burns. Often children suffer from burns.

With a slight degree of damage to the skin remains pigmented spot. If the juice has caused severe inflammation, blisters and vesicles, then slowly healing ulcers are formed in their place later. With a burn of more than 80% of the body surface, death is possible.

In allergic reactions, runny nose, cough, bronchospasm attacks, skin edema are possible - at the site of injury or systemic (Quincke edema).

First aid for burn clove

помощь при ожоге борщевиком What to do with a borshevik burn to prevent the development of severe damage? As soon as possible, wash the plant sap from the skin. It is better to use soap solutions or with baking soda - it is difficult to remove the essential oils of the plant with ordinary water.

Then the affected skin is smeared with any softening cream.

It is necessary to consult a doctor in the following cases:

  • the appearance of allergic reactions - edema of the skin, nasopharynx, bronchospasm, etc.;
  • large area burns (more than 10% of the body);
  • severe burns with merging blisters;
  • burns of the eyes, mucous membranes of the mouth and nose;
  • burns in young children;
  • strong general reaction: fever, vomiting.

For light burns, you can treat at home.

Treatment burn burner

If the burn has already been received by the Hogweed, the treatment consists in lubricating the damaged skin and avoiding exposure to sunlight, even through clothing. It is recommended not to leave the house within two days after contact with the plant.

How to treat burn of hogweed:

  • лечение ожога борщевиком "Sintomitsinovaya" ointment;
  • Rescue Gel;
  • aerosol "Panthenol";
  • spray "Olazol";
  • zinc ointment for burn with hogger;
  • "Tsindol" - a homeopathic drug.

Or you can use any other pharmacy to treat burns. Open blisters can not be opened, otherwise you can bring infection. Wash the burns with furatsilina solution or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Treatment burn burner at home folk remedies

  • лечение ожога борщевиком народными средствами lotions from strong tea;
  • decoction of oak bark: one tablespoon of crushed bark in two glasses of water, boiled for 10 minutes;
  • decoction of the root burner: one tablespoon for a glass of water, boil for 20 minutes;
  • lavender oil - lubricate burns.

Lotions are done every 2–3 hours, wetting gauze or a piece of clean cotton fabric with broth and applying on the affected skin area for 5–10 minutes.

How to avoid poisoning

The best way to prevent hogweed burns is to not touch the plant. Unfortunately, in practice, this advice is rather difficult to implement. Hogweed quickly grows, taking up the places where it was not previously. Contact with the plant does not cause unpleasant sensations, so the hogweed can simply be overlooked in the grass.

  1. как избежать отравления борщевиком Children need to show the plant and explain that it is dangerous to play next to it.
  2. If it is necessary to carry out weeding, then use the tools to the maximum, avoiding contact of the plant with the skin.
  3. Work in cloudy weather.
  4. Wear thick clothes with long sleeves and trouser legs.
  5. Wash with soap and water after work.
  6. Get rid of hogweed in the garden before flowering.

Summarizing the above, it can be noted that severe burns from the Hogweed are not found very often. Basically, it affects children and workers employed in agriculture or in a private household. If a poisonous plant grows in your area, show it to the children and explain what its danger is.

In case of poisoning with hogweed, symptoms appear after a few hours, provided that the affected skin is exposed to sunlight. There is a reddening, in the further there can be blisters passing into ulcers.

In mild cases, the affected skin is washed with an antiseptic solution and smeared with any anti-burn ointment. In severe situations (burns more than 10% of the body, getting the plant juice in the eyes or mucous membranes, the development of an allergic reaction) - see a doctor.